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It would be useful for specialist mid-level applicants. You must follow the chronological resume when. You have to portray a vertical progression in your career You more or less had a consistent career with no such big work-experience gaps in between You are planning a change of company but in similar trade. Analysis! The functional resume format focuses mostly on the skills of the barn faulkner summary applicant rather than his work experiences. Unlike the conventional chronological format, this one ignores when where the applicant performed or learned those skills. It’s the fact that the analysis candidate holds those skills relevant to the specific job opening, is highlighted in the functional format. The functional format would be useful for you when- You need to create a Fresher Resume Format Templates with no previous work experience but when you are confident about your skills You have big gaps in your career history You are looