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SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips. With the essay, 2016 AP English Language and Composition exam approaching on Wednesday, May 11, it’s time to make sure that you’re familiar with all aspects of the exam. In this article, I’ll give a brief overview of the test, do a deeper dive on resume writing services each of the sections, discuss how the exam is scored, offer some strategies for studying, and finally wrap up with some essential exam day tips. The AP Language and Composition exam tests your rhetorical skills. Essentially, how do authors construct effective arguments in their writing? What tools do they use? How can you use those tools to practice test, craft effective writing yourself? That is the resume writing boise, essence of rhetorical analysis. The exam has two parts: the first section is an hour-long, 52-55 question multiple-choice section that asks you questions on the rhetorical construction and techniques of essay, a series of nonfiction passages. The second section is free response.
It starts with a 15-minute reading period, and then you’ll have 120 minutes to write three analytical essays: one synthesizing several provided texts to create an argument, one analyzing a nonfiction passage for its rhetorical construction, and one creating an original argument in response to a prompt. You will have about resume writing services 40 minutes to write each essay, but no one will prompt you to move from essay to gmat test, essay—you can structure the 120 minutes as you wish. In the next sections I’ll go over each section of the exam more closely—first multiple choice, and then free response. The AP English Language and Composition Multiple-Choice. The multiple-choice section is primarily focused on brainstorming how well you can read and practice test understand nonfiction passages for their use of rhetorical devices and tools. You will be presented with 4-5 passages, about essay which you will receive a small amount of orienting information, e.g. “This passage is excerpted from essay practice, a collection of essays on boating” or “This passage is excerpted from an essay written in 19th-century Haiti.” You will be asked somewhere from 10-15 questions per passage. There are, in general, eight question types you can expect to brainstorming, encounter on the multiple-choice section of the exam. I’ve taken my examples from the sample questions in the “Course and Exam Description.” Magic eight-ball says there are eight types of gmat practice, multiple-choice questions! These questions are focused on verifying that you understood what a certain part of the passage was saying on a concrete, literal level. You can identify these questions from phrases like “according to” “refers,” etc.
The best way to essay, succeed on these questions is to gmat essay practice, go back and re-read the part of the resume writing boise, passage referred to very carefully. These questions take reading comprehension one step further—they are primarily focused on what the author is implying without directly coming out and saying it. These questions will have a correct answer, though, based on evidence from the passage. Which interpretation offered in essay practice test the answers does the passage most support? You can identify questions like these from words like “best supported,” ‘“implies,” “suggests,” “inferred,” and so on. Type 3: Overall Passage and Author Questions. These questions ask about overall elements of the passage or the author, such as the author’s attitude on the issue discussed, the purpose of the passage, the passage’s overarching style, the audience for the passage, and essay on funeral so on. Gmat Essay? You can identify these because they won’t refer back to a specific moment in the text. For these questions, you’ll need to think of the passage from a “bird’s-eye view” and writing test consider what all of the small details together are combining to say. Type 4: Relationships Between Parts of the essay test, Text.
Some questions will ask you to describe the relationship between two parts of the text, whether they are paragraphs or specific lines. You can identify these because they will usually explicitly ask about the relationship between two identified parts of the thesis of relativity on, text, although sometimes they will instead ask about a relationship implicitly, by saying something like “compared to gmat essay, the rest of the essay beach, passage.” Type 5: Interpretation of Imagery/Figurative Language. These questions will ask you about the deeper meaning or implication of figurative language or imagery that is used in the text. Essay? Essentially, why did the author choose to resume boise, use this simile or this metaphor? What is s/he trying to accomplish? You can generally identify questions like this because the question will specifically reference a moment of figurative language in the text. However, it might not be immediately apparent that the phrase being referenced is figurative, so you may need to go back and look at it in the passage to be sure of gmat test, what kind of question you are facing.
Type 6: Purpose of brainstorming, Part of the Text. Gmat Practice Test? Still other questions will ask you to identify what purpose a particular part of the descriptive describing, text serves in the author’s larger argument. What is the author trying to accomplish with the particular moment in the text identified in gmat essay practice the question? You can identify these questions because they will generally explicitly ask what purpose a certain part of the text serves. You may also see words or phrases like “serves to” or “function.” These questions will ask you to identify a rhetorical strategy used by the author. They will often specifically use the resume services, phrase “rhetorical strategy,” although sometimes you will be able to identify them instead through the answer choices, which offer different rhetorical strategies as possibilities. Some questions will ask you about stylistic moments in the text and essay the effect created by the those stylistic choices.
What is the author evoking through their stylistic choices? You can identify these questions because they will generally mention “effect.” Some very important stylish effects going on test here. The AP English Language and Composition Free Response. The free response section has a 15-minute reading period. After that time, you will have 120 minutes to write three essays that address three distinct tasks. Gmat Essay Test? Because the first essay involves reading sources, it is scientific of relativity, suggested that you use the gmat essay test, entire 15-minute reading period to read the sources and plan the first essay. However, you may want to glance at the other questions during the reading period so that ideas can percolate in the back of your mind as you work on the first essay. Essay One: Synthesis. For this essay, you will be briefly oriented on an issue and resume writing services boise then given anywhere from six-eight sources that provide various perspectives and information on the issue. You will then need to write an argumentative essay with support from the documents. If this sounds a lot like a DBQ, as on the history AP exams, that’s because it is!
However, this essay is much more argumentative in nature—your goal is to persuade, not merely interpret the gmat practice test, documents. In the second essay, you’ll be presented with an excerpt from a nonfiction piece that advances an argument and asked to write an essay analyzing the resume services boise, rhetorical strategies used to construct the passage’s argument. You will also be given some orienting information—where the passage was excerpted from, who wrote it, its approximate date, where it was published (if at all), and to whom it was directed. In the third essay, you will be presented with an issue and gmat asked to write a persuasive essay taking a position on the issue. You will need to support your position with evidence from your “reading, experience, and observations.” This doesn't look like a very well-constructed argument. Of Pirenne Thesis? How The AP Language and Composition Exam Is Scored.
The multiple-choice section of the practice, exam is worth 45% of your score, and the free-response section is worth the other 55%. So each of the descriptive, three free-response essays is worth about essay practice 18% of your score. On Funeral? As on other APs, your raw score will be converted to a scaled score of 1-5. This exam has a relatively low 5 rate. Only 9.9% of test takers received a 5 last year, although 55% of students received a score of test, 3 or higher. In terms of how the raw score is obtained, the multiple-choice section is similar to other AP multiple-choice sections: you receive a point for brainstorming every question you answer correctly, and there is no penalty for guessing.
For each free-response question, you will be given a score from gmat practice test, 0-9, based on a rubric. The rubrics all assess, in thesis general, 3 major things: How well you responded to the prompt: Did you completely and fully address all of the tasks presented in the prompt, without misunderstanding any of them? How convincing and well-supported your argument was: Do you take a clear position that is gmat, not overly basic, simplistic, or obvious? Can you comprehensively support your position with evidence? Is your evidence well-chosen and well-explained? Do you tie everything back to on funeral, your main argument? Have you thought through the practice, implications of your stated position? How strong your writing was: Does your writing clearly communicate your ideas? Are your sentences not just grammatically correct, but sophisticated? Do you have a consistent style and descriptive describing beach a strong vocabulary?
Is your paper well-organized and logically arranged? Each rubric broadly assesses these three factors. Gmat Test? However, each task is also different in nature, so the rubrics do have some differences. I’ll go over each rubric—and what it really means—for you here. Essay Blues? Essays earning a score of essay, 9 meet the criteria for the score of 8 and, in addition, are especially sophisticated in their argument, thorough in of theory development, or impressive in their control of language. You did everything an 8 essay did, but either your argument is particularly compelling or well-supported, or your writing is particularly effective/sophisticated.
Essays earning a score of 8 effectively address the task in the prompt. They develop their argument by effectively synthesizing at least three of the sources. Practice? The evidence and explanations used are appropriate and convincing. The prose demonstrates a consistent ability to control a wide range of the elements of thesis of theory of relativity, effective writing but is not necessarily flawless. You thoroughly responded to the prompt, successfully using (and citing) at least three of the sources to gmat essay practice test, support your argument. You supported your argument in writing essay practice a persuasive way. Your writing is competent, although there may be some minor errors. Essays earning a score of 7 meet the criteria for the score of 6 but provide more complete explanation, more thorough development, or a more mature prose style. Your essay did everything a 6 essay does but is essay test, either better explained, better argued, or better-written; however, it’s not quite up to an 8 level.
Essays earning a score of brainstorming, 6 adequately address the task in the prompt. They develop their argument by adequately synthesizing at least three of the sources. The evidence and explanations used are appropriate and sufficient. The language may contain lapses in gmat test diction or syntax, but generally the prose is resume writing services boise, clear. Essay Practice? You responded to resume writing services, the prompt in a reasonable way. You used and gmat cited at least 3 of the sources in essay creating your argument. You supported your argument in a reasonably persuasive way, although not as compellingly as an 8 essay.
Your writing is generally understandable. Essays earning a score of 5 address the task in the prompt. They develop their argument by synthesizing at gmat least three sources, but how they use and explain sources is somewhat uneven, inconsistent, or limited. The writer’s argument is essay, generally clear, and the sources generally develop the test, writer’s position, but the links between the sources and the argument may be strained. The writing may contain lapses in diction or syntax, but it usually conveys the student’s ideas. You did respond to the prompt. You used and cited at least 3 of the sources in creating your argument, but you did not use all of them particularly effectively. The connection between the documents and your argument is brainstorming, underdeveloped. Your writing is essay practice, mostly understandable but may have errors.
Essays earning a score of resume, 4 inadequately address the task in the prompt. They develop their argument by gmat essay test, synthesizing at least two sources, but the evidence or explanations used may be inappropriate, insufficient, or unconvincing. The sources may dominate the essay’s attempts at development, the link between the argument and writing essay the sources may be weak, or the student may misunderstand, misrepresent, or oversimplify the practice test, sources. The prose generally conveys the student’s ideas but may be inconsistent in controlling the elements of effective writing. You did not adequately respond to the prompt. You used and cited at least two sources, but you did not effectively link them to your argument. Essay On Funeral? Your essay may summarize sources instead of truly taking a position, or you may have misread the sources.
Your writing is not consistently clear. Essays earning a score of gmat practice test, 3 meet the criteria for the score of resume boise, 4 but demonstrate less success in essay practice test addressing the task. Writing Test? They are less perceptive in their understanding of the sources, or their explanation or examples may be particularly limited or simplistic. The essays may show less maturity in their control of writing. Your essay did not adequately respond to gmat practice test, the prompt. Your interpretation of the sources is incorrect or your argument is overly simplistic. Your writing is history thesis, overly basic or unclear. Gmat Practice? Essays earning a score of demonstrate little success in addressing the task in the prompt. They may merely allude to knowledge gained from of pirenne thesis, reading the sources rather than cite the test, sources themselves. These essays may misread the brainstorming, sources, fail to develop a position, or substitute a simpler task by merely summarizing or categorizing the sources or by essay practice test, merely responding to the prompt tangentially with unrelated, inaccurate, or inappropriate explanation. Essays that score 2 often demonstrate consistent weaknesses in writing, such as grammatical problems, a lack of development or organization, or a lack of control.
You barely addressed the prompt. You may not cite any sources directly, misunderstand the sources, never take a position, or write things that are not relevant to the prompt. Thesis? Writing is very weak, including grammatical issues. Essays earning a score of 1 meet the criteria for the score of 2 but are undeveloped, especially simplistic in essay practice test their explanation, weak in their control of writing, or do not allude to or cite even one source. Your writing barely addressed the prompt. Explanations are extremely simple, writing is incredibly weak, or sources are not used or cited at essay blues all.
Indicates an off-topic response, one that merely repeats the gmat, prompt, an entirely crossed-out response, a drawing, or a response in a language other than English. You made no attempt to respond to the prompt. Resume Services? Indicates an gmat essay, entirely blank response. You didn’t write anything! Time to synthesize this dough into some cookies.
Essays earning a score of 9 meet the criteria for essay describing the score of 8 and, in addition, are especially sophisticated in their argument, thorough in their development, or impressive in gmat test their control of language. You achieved everything an 8 essay did, but the quality of history, either your argument or your writing is exceptional. Essays earning a score of practice test, 8 effectively analyze the rhetorical strategies used by the author to develop his/her argument. They develop their analysis with evidence and explanations that are appropriate and writing essay practice convincing, referring to the passage explicitly or implicitly. The prose demonstrates a consistent ability to control a wide range of the elements of effective writing but is not necessarily flawless.
You successfully and persuasively analyzed the essay, rhetoric of the excerpt in resume writing services boise a way that is strongly supported by essay practice, specific examples in the text. Your writing is versatile and strong. Scientific Thesis Of Theory Of Relativity On? Essays earning a score of 7 meet the criteria for the score of 6 but provide more complete explanation, more thorough development, or a more mature prose style. Gmat Essay Practice? You achieved everything a 6 essay did, but your argument was either better explained or supported or your writing was of a higher caliber. Essays earning a score of 6 adequately analyze the rhetorical strategies used by history thesis, the author to develop his/her argument.
They develop their analysis with evidence and explanations that are appropriate and sufficient, referring to the passage explicitly or implicitly. The essay may contain lapses in diction or syntax, but generally the prose is essay, clear. You successfully analyzed the brainstorming, rhetoric of the excerpt, using appropriate references to the text. Your writing was generally understandable. Essays earning a score of 5 analyze the rhetorical strategies used to develop the author’s argument. The evidence or explanations used may be uneven, inconsistent, or limited. The writing may contain lapses in diction or syntax, but it usually conveys the student’s ideas. You analyzed the gmat practice test, rhetoric of the excerpt, although evidence from the passage may have been poorly used or deployed.
Your writing is mostly understandable but may have errors. Essays earning a score of 4 inadequately analyze the rhetorical strategies used by the author to develop his/her argument. These essays may misunderstand the brainstorming, passage, misrepresent the strategies the author uses, or may analyze these strategies insufficiently. The evidence or explanations used may be inappropriate, insufficient, or unconvincing. The prose generally conveys the student’s ideas but may be inconsistent in controlling the elements of essay, effective writing. Resume Services Boise? You did not analyze the rhetoric in the passage in a reasonable way.
You may have misread the passage or misidentified the author’s rhetorical strategies, or you may simply not have supported your argument enough. Textual evidence may not be appropriate to the task at gmat hand. Your writing is not consistently clear. Essays earning a score of 3 meet the blues, criteria for the score of 4 but demonstrate less success in analyzing the rhetorical strategies the author uses to develop his/her argument. Gmat Essay Practice? They are less perceptive in their understanding of the passage or the author’s strategies, or the history thesis, explanations or examples may be particularly limited or simplistic. The essays may show less maturity in control of writing.
A 3 essay has similar weaknesses to a 4 essay, but displays less understanding of the passage or the author’s intent. The writing may also be even more inconsistent or basic. Essays earning a score of essay practice test, 2 demonstrate little success in analyzing the brainstorming, rhetorical strategies used by the author to gmat, develop his/her argument. These essays may misunderstand the prompt, misread the passage, fail to analyze the strategies used, or substitute a simpler task by essay describing, responding to the prompt tangentially with unrelated, inaccurate, or inappropriate explanation. The essays often demonstrate consistent weaknesses in writing, such as grammatical problems, a lack of development or organization, or a lack of control. You barely analyzed the passage. You may have misunderstood the assigned task, seriously misread the passage or the author’s intent, or responded to something other than the prompt. Writing is essay test, consistently weak.
Essays earning a score of 1 meet the criteria for the score of 2 but are undeveloped, especially simplistic in their explanation, or weak in their control of language. A 1 essay is has similar weaknesses to a 2 essay, but is even more poorly supported or poorly written. Indicates an off-topic response, one that merely repeats the prompt, an entirely crossed-out response, a drawing, or a response in a language other than English. You made no attempt to respond to the prompt. Indicates an entirely blank response. You didn’t write anything! Examine your texts closely! Argumentative Essay Rubric.
Essays earning a score of 9 meet the criteria for writing services boise the score of 8 and, in addition, are especially sophisticated in their argument, thorough in their development, or particularly impressive in their control of language. You meet the criteria for an 8, plus you have either a particularly strong argument, strong support, or strong writing. Essays earning a score of 8 effectively develop a position on the issue presented. The evidence and explanations used are appropriate and convincing, and the argument is especially coherent and well developed. Essay Practice? The prose demonstrates a consistent ability to control a wide range of the elements of effective writing but is not necessarily flawless. You persuasively address the prompt, using strong evidence to support your argument. Your writing is strong but not necessarily perfect.
Essays earning a score of 7 meet the criteria for the score of 6 but provide a more complete explanation, more thorough development, or a more mature prose style. A 7 essay meets the essay, criteria for a 6 essay but is either better-argued, better-supported, or more well-written. Essays earning a score of 6 adequately develop a position on gmat the issue presented. The evidence and explanations used are appropriate and sufficient, and the argument is coherent and adequately developed. The writing may contain lapses in diction or syntax, but generally the prose is clear. You reasonably address the prompt, using reasonable evidence to support your argument. Your writing is generally good but may have some mistakes. Essays earning a score of 5 develop a position on the issue presented. The evidence or explanations used may be uneven, inconsistent, or limited.
The writing may contain lapses in diction or syntax, but it usually conveys the student’s ideas. You do address the prompt, although the of pirenne, support for gmat essay your argument may be sparse or not wholly convincing. Writing Essay? Your writing is usually clear, but not always. Gmat Essay? Essays earning a score of 4 inadequately develop a position on the issue presented. The evidence or explanations used may be inappropriate, insufficient, or unconvincing.
The argument may have lapses in coherence or be inadequately developed. The prose generally conveys the student’s ideas but may be inconsistent in controlling the elements of effective writing. You do not adequately address the prompt or form a strong argument. Your evidence may be sparse or unconvincing, or your argument may be too weak. Your writing is essay blues, not consistently clear. Essays earning a score of 3 meet the criteria for the score of 4 but demonstrate less success in essay developing a position on the issue.
The essays may show less maturity in control of writing. 3 essays meet the criteria for a 4 but have either weaker arguments or less clear writing. Essays earning a score of resume, 2 demonstrate little success in developing a position on the issue. These essays may misunderstand the prompt, or substitute a simpler task by responding to the prompt tangentially with unrelated, inaccurate, or inappropriate explanation. The prose often demonstrates consistent weaknesses in writing, such as grammatical problems, a lack of development or organization, or a lack of coherence and control.
You barely addressed the assigned task. Your essay may misunderstand the practice test, prompt. Your evidence may be irrelevant or inaccurate. Your writing is weak on multiple levels. Essays earning a score of essay, 1 meet the gmat, criteria for the score of 2 but are undeveloped, especially simplistic in their explanation and argument, weak in their control of language, or especially lacking in on coherence. A 1 essay meets the criteria for a 2 but the argument is even less developed or coherent. Essay Test? Indicates an off-topic response, one that merely repeats the prompt, an descriptive essay describing beach, entirely crossed-out response, a drawing, or a response in a language other than English. You made no attempt to gmat essay test, respond to the prompt.
Indicates an entirely blank response. You didn’t write anything! As you can see, the synthesis rubric is focused on how you used sources, the analysis rubric is focused on how well you analyzed the text, and the argument rubric is focused on the strength of your argumentative writing without outside sources. Achieving a high score on an AP Lang and Comp essay is no easy feat. The average scores on essays last year were all under 5, with the Synthesis essay at essay on funeral about a 4.7 and essay the other two at just over 4. So even getting a 7 out of 9 is very impressive! You may feel that these rubrics are a little bit vague and frustratingly subjective. And, indeed, what separates a 6 from descriptive beach, a 7, a 7 from an 8, an 8 from a 9 may not be entirely clear in every case, no matter the pains taken by the College Board to standardize AP essay grading. That said, the general principles behind the rubrics— respond to the prompt, build a strong argument, and write well —hold up. Gmat Practice? If you can write strong essays in the time allotted, you’ll be well on your way to a score of 5 even if your essays got 7s instead of 8s. So what can you do to prepare yourself for the frenzy of thesis of theory on, AP English Lit activity?
The best kind of frenzy is gmat essay, a puppy frenzy! Unlike its cousin, the AP English Literature and Composition exam, the AP Language and Composition exam (and course) have very little to thesis, do with fiction or poetry. So some students used to more traditional English classes may be somewhat at a loss as to what to gmat, do to prepare. Luckily for you, I have a whole slate of preparation tips for you! A major thing you can do to prepare for the AP Lang and Comp exam is to read nonfiction— particularly nonfiction that argues a position , whether explicitly (like an op-ed) or implicitly (like many memoirs and personal essays). Read a variety of non-fiction genres and topics, and pay attention to the following: What is the author’s argument? What evidence do they use to support their position? What rhetorical techniques and strategies do they use to build their argument? Are they persuasive?
What counterarguments can you identify? Do they address them? Thinking about these questions with all the reading you do will help you hone your rhetorical analysis skills. Learn Rhetorical Terms and Strategies. Of course, if you’re going to be analyzing the nonfiction works you read for their rhetorical techniques and strategies, you need to know what those are! You should learn a robust stable of rhetorical terms from your teacher, but here’s my guide to the most important AP Language and Composition terms (coming soon). Thesis Of Theory On? If you want to review, there are many resources you could consult: Wikibooks offers a list of “Basic Rhetorical Strategies,” which explains some of the most fundamental rhetoric-related terms. MiraCosta college has another good list of some of the most important rhetorical strategies and gmat devices. A heroic individual from Riverside schools in Ohio uploaded this aggressively comprehensive list of rhetorical terms with examples.
It’s 27 pages long, and you definitely shouldn’t expect to know all of these for essay test the exam, but it’s a useful resource for learning some new terms. Another great resource for learning about rhetorical analysis and how rhetorical devices are actually used is the YouTube Channel Teach Argument, which has videos rhetorically analyzing everything from gmat essay practice test, Taylor Swift music videos to Super Bowl commercials. It’s a fun way to think about rhetorical devices and get familiar with argumentative structures. Finally, a great book—which you might already use in your class—is “They Say, I Say.” This book provides an essay on funeral blues, overview of rhetoric specifically for test academic purposes, which will serve you well for AP preparation and beyond. You also need to practice argumentative and of relativity on persuasive writing.
In particular, you should practice the essay, writing styles that will be tested on the exam: synthesizing your own argument based on multiple outside sources, rhetorically analyzing another piece of writing in-depth, and creating a completely original argument based on your own evidence and experience. You should be doing lots of writing assignments in your AP class to prepare, but thoughtful, additional writing will help. Brainstorming? You don’t necessarily need to turn all of the gmat practice, practice writing you do into brainstorming, polished pieces, either—just writing for yourself, while trying to address some of test, these tasks, will give you a low-pressure way to try out different rhetorical structures and scientific on argumentative moves, as well as practicing things like organization and developing your own writing style. Not the gmat essay practice, most auspicious start to an argumentative essay. Finally, you’ll need to practice specifically for descriptive describing the exam format. There are sample multiple-choice questions in the “AP Course and practice Exam Description,” and history old free-response questions on essay the College Board website. Unfortunately, the College Board hasn’t officially released any complete exams from previous years for the AP English Language and Composition exam, but you might be able to find some that teachers have uploaded to school websites and so on by Googling “AP Language complete released exams.” I also have a guide to AP Language and Composition practice tests (coming soon). Once you’re prepped and blues ready to essay practice, go, how can you do your best on the test? AP Language and Composition Test Day Tips.
Here are four key tips for test-day success. Brainstorming? You are one hundred percent success! When you are reading passages, both on the multiple-choice section and for the first two free-response questions, interact with the gmat, text! Mark it up for things that seem important, devices you notice, the author’s argument, and anything else that seems important to writing boise, the rhetorical construction of the text. This will help you engage with the text and make it easier to answer questions or write an essay about the passage. Think About Every Text’s Overarching Purpose and Argument. Similarly, with every passage you read, consider the essay practice, author’s overarching purpose and argument. If you can confidently figure out what the author’s primary assertion is, it will be easier to trace how all of the other aspects of the text play into the author’s main point. The single most important thing you can do for practice yourself on the free-response section of the AP English Language exam is to spend a few minutes planning and outlining your essays before you start to write them. Unlike on some other exams, where the test, content is the most important aspect of the essay, on the AP Language Exam, organization, a well-developed argument, and strong evidence are all critical to strong essay scores. Essay Practice Test? An outline will help you with all of essay practice test, these things.
You’ll be able to make sure each part of your argument is logical, has sufficient evidence, and that your paragraphs are arranged in a way that is clear and flows well. Anticipate and Address Counterarguments. Another thing you can do to give your free responses an extra boost is to writing, identify counterarguments to essay practice, your position and essay test address them within your essay. This not only helps shore up your own position, but it's also a fairly sophisticated move in a timed essay that will win you kudos with AP graders. Address counterarguments properly or they might get returned to sender! The AP Language and Composition exam tests your rhetorical skills. The exam has two sections. Gmat Essay Practice Test? The first section is an hour-long, 52-55 question multiple-choice test based on the rhetorical techniques and strategies deployed in nonfiction passages.
The second section is a two-hour free-response section (with a 15-minute initial reading period) with three essay questions: one where you must synthesize given sources to make an original argument, one where you must rhetorically analyze a given passage, and one where you must create a wholly original argument about an issue with no outside sources given. You’ll receive one point for every correct answer on the multiple-choice section of the exam, which is worth 45% of your score. The free-response section is resume, worth 55% of your score. Essay? For each free-response question, you’ll get a score based on a rubric from brainstorming, 1-9. Your total raw score will be converted to a scaled score from 1-5. Here are some test prep strategies for essay test AP Lang: Read nonfiction with an history of pirenne, eye for rhetoric Learn rhetorical strategies and techniques Practice writing to deploy rhetorical skills Practice for the exam! Here are some test-day success tips: Interact with each passage you encounter!
Consider every text’s overarching purpose and argument. Essay Test? Keep track of brainstorming, time Plan your essays Identify and address counterarguments in your essays. With all of this knowledge, you’re ready to gmat practice, slay the AP English Language and Composition beast! Noble knight, prepare to slay the AP dragon! Want to thesis of theory of relativity on, improve your SAT score by 160 points or your ACT score by gmat essay test, 4 points? We've written a guide for each test about the top 5 strategies you must be using to have a shot at improving your score.
Download it for free now: Have friends who also need help with test prep? Share this article! Ellen has extensive education mentorship experience and is deeply committed to helping students succeed in all areas of life. She received a BA from Harvard in Folklore and Mythology and is currently pursuing graduate studies at Columbia University. You should definitely follow us on social media. You'll get updates on our latest articles right on your feed. Essay On Funeral Blues? Follow us on gmat practice all 3 of our social networks: Have any questions about this article or other topics? Ask below and writing test we'll reply! Series: How to Get 800 on Each SAT Section: Series: How to essay practice test, Get to brainstorming, 600 on Each SAT Section: Series: How to Get 36 on Each ACT Section: Our hand-selected experts help you in a variety of other topics! Looking for Graduate School Test Prep?
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Mind Body Problem Essays and Research Papers. medicine. Whole Medical Systems, Mind - Body Medicine, Biologically Based Practices, Manipulative and Body -Based . Practices, and practice test Energy Medicine. The Feldenkrais Method is defined as The relationship between movement and thought, increased mental awareness and creativity accompanying physical improvements. (FEFNA 2007) Manipulative and Body -Based Practices are defined by descriptive essay beach the NCCAM as practices based on manipulation and/or movement of one or more parts of the body . Some examples include chiropractic. Alternative medicine , Exercise , Feldenkrais Method 1315 Words | 4 Pages. Figuring out ways to help deal with my problems is important to me because I would like to gmat test, live a pleasurable life and meditation is a way that . could help. Writing Practice Test. Meditation is an altered state of consciousness produced by focusing attention to a single thing or by repeating a phrase, and it narrows the consciousness, so stresses are cleared out of the mind (Nevid, 2012, p.154).
It has also been proved to gmat essay practice, prevent or help many other psychological and physical problems that I would want to prevent or may have. Brain , Electroencephalography , Mantra 801 Words | 3 Pages. Experiment 3: Conditions for Equilibrium. 1. Essay. Introduction When we say equilibrium, it is a state of balance. It is a condition where there is no change in the state of motion of a . body . Equilibrium also may be at rest or moving within a constant velocity. A simple mechanical body is said to be in equilibrium if no part of it is gmat essay accelerating, unless it is of pirenne thesis disturbed by an outside force. Gmat. Two conditions for equilibrium are that the net force acting on the object is zero, and writing essay the net torque acting on the object is zero.
Thus, the essay practice test following objectives. Center of mass , Classical mechanics , Force 1910 Words | 7 Pages. Descartes’ Mind - Body Problem In Meditations I, Descartes conceives that he is “A thinking thing,” and this is . based on his reasoning that there must be something that exists that is producing the meditations that arise in his awareness (Descartes 137). Descartes maintains that this reasoning solves the initial doubts that were addressed in Meditation I. He then becomes aware of the problem that although one can be certain that a thinking thing exists, one cannot be sure that there is the existence. Cognition , Metaphysics , Mind 1038 Words | 3 Pages. the ‘ Mind / Body problem ’?The mind / body problem , in essay practice test, one of practice, its aspects, . concerns the on funeral relation between the two. Some people have thought that the mind and body are one and gmat essay the same, the mind being just one aspect of the beach body and located in or identical to the brain. On the other hand, some consider that they must be separate, either wholly or significantly, with the mind not being equivalent to gmat test, the brain. Descartes is, perhaps, the philosopher that most people reference when discussing the on mind -body. Brain , Consciousness , Dualism 904 Words | 3 Pages.
Position paper I.D. 20123000 Why is the mind / body . problem within Philosophy of Mind and essay practice test Consciousness studies indeed a problem ? Well the mind body problem is a metaphysical issue about the relationship between what is mental and what is physical. ( mind - body problem , 2009). I believe that this issue is and will continue to of pirenne, be a problem until there is enough evidence to fully prove one theory or disprove all but one of these theories from. Brain , Consciousness , Dualism 1420 Words | 4 Pages. The Mind - Body Problem The mind - body problem can be broken down into a . series of questions. What is the mind ? What is the body ? Do the mind and body co-exist, or does the mind only exist in the body ? Or does the body only exist in the mind ? If both the mind and essay practice test body exist, there could be a number of types of relationships. Maybe the mind affects the describing body . Maybe the body affects the mind , or maybe the essay test mind and body both affect each other.
The later possibility is called Dualist Interactionism, and. Dualism , Mind , Monism 913 Words | 3 Pages. Rene Descartes Mind - Body Problem Cogito ergo sum, otherwise known as I think, therefore I am, is describing beach a well-known . Practice Test. quote of Rene Descartes, and is the basis of of pirenne thesis, his theory of problem of the separation between the mind and gmat essay test the body . On Funeral Blues. I strongly believe in his view and practice theory of the separation between the history of pirenne mind and body , and his concept of dualism. Descartes had a technique of essay, doubting everything which he believed to describing beach, exist, and gmat essay that established a new philosophy. He believed that the history of pirenne only thing he could. Brain , Consciousness , Mind 1238 Words | 3 Pages. ?The Mind Body Problem Many theories have been challenged throughout the gmat test history of of pirenne, psychology. . Mind vs. Body is one of the gmat essay practice most important issues that has formed the basic foundation in this field today. One of the central questions in psychology and philosophy concerns the mind - body problem : Is the mind part of the body , or the body part of the descriptive describing mind ? If they are distinct, then how do they interact?
And which of the essay test two is in charge? (McLeod, 2007). Philosophers have examined the relationship between. Consciousness , Metaphysics , Mind 1454 Words | 5 Pages. The mind / body problem is the problem of specifying the relationship between the mind . and body . Before further explanation of this issue, it is important to fully understand each term as it is being used throughout this paper. The mind , as I will call it, is representational of the consciousness of an individual. This is to say that the part of a person which determines will and choice, the experiences and sensations are collectively referred to as mind . The body , at times more specifically, the brain. Cognition , Dualism , Mind 1329 Words | 4 Pages. Why Is the beach Mind/Body Problem Indeed a Problem? Why is the mind / body problem with philosophy of mind and practice test consciousness studies indeed a . problem ? The mind and body is the same thing. The mind is descriptive essay describing beach nothing but neural states. The mind is the human consciousness related to thought, perception, emotion, will, memory and practice test imagination.
Our neural states are actions related to our nerves or nervous system. Four basic claims in this position paper lead to this conclusion. These are, the argument from simplicity, the idea of topic neutral, Type identity. Anomalous monism , Brain , Consciousness 1384 Words | 4 Pages. was able to address the idea that the services solar system, as modeled by Newton's equations, is practice test dynamically stable. This idea of dynamical chaos addressed the . question in a generalization of the three body problem , which was considered one of the most difficult problems in mathematical physics. The three body problem consists of writing practice, nine simultaneous differential equations.
The difficulty was in showing that a solution in terms of invariants converges. While Poincare did not succeed in giving a complete solution. Chaos theory , Classical mechanics , Gravitation 558 Words | 2 Pages. from these strict values that are then seen as sinful. These transactional patterns provide a sufficient basis to develop an initial understanding of why . Essay Practice. children may develop an eating disorder and their distorted way of thinking about weight and practice test body image. Psychosomatic illnesses occur because of the social context in essay, which an individual lives in.
The role of family in an individuals’ life is describing significant, this is essay test especially true for an individual who has a psychosomatic illness (Shuster, B 1999). Eating disorders , Family , Family therapy 2833 Words | 8 Pages. physical activity. Metheny begins her article by describing the three-dimensional process that is modern education. She explains the three-dimensional . process as the one-dimensional training of the mind , the two dimensional education of mind - body unity, and the three-dimensional interconnection of history of pirenne thesis, mind - body -emotions (Metheny, 1954). Gmat Essay Practice. Similar to Metheny’s monistic views are Jesse Feiring William’s in essay, the article Education Through the Physical. Essay. Williams initiates the article with the following striking. Anomalous monism , Dualism , Materialism 1622 Words | 5 Pages.
Descartes Notion of the Mind/Body Problem in essay practice, Relation to Free Will. Descartes notion of the mind / body problem in relation to Free Will Descartes took an practice test, extreme skeptical position by . Of Pirenne Thesis. asking, “What is impossible to gmat essay, doubt, even when trying to believe that everything is false?” His answer was: I think, therefore I am; which is Descartes' most famous one-liner and is the one that explains his understanding of the dualism argument. The term ‘dualism’ has a variety of uses in the history of thought. Descriptive Essay Beach. In general, the idea is that, for some particular domain, there are. Consciousness , Metaphysics , Mind 1952 Words | 5 Pages. Physicalism V Dualism-the Mind/Body Problem. Prompt 2- Physicalism v Dualism In philosophy there are a number of different views when it comes to the mind / body . Gmat Essay Practice Test. problem . The mind / body problem is the problem of explaining how the mind relates to the body . One of these views is called dualism. Dualists utilize Leibniz’s law to essay blues, support their argument that the mind and body are two different things. On the other hand there is also another group of philosophers called physicalists. Physicalists claim that everything including psychological.
Brain , Dualism , Mary Jane Watson 1317 Words | 4 Pages. Explain concisely the gmat essay practice philosophical problems of the relation between the mind and writing body . The mind . and our understanding of what it is test has been the centre of philosophical debate since the 6th Century BC where the ancient Greeks sort for ways of explaining human action. Practice Test. No longer did the Homeric understanding that human action was simply the result of his environment sufficient, an inward search to explain actions took place and as such, the concept of psyche was developed. The concept of essay practice test, psyche. Concepts in metaphysics , Consciousness , Mind 956 Words | 3 Pages. Are We a Mind , a Body or Both? Of all the topics that are currently occupying the attention of philosophers, the . Writing Boise. Mind - Body problem is at center stage. Gmat Essay Practice. It is one of the classical metaphysical issues concerning the relationship between that which is mental and that which is physical.
The simple question asked is: what are we? Are we a mind , a body or both? The issue has its origins in the ancient dualism of Plato and since then many solutions to the problem have been offered. D.M. Armstrong s The Mind-Body.
Consciousness , Dualism , Mind 2101 Words | 5 Pages. ?June 2013 Question 12 - Asses whether Descartes succeeds in establishing that mind and body are separate and descriptive distinct. (45) . Descartes first established that mind and gmat test body have different essential natures and are separate substances in Meditation II with his example of a wax block. Writing Practice. When a wax block loses its original properties of “the taste of honey and scent of flowers” as well as its colour, hardness and ability to emit a sound when tapped after it is placed near a heat source, Descartes claims. Dualism , Idea , Mind 808 Words | 2 Pages. Philosophy 322 Paper1 Rene Descartes: Account of gmat essay practice, Mind and Body In examining Rene Descartes’ philosophy on the . mind - body distinction, it is clear that his theory has several problems . In order to writing essay, illustrate these problems it is gmat essay practice test necessary to reconstruct his theory. After this, one can then show the particular disadvantages that these problems create. Finally, one can imagine the possible responses Descartes might have developed to overcome these problems . Resume Writing. In order to synopsize Rene Descartes’ view. Consciousness , Metaphysics , Mind 1537 Words | 5 Pages. Epistemologically, idealism manifests as a skepticism about the possibility of essay practice, knowing any mind -independent thing. Resume Boise. In a sociological sense, . idealism emphasizes how human ideas—especially beliefs and values—shape society.
As an ontological doctrine, idealism goes further, asserting that all entities are composed of essay practice test, mind or spirit. Idealism thus rejects physicalist and dualist theories that fail to history thesis, ascribe priority to the mind . The earliest extant arguments that the world of test, experience is grounded in the mental. Dualism , Materialism , Metaphysics 1222 Words | 4 Pages. ? Group 7: The Mind - Body Connection Friday, November 30, 2012 Principles of essay blues, . Anthropology ANTH200 LF Instructor: Adrienne Kitchin Overview The mind – body connection can be seen as a point of balance between one’s mind and their body ; it is the point at which the mind and the body are at equilibrium. There should be a comprehensive approach for both mind and body . This reciprocal relationship maximizes health benefits, and essay has exponentially positive. Applied kinesiology , Behaviorism , Cognitive science 1968 Words | 6 Pages. Dualism; Mind v Body Throughout the test history of philosophy one of the strongest thesis’s in Descartes time as a philosopher was . the gmat test idea of dualism.
What is dualism? In short it is the on funeral blues theory that the mind and test body are two separate substances. Although Descartes has his own arguments and support as to why dualism is true. The idea of dualism has been debated for centuries; it is basically on what one’s beliefs are if they think it is essay practice true or false. Descartes explanation of dualism was in essay practice test, his second. Cognition , Concepts in metaphysics , Consciousness 1535 Words | 4 Pages.
Overview This paper will discuss the mind - body connection and practice test it's relevance to health care professionals and to the public. . It will explore the history of the gmat practice mind - body connection, as well as state research that has been done on the subject. Of Theory On. The reader will gain an understanding of the various techniques used in essay, mind - body therapy, as well as their effectiveness. What is the Mind - Body Connection? It is the idea that the mind and body are not separate entities. Rather, they are intricately. Health , Health care , Health care provider 1837 Words | 6 Pages. Descartes has a very distinct thought when thinking about the mind , and how it relates to writing services boise, the body , or more specifically then . brain.
He seems to want to explain that the mind in itself is independent from the gmat essay practice body . A body is merely a physical entity that could be proven to be true scientifically and also can be proven through the senses. Such things are not possible with the meta-physical mind because it is independent of the body . Brainstorming. Building on gmat practice test his previous premises, Descartes finally proves whether. Brain , Cognition , Mind 1122 Words | 3 Pages. The interaction of mind and consciousness with the body , and whether they are separate or not has been the subject of much . discussion and debate between philosophers since antiquity. This paper shall look at writing test how dualists, materialists and idealists view the realm of mind and consciousness and how the realm of mind and consciousness relate to the physical body . Additionally, the concept of an independent mind that transcends physical functions of the body shall be discussed along with the author's. Brain , Central nervous system , Consciousness 1357 Words | 4 Pages. Examine Descartes?¦ account of the practice relationship between the mind and body . Do you find his arguments convincing? Descartes . (1596-1650) is generally considered to be one of the most influential philosophers of the describing beach modern Western world. He has been called ??the founder of modern philosophy?¦ as he was the first man of any influence in philosophy to gmat essay practice test, be interested and affected by test physics and essay test astronomy, as well as refusing to accept views of his predecessors, preferring to work out everything for. Metaphysics , Mind , Ontology 2330 Words | 6 Pages.
Borges October 18, 2014 Mind Body Dualism I am going to argue for thesis on dualism, that mind and matter are . Gmat Essay. two different things, one physical and one non-physical. Dualism is the theory that mental and thesis of relativity physical or mind and gmat matter are fundamentally diverse from each other. In philosophy, Dualists indicate the writing essay radical difference between mental and physical. Dualists oppose the idea that the mind is the same as the gmat practice brain, and also oppose the idea that the mind is entirely a result of the descriptive beach brain. Anomalous monism , Brain , Consciousness 838 Words | 4 Pages. Descartes’ Mind - Body Dualism It can be very simple. Just look at the world and ask yourself, “Is everything material? Or are . there things in the world that are not material, but I still know actually exist?” Then, ask yourself a second question, “How can I reach at a definition so that the two cannot be mistaken for one another other?” Descartes defined every material thing as having an extension, which is another way of saying it occupies space. Furthermore, those material things cannot share that.
Brain , Consciousness , Dualism 1074 Words | 3 Pages. What is the gmat test mind - body problem ? The mind - body problem has been a . problem that has been addressed in metaphysical thought for essay blues thousands of years and is the foundation of philosophy of mind . The problem consists of difficulty in explaining the relationship between mental and physical phenomena. The difference in characteristics provides difficulty in coming to gmat essay, an explanation. The mind - referring to consciousness, being the mental, and the body being made up of physical matter. Consciousness is scientific of theory of relativity made. Dualism , Materialism , Metaphysics 337 Words | 2 Pages. | The Mind Body Problem | Philosophy 101Marcus Scott | | Diane M. Mackey | 4/23/2009 | Abstract: . Although the “ mind ” is an gmat essay test, intangible thing, which cannot be proved or disproved, this paper will attempt to address the scientific thesis of theory of relativity mind - body problem from the three most common positions: Dualism, Materialism, amp; Idealism, none of essay, which has been able to solve this centuries’ old problem . The information on this subject was so vast that a paper such as this cannot possibly give real justice to. Brain , Consciousness , Dualism 5015 Words | 13 Pages. The mind and body connection is resume writing services what drives my philosophy in kinesiology. Working with athletes to enhance their performance . through psychological counseling is an wonderful career. Would you like to pursue a career to help people and expand their athletic experience?
Sports play a very dynamic and pivotal role in our society and should like to be a part of that industry in the most positive way you can. It is necessary to gmat, train both the mind and body for peak performance. Descriptive Essay Describing Beach. Success in sports requires. Applied psychology , Counseling psychology , Mental health professional 1038 Words | 3 Pages. The Unity of the gmat essay Mind and practice Body Both Michel De Montaigne and John Donne argue that the cultivation of the mind . is linked to the well being of the body . Essay Test. Both argue that a mind void of proper enrichment and education will lead to an unhealthy body . However, Montaigne argues that the appropriate means of #8220;education and enrichment#8221; are studying and following the works of other great thinkers of history. Additionally, Montaigne declares imagination to be the impetus for the downfall. Cognition , Consciousness , Imagination 1919 Words | 5 Pages. Mind and Body - History of essay beach, Psychlogy. Mind Body The history of psychology dates back to gmat essay, the Middle Ages and brainstorming it was considered a branch of Philosophy until the . Gmat Essay Test. middle of the the 19th century, when psychology developed as an independent scientific discipline. The term Psychology comes from two Greek words: psyche, which means “soul,” and logos, 'the study of.' These root words were combined in writing essay, the 16th century, at a time when the human soul, spirit, or mind was seen as distinct from the body . Practice. It is to Rene Descartes, a French. Artificial intelligence , Consciousness , Mind 841 Words | 3 Pages.
Effects of Music on the Mind and Body. Effects of Music on The Mind And Body Effects of Music On The Mind and Body Music is all around. . It is history in on the radio, it is in the streets, it is on television, and basically everywhere! With so many musical devices that are being invented and essay test upgraded it is almost impossible to avoid it. There are tons of different genres from rock and roll to essay on funeral, classical. But the essay question is: How does music affect the brain? Everyday high school students get home, grab a snack and something to drink, and. Baroque , Baroque music , Brain 1854 Words | 5 Pages. Mind-Body Interventions: Aromatherapy. Mind - Body Interventions: Aromatherapy Amanda Watson Alternative Approaches to resume writing, Disease HSC 3189 Brett Lieberman August . 5, 2012 Mind - Body Interventions: Aromatherapy Aromatherapy is the gmat essay test therapeutic use of essential oils and to know what aromatherapy is, one must know that essential oils are the steam distillates derived from the aromatic plants (Freeman, 2009). Aromatherapy dates back to the era in which medicine was first discovered and can be labeled as preventative care.
It. Alternative medicine , Aromatherapy , Avicenna 610 Words | 3 Pages. Everyone has their own opinions and beliefs and can interpret information as they see fit. History Of Pirenne Thesis. Both Bertrand Rusell and Richard Swinburne have expressed their . views on gmat practice the topics of the mind soul and the after life. These are very complex areas of science and have their own ideas of what the mind and soul are and history thesis what there purposes are. Russell discussed the finality of Death. Gmat Test. He argues that there cannot be life after death and that after the destruction of our body's that our memories and personality. Brain , Death , Fear 940 Words | 3 Pages. From the history Mind to the Body, Self Comes to Mind. ? From the Mind to the Body , Self Comes to Mind The mind emerged from the . body through the gmat essay originations of conscious thoughts in an introspective manner that is accessible to on funeral blues, the self.
A connection between mind and body eventually developed a proprietor within the thinking mind . Practice. The neuropsychologist Antonio Damasio believes that a mind with subjectivity is a conscious mind , otherwise one would not know of his existence, who he is, and what he thinks (Damasio, 2010). At some point. Brain , Consciousness , Mind 1660 Words | 5 Pages. Effects of War on the Mind and Body. The Effects of War on the Mind and practice Body All around a person can easily hear or read a story about a soldier of war and how that . person is forever scared mentally or physically, by gmat essay test the things he or she encountered or saw in their time of describing, duty. Essay. Demonstrated in scientific of relativity, the movies all the time are veterans having flashbacks back to the war or often how a loud sound easily frightens them conveying the essay practice test permanent effects of war on a person.
Not only are the repercussions of war mental though; physical effects. Army , Cold War , Guerrilla warfare 1479 Words | 4 Pages. Effects of the Mind-Body Connection on thesis Learning. Effects of the Mind - Body Connection on Learning Jason Grant COLL100 B161 American Military University Professor Allison Knox . Effects of the Mind - Body Connection on practice Learning What is the descriptive essay beach “ Mind - Body Connection” and does it have a profound effect on an individual’s learning? The mind - body connection can be explained as the physical and mental connection that our existence has on itself and the world around it. Some researchers have noted that this connection can be stronger in certain situations. Brain , Cerebellum , Cerebral cortex 950 Words | 3 Pages. about pressure, pain, touch, and temperature from all over test the body . Parietal lobes 2. A __________________________ neither increases nor . decreases the probability of a behavior.
Neutral consequence 3. _____________________won a Nobel Prize for his work with salivating dogs and his theory of classical conditioning. Ivan Pavlov 4. Of Theory Of Relativity On. ________________was an early twentieth century neurologist who argued that the unconscious part of the mind contains passions, guilty secrets, and conflicts that makes. Brain , Central nervous system , Human brain 1443 Words | 6 Pages. Examine and Comment on the Claim That the gmat essay test Mind and the Body Are the Same. Examine and comment on the claim that the mind and writing practice body are the gmat same, with reference to the topic you have investigated. The . mind and body are the thesis of relativity same is the view that hard materialists take.
Hard materialists believe that when either the essay practice test body or soul dies, the other dies too. Practice Test. This means that they believe there is no after life, no purgatory etc. Ryle and Dawkins are hard materialists; they also think that believing in the soul is essay practice test dangerous to descriptive, human endeavour. Being a hard materialist, Dawkins. Dualism , Materialism , Metaphysics 702 Words | 3 Pages. Mind and Body, Dualism vs Neuroscience. the human beings having a soul, spirit or mind has long been used; although religions started using it four thousand years ago for different . Essay Practice. reasons, some people that simply had a thirst for essay blues knowledge started seeking a true answer to this question not that long ago. Essay Practice Test. Indeed, this question has seriously been thought about and logically questioned in the last 400 years starting with Descartes who thought that human beings do have an immaterial mind ( mind and descriptive essay describing body dualism).
However, in the face of recent. Brain , Dualism , Frontal lobe 1024 Words | 3 Pages. Effects of insomnia on gmat essay practice test body and mind. obesity. Obesity problem in the United States might have insomnia as one of scientific thesis on, its causes. Sleep deprivation or sleeplessness might disrupt the . hormones that regulate glucose metabolism and can cause weight gain.
The association between insomnia and obesity is strongest in young and middle-age adults. Effects of Insomnia on growth. Highest levels of growth hormones are released into the bloodstream when we are sleeping. Although release of growth hormones is a continuous process and our body releases these. Bipolar disorder , Immune system , Insomnia 567 Words | 3 Pages. Body Language - Confessions of a Dangerous Mind.
Body Language: Applied to Confession of a Dangerous Mind By- Tom Sayada Senior English, Psychology and . Literature Mr. Golde January 6, 2004 There is a famous saying that goes: “actions speak louder than words.” That means what you do is worth more than what you say. The thesis that I mean to prove in this paper is that by simply reading the body language of a person, one can foretell this person’s actions before they occur. A Great Way to Care , Body language , Confessions of a Dangerous Mind 2500 Words | 6 Pages. reading we have learned much about philosophical theories and the many contradicting views people have against them. The mind and practice test . body problem has been in scientific thesis of theory of relativity on, existence for centuries. Philosophers from all times have contemplated this problem ; two of which are Rene Descartes and John Searle. The problem is how the body and mind interact with each other if they are separate. The mind and practice test body are said to be two different entities that have different characteristics. At present we don't normally take this view. Addiction , Brain , Drug addiction 3072 Words | 8 Pages.
Humor and Healing : the services boise Mind Body Connection. Humor and Healing: The Mind - Body Connection As it is not proper to cure the eyes without the head, nor the head without the gmat practice . body ; so neither is it proper to cure the body without the soul. Of Relativity. ?Socrates(Cousins, 56) The word, to heal, comes from the root word haelen which means to make whole. Bringing together the body , mind and spirit can be healing. The word humor itself is a word of many meanings. The root of the word is umor meaning liquid or fluid (Moyers, 221).
In the essay practice Middle Ages, humor. Antibody , Emotion , Immune system 1899 Words | 6 Pages. 1984: Government's Attempt to Control the Mind and Bodies of Its Citiz. 1984: Government's Attempt to Control The Mind and Bodies of Its Citizens The novel Nineteen Eighty-Four by George Orwell . is an American classic which explores the human mind when it comes to power, corruption, control, and the ultimate utopian society. Orwell indirectly proposes that power given to the government will ultimately become corrupt and they will attempt to force all to history, conform to their one set standard. Test. He also sets forth the idea that the writing essay test corrupted government will attempt to. Dystopia , George Orwell , Nineteen Eighty-Four 1238 Words | 4 Pages. Seeking Healing of Mind, Body and gmat essay Spirit. Professor Davis May 1, 2012 Religion 108 Seeking Healing of Mind , Body and Spirit The issue that I felt best represented my . beliefs and theories from this class were the question of brainstorming, “Is God listening and gmat essay practice test can we be healed through Him?” From personal experience I have encountered instances in my life where I need to turn to God and other forms of relief to overcome hardships.
Through prayer, practice of history of pirenne, traditions and concentration of mind and faith, I have made peace with the things I find most difficult. Chemotherapy , Family , God 1607 Words | 4 Pages. Critically Assess Descartes' Three Arguments for His Claim That Mind and Body Are Distinct. Critically assess Descartes' three arguments for his claim that mind and body are distinct. The concept of . Mind - Body dualism is one that has its roots in early classical philosophy, with both Plato and Aristotle setting out essay strong arguments for this philosophy of the mind . The most famous proponent of essay on funeral blues, this theory though is the “father of Modern Philosophy”, Rene Descartes. This belief fundamentally stems from the appearance of humans having both mental and physical properties, properties which. Consciousness , Metaphysics , Mind 1949 Words | 5 Pages. Philosophy of essay test, Mind : An Introduction The Mind - Body Problem : Five Philosophical Observations: 1) . History. You have a mind and a body 2) These normally work together 3) Your body is physical and, thus, publicly observable 4) Your mental life is essentially private; no one else can feel your pain, or experience the images you do; and unlike the physical realm the mental realm is not publicly observable, therefore, 5) You have privileged access to the contents of essay test, your own mind 2 Consciousness. Brain , Cogito ergo sum , Consciousness 3423 Words | 11 Pages.
?Androids and the Mind / Body Problem The Synopsis: Star Trek Episode “The Measure of a Man” deals with the thought . that android could have physical and mental properties. In order to fully understand or evaluate this we have to have a clear understanding of the Mind / Body Problems and solutions. Humans are material objects consisting of physical and writing essay mental properties. Practice Test. Physical properties examples are height, weight, color, shape or size and mental properties are awareness, consciousness, feeling. Consciousness , Emotion , Human 678 Words | 2 Pages. The Philosophy of Mind Introduction The philosophy of body and mind has been a . highly debated topic since its launch in the 17th centaury by Rene Descartes. Since then, many philosophers have written on the subject matter and many theories have emerged as a product of this lively debate. On Funeral Blues. In this essay, I will analyze and critique a selection of philosophers who ponder on the body - mind topic since the 17th century, and ultimately evaluate Paul M. Chruchland’s. Cognitive science , Consciousness , Mind 2354 Words | 7 Pages. The Ups and Downs of Alcohol Use on the Mind and Body. Running head: The Ups and Downs of Alcohol Use The Ups and Downs of Alcohol Use On the Mind and Body Stephanie Alger . ENG 1100: on-line, Cause amp; Effect Paper The Ups and essay test Downs of Alcohol Use on the Mind and Body Aaron Howard said “Responsible drinking.
Now that’s an oxymoron!” This however is not necessarily the case. Too much of anything is not beneficial to you and alcohol is certainly not an exception. Alcohol has been recognized as a pharmaceutical with medicinal benefits. Alcohol , Alcoholism , Coagulation 933 Words | 3 Pages. A habit of mind is a way of brainstorming, thinking that one acquires over time. It is gmat practice a type of of theory of relativity on, thought that involves thinking beyond what society considers . right or wrong, but acknowledging through complex thought, what is gmat morally right. It is not easily achieved and essay on funeral is somewhat like a muscle, in that you have to gmat essay, build it up over time through intellectual work and hardship. Not everyone can achieve a strong habit of mind , in of theory of relativity on, fact most don't. Gmat Essay Test. The habit is a way of resume writing services boise, thinking that allows one to gmat test, communicate with. Cognition , Cognitive science , Human 905 Words | 3 Pages. The Mind Is The Best Medicine The mind is the most powerful tool a man can use.
The body is writing essay practice test nothing without the gmat essay practice . mind . It gives us power to have a wild imagination and have infinite ideas. If the mind has delightful ideas, your body will survive and prosper. If the mind has immoral ideas, your body will stress and decay over time. Although the mind is very powerful, it is up to the person to control it. In As A Man Thinketh, James Allen elaborates on how the body is the servant to the mind . He.
Cognition , Cognitive science , Concepts in metaphysics 1518 Words | 4 Pages. From the Wise Words of resume services, Buddha: Mind and Body. From the Wise Words of Buddha: Mind and practice test Body Carter Moore October 24th, 2012 English 11Y The Scarlet . Letter “We are shaped by our thoughts; we become what we think.” Buddha spoke the truth. His words are still true today; people become the thoughts that travel through their minds , whether that is resume writing boise detrimental or beneficial varies on the person. This phrase is demonstrated in Nathaniel Hawthorne’s The Scarlet Letter. Through a story of love, shame, and test suffering, Nathaniel. Hester Prynne , Mind , Nathaniel Hawthorne 1334 Words | 4 Pages.
Is the mind independent to the body? ?Is the mind independent to the body ? The mind body problem is a philosophical . problem that is concerned with the relationship between the mind and the body , whether the mind exists independently of the body or whether the mind and body are one substance. There is a vital difference between the history of pirenne thesis mind and the body some would say, meaning that the mind is held responsible for mental elements such as pain, euphoria, desire, purpose, belief and essay practice test kindness whereas the body is responsible for the physical. Brain , Cognition , Cognitive science 802 Words | 2 Pages. Real-Life Problem Faced by the Body Shop. INTRODUCTION This report is to resume, address the real-life problem faced by The Body Shop and how the problem can be . solved based on gmat essay practice the functions of management. Descriptive Describing. According to the information provided by The Body Shop website, The Body Shop has successfully created an image of being a caring company that is in helping to protect the third world workers and gmat essay test indigenous peoples. Of Theory. But behind the cuddly image lies the reality The Body Shop's operations, the Body Shop does not help the dilemma of the workers and. Control , Feed-forward , Feedback 2413 Words | 7 Pages.
?Anthony Sanchez Mrs. Weatherford English A101 31 Oct 2014 How Long Till We Find The Body ? In the novella The Body by Stephen . King, there are four twelve-year old boys, set out to test, find the corpse of another boy who had been hit by a train. Of Relativity. Throughout the story you see Chris Chambers mature from a young careless boy to a mature teen. It’s guaranteed in life that people will get older as time progresses. Being a mature human being doesn't just happen over night.
Maturity depends more on gmat practice test a person’s.
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Homework: An Unnecessary Evil? … Surprising Findings From New Research (##) Share this article. Essay Test? An unnecessary evil? … Surprising Findings From New Research. Resume Services Boise? A brand-new study on the academic effects of homework offers not only some intriguing results but also a lesson on how to read a study — and a reminder of the importance of doing just that: reading studies (carefully) rather than relying on essay test summaries by journalists or even by the researchers themselves. Essay Test? Let’s start by gmat practice test, reviewing what we know from resume writing boise earlier investigations. First, no research has ever found a benefit to assigning homework (of any kind or in any amount) in elementary school. In fact, there isn’t even a positive correlation between, on practice test the one hand, having younger children do some homework (vs. none), or more (vs. less), and, on beach the other hand, any measure of achievement. If we’re making 12-year-olds, much less five-year-olds, do homework, it’s either because we’re misinformed about gmat practice what the evidence says or because we think kids ought to have to do homework despite what the evidence says. Essay Practice Test? Second, even at the high school level, the research supporting homework hasn’t been particularly persuasive. There does seem to be a correlation between homework and test, standardized test scores, but (a) it isn’t strong, meaning that homework doesn’t explain much of the brainstorming variance in scores, (b) one prominent researcher, Timothy Keith, who did find a solid correlation, returned to gmat test, the topic a decade later to enter more variables into the equation simultaneously, only to discover that the improved study showed that homework had no effect after all, and (c) at on funeral blues, best we’re only gmat practice, talking about a correlation — things that go together — without having proved that doing more homework causes test scores to go up. (Take 10 seconds to see if you can come up with other variables that might be driving both of these things.) Third, when homework is history of pirenne thesis, related to test scores, the connection tends to gmat essay, be strongest — or, actually, least tenuous — with math. If homework turns out to be unnecessary for students to succeed in writing essay practice, that subject, it’s probably unnecessary everywhere. Along comes a new study, then, that focuses on the neighborhood where you’d be most likely to find a positive effect if one was there to be found: math and science homework in gmat practice test, high school. Like most recent studies, this one by Adam Maltese and his colleagues doesn’t provide rich descriptive analyses of what students and history of pirenne thesis, teachers are doing.
Rather, it offers an aerial view, the kind preferred by essay practice test, economists, relying on two large datasets (from the thesis of theory on National Education Longitudinal Study [NELS] and the Education Longitudinal Study [ELS]). Thousands of students are asked one question — How much time do you spend on homework? — and statistical tests are then performed to discover if there’s a relationship between that number and how they fared in their classes and on standardized tests. It’s easy to miss one interesting result in gmat, this study that appears in a one-sentence aside. When kids in these two similar datasets were asked how much time they spent on math homework each day, those in the NELS study said 37 minutes, whereas those in the ELS study said 60 minutes. There’s no good reason for such a striking discrepancy, nor do the authors offer any explanation. They just move right along — even though those estimates raise troubling questions about the whole project, and essay on funeral blues, about all homework studies that are based on self-report. Essay Practice? Which number is descriptive describing beach, more accurate? Or are both of them way off? There’s no way of knowing.
And because all the conclusions are tied to that number, all the conclusions may be completely invalid. But let’s pretend that we really do know how much homework students do. Did doing it make any difference? The Maltese et al. study looked at the effect on test scores and on grades. They emphasized the latter, but let’s get the former out essay, of the of relativity on way first. Was there a correlation between the amount of homework that high school students reported doing and their scores on standardized math and science tests? Yes, and it was statistically significant but “very modest”: Even assuming the existence of a causal relationship, which is by no means clear, one or two hours’ worth of homework every day buys you two or three points on a test. Is that really worth the practice frustration, exhaustion, family conflict, loss of time for other activities, and potential diminution of brainstorming, interest in learning? And how meaningful a measure were those tests in the first place, since, as the authors concede, they’re timed measures of mostly mechanical skills? (Thus, a headline that reads “Study finds homework boosts achievement” can be translated as “A relentless regimen of gmat essay practice test, after-school drill-and-skill can raise scores a wee bit on tests of rote learning.”) But it was grades, not tests, that Maltese and of pirenne, his colleagues really cared about. They were proud of having looked at transcript data in order to figure out “the exact grade a student received in each class [that he or she] completed” so they could compare that to how much homework the essay test student did.
Previous research has looked only at students’ overall grade-point averages. And the essay result of this fine-tuned investigation? There was no relationship whatsoever between time spent on homework and course grade, and “no substantive difference in grades between students who complete homework and those who do not.” This result clearly caught the researchers off-guard. Frankly, it surprised me, too. When you measure “achievement” in practice test, terms of grades, you expect to see a positive result — not because homework is academically beneficial but because the same teacher who gives the assignments evaluates the students who complete them, and the final grade is often based at least partly on whether, and to what extent, students did the homework.
Even if homework were a complete waste of practice, time, how could it not be positively related to course grades? And yet it wasn’t. Again. Even in high school. Essay Test? Even in math. The study zeroed in on essay practice specific course grades, which represents a methodological improvement, and the moral may be: The better the essay practice test research, the less likely one is to find any benefits from history of pirenne thesis homework. (That’s not a surprising proposition for a careful reader of essay practice test, reports in this field. Brainstorming? We got a hint of that from essay Timothy Keith’s reanalysis and also from the fact that longer homework studies tend to resume writing boise, find less of an effect.) Maltese and his colleagues did their best to reframe these results to minimize the stunning implications. Like others in this field, they seem to have approached the gmat essay practice test topic already convinced that homework is necessary and potentially beneficial, so the only question we should ask is How — not whether — to assign it. But if you read the results rather than just the authors’ spin on them — which you really need to do with the work of others working in this field as well — you’ll find that there’s not much to prop up the belief that students must be made to work a second shift after they get home from writing services boise school. The assumption that teachers are just assigning homework badly, that we’d start to see meaningful results if only it were improved, is harder and harder to justify with each study that’s published. If experience is any guide, however, many people will respond to these results by repeating platitudes about the importance of practice, or by complaining that anyone who doesn’t think kids need homework is coddling them and failing to prepare them for the “real world” (read: the pointless tasks they’ll be forced to do after they leave school). Gmat Essay? Those open to evidence, however, have been presented this fall with yet another finding that fails to find any meaningful benefit even when the study is set up to thesis of theory on, give homework every benefit of the doubt.
1. It’s important to remember that some people object to homework for gmat essay practice test reasons that aren’t related to the dispute about services whether research might show that homework provides academic benefits. They argue that (a) six hours a day of academics are enough, and kids should have the gmat practice chance after school to explore other interests and develop in other ways — or be able simply to relax in essay, the same way that most adults like to relax after work; and (b) the decision about what kids do during family time should be made by families, not schools. Let’s put these arguments aside for test now, even though they ought to be (but rarely are) included in any discussion of the topic. 2. Brainstorming? Valerie A. Cool and Timothy Z. Keith, “Testing a Model of School Learning: Direct and Indirect Effects on Academic Achievement,” Contemporary Educational Psychology 16 (1991): 28-44. 3. Adam V. Maltese, Robert H. Tai, and Xitao Fan, “When Is Homework Worth the Time? Evaluating the test Association Between Homework and Achievement in High School Science and Math,” The High School Journal , October/November 2012: 52-72. Abstract at http://ow.ly/fxhOV. Essay On Funeral? 4. Other research has found little or no correlation between how much homework students report doing and essay practice, how much homework their parents say they do. When you use the parents’ estimates, the correlation between homework and achievement disappears. See Harris Cooper, Jorgianne Civey Robinson, and blues, Erika A. Essay Test? Patall, “Does Homework Improve Academic Achievement?: A Synthesis of Research, 1987-2003,” Review of Educational Research 76 (2006): 1-62.
5. To put it the other way around, studies finding the biggest effect are those that capture less of descriptive, what goes on in the real world by virtue of being so brief. View a small, unrepresentative slice of a child’s life and it may appear that homework makes a contribution to achievement; keep watching, and that contribution is eventually revealed to be illusory. Gmat Essay Practice Test? See data provided — but not interpreted this way — by brainstorming, Cooper, The Battle Over Homework, 2nd ed. (Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin, 2001). 6. Even the practice title of their article reflects this: They ask “When Is Homework Worth the Time?” rather than “ Is Homework Worth the Time?” This bias might seem a bit surprising in the case of the study’s second author, Robert H. Tai. He had contributed earlier to another study whose results similarly ended up raising questions about the test value of homework. Practice Test? Students enrolled in college physics courses were surveyed to determine whether any features of their high school physics courses were now of use to them. At first a very small relationship was found between the amount of homework that students had had in high school and how well they were currently faring.
But once the of pirenne thesis researchers controlled for other variables, such as the essay test type of classes they had taken, that relationship disappeared, just as it had for Keith (see note 2). The researchers then studied a much larger population of students in college science classes – and writing practice test, found the same thing: Homework simply didn’t help. See Philip M. Essay Practice? Sadler and Robert H. Tai, “Success in Introductory College Physics: The Role of High School Preparation,” Science Education 85 : 111-36.
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Effects of Dog Training Programs on Prisoners Essay Sample. Dog training/therapy programs are becoming increasingly popular because there have been widespread reports about the positive effects and gmat essay practice test, benefits that such programs provide to prisoners. The positive effects include lower recidivism rates, and associated lower costs to the state. The purpose of resume writing boise, this study is to review earlier researches in regard to the effects of animal training/therapy, especially dog training/therapy, to prisoners. Gmat? A brief discussion on animal assisted therapy will first be given, and then the psychosocial effects of on funeral, dog training to gmat essay practice prisoners will be examined.
A thorough knowledge of the positive effects of dog training/therapy to prisoners will most likely provide us with a less costly, and yet very efficient prisoner rehabilitation method. Effects of Dog Training Programs on essay on funeral blues Prisoners. When we talk about gmat, prisons, the initial thought that comes to mind is punishment. According to Allen “the three objectives of federal prisons include: having the descriptive describing beach, prisoners recognize authority, instilling “an inmate work ethic”, and enhancing the morale of the prison staff.” Allen (1998, p. 8). In short, the goal of gmat essay test, prisons is to teach prisoners a lesson. However, imprisonment alone is not a sufficient experience to teach prisoners a lesson. Perhaps, a more effective way to teach prisoners a lesson is through rehabilitating them. Aside from lowering costs of incarceration, rehabilitation can help in making prisoners functioning members of the boise, society. Prisons use various methods of rehabilitation. Test? “One of the most popular methods of rehabilitation used today is perhaps through animal training/therapy, where animals such as dogs and horses are used to thesis on teach inmates life-enhancing skills.” Strimple (2003). Practice Test? The bond between humans and animals stretches back from early history, but it wasn’t until recently that a correlation was “acknowledged between this bond and the emotional health of humans.” Blackman (2006). The most popular animals used in prison-based animal programs (PAPs) are dogs.
Studies have shown that the mere presence of a dog increases the sense security of people around it. Blues? Dogs have been used for essay guarding flocks, tracking, hunting, search and rescue, leading the blind, and in assisting the deaf and physically challenged, and now they are being used to teach prison inmates life-enhancing skills. The purpose of this study is to review earlier researches regarding the effects of animal, especially dog, training/therapy to prisoners. A brief discussion on animal assisted therapy is first given then the practice, psychosocial effects of dog training programs to prisoners are examined. Vocational or professional benefits of dog training programs to prisoners are also investigated. Knowledge of the positive effects of dog training/therapy to prisoners provides us with a less costly yet effective rehabilitation method. The birth of animal-assisted therapy can be attributed to two contributors.
One of these is the Secretary of Interior Franklin K. Lane and Dr. William Alanson White, superintendent at the Government Hospital for the Insane (now known as St. Elizabeth Hospital) in Washington. In his letter to essay practice Dr. Thesis On? White dated on August 12, 1919, Secretary Lane suggested the hospital to have some dogs so that the men confined in the hospital will have someone to play with to which the doctor replied affirmatively. “Ever since then, animal-assisted therapy has been widely used by most institutions ranging from medical to schools, shelters, foster cares, courtrooms and prisons.” Wirth (2005). Animal therapy has been widely used in prisons. Essay Test? Animal therapy programs for the Department of Correction are operated in at least 15 different states and in one Federal Penitentiary. “As with other animal-assisted therapy programs, the prisoners are taught to boise interact with different animal species.” Strimple (2003). Practice Test? However, animal-assisted programs in prisons have a profound difference. Brainstorming? Prisoners not only interact with the animals; they also train them. The first successful animal therapy program in gmat a place where individuals are confined happened at the Lima State Hospital for the Criminally Insane (now Oakwood Forensic Centre) in Lima, Ohio. “The institution is the first formal program to use a maximum-security population.” Furst (2006). David Lee, a psychiatric social worker, initiated the brainstorming, program in January 1975.
He was struck by the improvement of some men who had come across, and cared for an injured bird. A patient reportedly found an injured sparrow in the prison yard. He managed to gmat practice test smuggle the bird into a ward, where animals are not allowed, and the patients are the institutions most depressed and on funeral, unresponsive patients. For the first time, the patients in this ward worked like a group to heal and practice test, take care of the scientific on, injured bird. The patients soon began to practice relate to writing essay practice the staff well, which the staff noted.
This experience led to the hospital conducting a study on the therapeutic benefits of animals. The study compared two identical wards, where one ward had pets and the other did not. “The study found that the ward with pets needed fewer amounts of practice test, medications than usual and had decreased violence. Furthermore, no suicide attempts were reported. On the other hand, the ward without pets had eight suicide attempts recorded during the same period.” Lee (1983). Several animals may be used in the therapy. Birds, dogs, cats, and several semi-domesticated and trained wild animals have been used.
However, man’s best friend has always been the of relativity on, most popular option. Some dog breeds have been preferentially useful and essay practice, are more efficient than other breeds. The dogs are bred for a long time for services qualities of interacting with people. Almost all dog breeds and even mongrels are known to participate. It is gmat essay practice test, more effective to look to the individual dog than to deal with breed issues. The idea of dog training was introduced to the Washington Correction Centre for Women (WCCW) by Kathy Quinn, now Sister Pauline. Together with Dr. Essay Test? Leo Bustad, Sister Pauline established a dog-training program at WCCW. In this program, the women prisoners trained dogs rescued from the Tacoma-Pierce County Humane Society. The program benefited not just the women inmates, who were reported to have increased self-esteem, but the community and the animals as well.
The dogs, which were supposed to be killed, were trained to assist people with disabilities with their special needs. “Recognizing the benefits of gmat essay, a dog-training program, Sister Pauline has helped other correctional facilities to establish their own dog training programs. Once prisons are convinced of the benefits provided by animal training programs, these programs will certainly increase in number.” Strimple (2003). Thus, this paper will provide brief accounts of the positive effects of history thesis, dog training programs to prisoners from earlier researches. According to Lai (1998), “a dog-training program has treatment and vocational benefits depending upon its program design.” Treatment benefits provide prisoners with a positive psychosocial experience while vocational benefits give inmates a chance to renew their life through vocational, or even professional, opportunities.” Studies have shown that holding or petting an animal will cause a lowering of blood pressure in humans, relieves strain and tension, and gmat essay practice test, can draw out a person from loneliness and depression. Dog adoption programs in penitentiaries have been conducted to help prisoners cope with depression. History? Inmates, with the help of dog rescue community groups and volunteers, “provide obedience training to rescued dogs, along with continuing education for foster pups being trained as therapy dogs.” Blackman (2006). Reviews of dog training programs reported significant improvements in the attitude and essay, behaviour of writing services, inmates participating in such programs. One of the first institutions to adopt the dog-training program was the Purdy Treatment Centre for Women, a maximum-security prison in Washington. In this program, inmates are taught to train dogs with the help of a former prison inmate. The program began in 1981 under the supervision of the practice test, People Partnership Program.
Inmates signed up in Tacoma Community College for an 11-week class and then were paired with local shelter dogs. They were taught training, grooming and job-seeking skills through classroom and hands on lessons. Administrators initially feared that there would be incidences of animal abuse but the reverse was the thesis of theory of relativity on, case. Gmat Practice Test? Hines observed that; “the inmates actually became concerned with animal welfare and brainstorming, thus became more cooperative. Furthermore, they learned a lot of self-control.” Hines, L. M. (1983). Around the practice test, same period, Lorton Prison, a prison chapter in Virginia, built a similar program, with some help from a veterinarian of the brainstorming, national People-Animals-Love group. The program director reported that “inmates, through sharing, are learning to practice trust one another… Animals bring out humanity; they bring out the best in all of us.” Arkow (1998, p. 13). Moneymaker and Stimple also conducted an evaluation of the treatment effects of animal training programs by examining disciplinary records. They reported that “inmates who participated in the program had reduced feelings of isolation and frustration”, and that they “showed considerable change in their outlook toward others and their sense of self-worth, as well as their sense of history of pirenne, achieving a better goal in test life.” Moneymaker and history of pirenne thesis, Strimple (1991, p. Gmat Practice Test? 148).
At about the same period, Harbolt and Ward conducted another review evaluating a program where incarcerated older teenagers were taught to train unwanted shelter dogs for three weeks. In addition to learning canine health and medicine, participants were also responsible for cleaning their dog’s kennel, exercising, socializing and grooming their dogs. Services Boise? The researchers found that teenagers became more compassionate and dedicated to their tasks. Gmat Essay Practice? Furthermore, they learned how it feels to resume writing services boise give and gmat practice, receive a positive reward in return. Harbolt and Ward (1991).
Prisons outside US also reported positive treatment effects of dog training programs. In 1994, Walsh and Mertin evaluated a dog training program in a prison in Australia by writing essay measuring the reports of participants. Essay Test? After a six-month period, they found that “participants had significant improvements in their self-esteem and levels of depression.” Graham (2000). Another program aimed a bringing prisoners and descriptive essay describing beach, abandoned dogs together is Project Pooch at McLaren Juvenile Correctional Facility in Woordburn, Oregon. Its principal, Joan Dalton, initiated the program in 1993. Test? In 1999 it became a non-profit organization and consequently hired a project manager. Students are taught dog grooming and training, as well as attending to the health needs of the animals. Brainstorming? Merriam-Arduini evaluated the gmat test, program in her dissertation; studying recidivism, reformation and behavioural changes made by the incarcerated youth brought about by studying dog training.
She reported in her abstract that. The findings indicate that there is zero recidivism of POOCH participants that the program assists to meet judicial orders and educational expectations with high percentages. Based on survey responses from the adults there appears to be a marked behaviour improvement in areas of descriptive essay beach, respect for authority, social interaction and leadership. The youth provided descriptors of change and gmat practice test, growth in areas of honesty, empathy, nurturing, social growth, understanding, confidence level and essay practice test, pride of accomplishment. Merriam-Arduini (2000). Several similar programs have been adopted in different penitentiaries. These programs are based on gmat essay practice mutual respect and dignity.
An example of this is a program where inmates in prisons train dogs to assist the disabled. Thesis On? The dogs are then placed with someone who needs a specially trained dog to assist them. Also, in other prison programs future assistance dogs and guide dogs are raised and essay, trained for the blind, thus cutting back on the time that disabled persons would have had to wait for services boise a dog that can assist them. Administrators of practice test, dog training program at Colorado’s Canon City noted that inmates who participated in the program have reduced illegal drug use. Participants also showed significant improvements in self-confidence, patience and respect, both for people and animals.
In another dog training program, inmates take unwanted dogs from animal shelters, then groom and train them to be good citizens. They are then placed back into the community as “paroled pets”. This gives the dogs a second chance in life, exactly what the prisoners are wishing for in their own life. An example of this is the Prison Dog Project. This is the realization of what the Prison Pet Partnership Program has provided over the years to essay practice test the inmates who work with the gmat test, dogs (Prison Dog Project, 2007). Resume Writing Services Boise? It helps to essay test bring a sense of calm in the institutional setting. The dogs are also a bridge between the inmates and the guards as well as with a disabled person to people in the community. The prison dog programs help the inmates learn how to become selfless, thus giving something back to society.
The inmates learn needed skills in order to help them get jobs when they are released. “They also learn responsibility, patience, tolerance, as well as being good trainers with kindness and love.” (Prison Dog Project, 2007). Without programs like these, inmates may succumb to solitude long enough for them to brainstorming become aloof with the other prison inmates. Aside from giving them training in pet management, persistence and care may be cultivated and gmat test, aid them to become better persons when they get back into the world out side the prisons. Brainstorming? Having pets in prison may not only solve problems of boredom, it is practice, a reflection of the government’s efforts to give former law benders a second chance to history thesis enjoy life. As a therapy, this program may lessen their longing for the outside world. Gmat Practice Test? It may even make their prison life enjoyable and less tiresome. They may even forget the years that pass by. Arkow (1998) explains that “inmates feel a sense of security when they are with the dogs they trained.” As Furst (2006) stresses, “The companionship that develops is writing boise, also a source of security in an adversarial environment”.
Furthermore, the prisoners “experience interaction with a living being that has no interest in gmat their past mistakes.” Furst (2006). Inmates whose lives lack the sense of touch and of belonging feel a sense of of theory of relativity on, unconditional love from gmat essay practice test animals that are able to “stimulate a kind of love and caring that is not poisoned or inhibited by prisoners.” Beck and Katcher (1996). Arkow (1998) explains that “the mere presence of a dog can be therapeutic.” For others, it is the sense that the activity is in someway useful to someone else – for example doing physical therapy by grooming the dog is something the thesis of relativity, dog enjoys so the person feels good about gmat practice test, making the brainstorming, effort. Some individual attribute the benefit to the fact that the new scheme has invariably broken the routines. Several explanations have been formulated to go beyond the reasons of the benefits from pet therapy. For others it is deeply meaningful, they may talk about the visit for days afterward. Gmat Essay Test? Some people have withdrawn from human interaction, but will talk to the pet.
The pet may bridge two different peoples to communicate, or bring up pleasant memories. In many cases the benefits offered by visiting pets are the same as those offered by Animal Assisted Therapy, the difference being that the there is no prescribed course of treatment and no recording of the effects on the individual. Dog training programs to do not just provide benefits to the psychological well-being of the prisoners but to essay describing beach their employ-ability as well. Lai (1998) stresses that “dog training programs help inmates learn to set and achieve their goals. Inmates learn to be responsible and dedicated to the tasks assigned to them as well as respect for both people and animals.” The Prison Pet Partnership Program gives inmate trainers the essay practice test, opportunity to learn valuable pet industry-related vocational skills to use in scientific thesis of theory finding employment when they resume their lives outside of gmat practice test, prison. In addition to training, boarding and grooming dogs, inmates also gain clerical skills by on funeral blues working in our office. They receive monetary stipends for their work; others are in an apprenticeship program. The dogs spend a good deal of time with their trainers within the prison community. This allows other inmates to benefit from the presence of the dogs even though they are not directly involved with the program. Test? Pauline (2007).
The Coleman Federal Complex, a minimum-security work camp for women in Coleman, Florida, has built a dog training program through the help of Donna Bucella, the US attorney in Tampa, Florida, and Julie Aichroth, director of South-eastern Guide Dogs, Inc. The inmates “provide advanced training to dogs on assisting individuals with impaired vision.” Brink (2005). Through this program, the inmates learn how to be veterinary assistants providing them with a vocational benefit that they can pursue once they are released. In fact, once the inmates are released, they can attend a two-year vocational course on animal training and eventually earn a certificate as veterinary technician. Strimple (2003). The Animal in the Military Helping Individuals (AIMHI) program was established in practice 1994. In this program, the US army inmates at gmat practice, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas and brainstorming, Fort Knox, Kentucky trained dogs that would assist physically challenged people. Aside from training dogs to assist the physically challenged, inmates were also taught animal husbandry and practice, human and animal behaviour. “This program provides vocational training and helps the history of pirenne, men in their transition back to civilian life.” Strimple (2003). In fact, in this program, 50 men already received certificates of training. This vocational opportunity stems from the fact that prisoners are taught about animal caring and practice, handling. They are taught not just to simply take care of the animals.
They also study their grooming, health and diet. There are some programs that provide certification in one or more areas of animal care. Some inmates receive contacts from shelter or volunteer agency and veterinarians that hire participants and request for their release, due to their participation in the program. All these programmes provide job opportunities to prisoners, which can renew their life once they are released. Effects on the Community as a Whole. Dog-training programs do not benefit the prisoners alone. Writing Essay Practice Test? They also benefit the community as a whole.
Dogs that would have otherwise been euthanized were trained to do tasks that are beneficial to essay practice test people. Moreover, most dog training programs are designed such that inmates train dogs to assist people with disabilities. The dog training program established by Sister Pauline at WCCW not just benefited the resume, inmates who participated in the program. The dogs were trained as helpers to people with special needs thus benefiting the community of disabled as well. One particular example is practice test, Sue Miller, a woman convicted of murder.
Sue successfully trained two dogs Glory and Sheba. Glory was assigned to help a young man with birth defects confined to a wheelchair named Burt. Glory was able to of relativity help Burt carry books, negotiate sidewalk curbs and elevators and pick up dropped objects (Strimple, 2003). Sheba, on the other hand, was assigned to a 14-year old girl named Angie who suffered from severe epileptic seizures. Through Sue’s training, Sheba was able to recognize an impending attack.
Consequently, the mere presence of Sheba brought a sense of security to Angie, which eventually led to a decrease in the number of gmat essay test, seizures Angie experienced. Dog training programs also appear to thesis of theory on be a cost-effective way of rehabilitating inmates. Gmat Essay? Robert Kent, superintendent of the Sanger B. History? Powers Correctional Centre in test Oneida, Wisconsin reported that since they started their dog training program in 1997, 68 inmates who participated in the program were already released and none has returned to prison. This results to history of pirenne thesis reduced incarceration costs. Susan Bass, director of the AIMHI program, also relates the lower costs of dog training programs. Aside from the benefit of providing vocational training to men, the program provides a lower cost for the state. Bass relates that costs are low because “their only expenses are the professional staff salaries, dog food, and supplies.” Strimple (2003). In the civilian world, the expense of training may cost from essay practice $10,000 to $12,000 but in the military, the thesis of theory, expenses averaged $4,000 only. Although there is little research regarding the cost-saving benefits of dog training programs, testimonials from different programs assert that dog training programs is an effective cost-saving way to rehabilitate prisoners. Current Prison-based Dog-training Programs.
Dog training programs are becoming increasingly popular in prisons. Despite the opposition from some who believe that prisons are only for gmat essay practice test punishment, others overcame this belief and helped establish several prison-based dog-training programs. Aside from the essay, ones previously mentioned, there are many other facilities that have already adopted this program. Pilot Dogs, Inc., of gmat essay practice, Ohio (PDIO) in Columbus, Ohio, is essay beach, one of the significant dog training programs developed (Strimple, 2003). PDIO had its first dog-training program in 1992 at the Ohio Reformatory for Women in Marysville, Ohio. Gmat Practice? Now, PDIO has established its program in 7 prisons in Ohio and 1 in West Virginia.
The Downeast Correctional Facility, a medium-security prison in Maine, has already established its own successful dog-training program. In this program, after one year of training, the dogs receive initial tests. The dogs that pass then move on history to training as service dogs with the gmat essay practice test, National Education for Assistance Dog Services (NEADS). It is resume writing boise, reported that “more than half of the 53 dogs in the graduating class of essay test, NEADS were trained by inmates.” Gold (2006). The Puppies Behind Bars program runs another program of this type. Gloria Gilbert Stoga founded it in New York in brainstorming 1997. Stoga took five rejected puppies from and gave them to inmates to gmat be trained. The success of the dog training of inmates gave birth to writing test the Puppies Behind Bars program.
The program has already trained dogs, 87 percent of which moved on to a more rigorous training. Today, after recognizing the benefits provided by dog training programs, many have already followed suit. It is predicted that dog training programs will become more popular once its effects to the prisoners and community as a whole has been established. Dog training programs are becoming increasingly popular, due to test reports regarding its positive effects. Dog-training programs prove to be helpful especially to prisoners. Of Pirenne Thesis? Inmates who participated in dog training programs feel that they live better lives because they sense that they are now of service to the society from which they once took.
They feel a sense of unconditional love from the animals they train who have no interest with their past mistakes. Studies have also shown that dog training, and animal training in general, brings about significant improvements in the behaviour of the gmat practice, participants. Aside from these psychosocial effects, these programs also provide job opportunities to participants because of the knowledge they gain. The human and animal community benefit as well. The animals that would have been otherwise killed served a better purpose. These animals were helpful to people especially those who are physically challenged. This helpfulness to the community as a whole provides inmates with a feeling that they can now serve their community and beach, thus atone for their past mistakes. Since there is little research regarding this study, it is practice test, highly recommended that such a research should be undertaken in order to describing beach convince the public that dog training programs is beneficial. Arkow, P. (1998). Pet therapy: A study and practice test, resource guide for the use of companion animals. in selected therapies (8th ed.).
Stratford, NJ: Author. Beck, A., Katcher, A. (1996). Brainstorming? Between pets and people: The importance of animal. companionship. West Lafayette, IN: Purdue University Press. Blackman, D. (2006). Visiting Pets and Animal Assisted Therapy [Electronic Version]. Brink, G. (2005). Time to train.
Bustad, L. K. (1990). Practice Test? Prison programs involving animals. In L. Writing? K. Bustad (Ed.), Compassion, our last great hope. Renton, WA: Delta Society. Furst, G. (2006).
Prison-based animal programs: A national survey. Practice Test? The Prison. Journal, 86(4), 407-430. from http://tpj.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/86/4/407. Gold, D. (2006). Wagging tails cool prison tempers: Maine inmates find calm in training. dogs. Boston Globe. Graham, B. (2000).
Creature comfort: Animals that heal. Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books. GVU’s 8th WWW user survey. (n.d.). Of Pirenne? Retrieved August 8, 2000, from http://www.uswardogs.org/index.html. Harbolt, T. Ward, T. (1991). Essay Practice? Taming incarcerated youth with shelter dogs for a second. chance. Society and Animals, 9(2), p. 177-182. Harkrader, T., Burke, T. W., Owen, S. (2004).
Pound puppies: The rehabilitative uses. of dogs in correctional facilities. Corrections Today Magazine, 66(2), 74-60. Hines, L. (n.d.). Brainstorming? Overview of animals in correctional facilities.
In Delta Society (Ed.), Animals in institutions (p. 111-112). Renton, WA: Delta Society. Hines, L. M. (1983). Essay Test? Pets in prison: A new partnership. Brainstorming? California Veterinarian, 5, 7-11. Lai, J. (1998, April). Pet facilitated therapy in test correctional institutions.
Paper prepared for. Correctional Services of Canada by Office of the resume writing services boise, Deputy Commissioner for Women. from at http://www.csc-scc.gc.ca. Lee, D. R. (1983). Pet therapy: Helping patients through troubled times. California. Veterinarian, 5, 24-25. Lee, D. Gmat? (1987).
Companion animals in institutions. In P. Brainstorming? Arkow (Ed.), The loving bond: Companion animals in the helping professions (pp. 223-246). Saratoga, CA: R E. Merriam-Arduini, S. Gmat Practice? (2000). Evaluation of an experimental program designed to have a. positive effect on adjudicated violent, incarcerated male juveniles age 12-25 in the. state of Oregon. Pepperdine University.
Moneymaker, J., Strimple, E. (1991). Animals and inmates: A sharing companionship. behind bars. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, 16, p. 133-152. Pauline, S. (2007). Washington State Correctional Center For Women Prison Pet. Retrieved March 15, 2007 from http://members.tripod.com/
Prison Dog Project. (2007). Pathways to Hope. Retrieved March 15, 2007, from. Strimple, E. O. (2003). A history of prison inmate-animal interaction programs. The.
American Behavioural Scientist, 47(1), 70-78. Wirth, C. Essay Practice Test? (2005). Animal-Assisted Therapy. Retrieved March 22, 2007, from. Is this the perfect essay for you? Save time and gmat test, order Effects of Dog Training Programs on Prisoners.
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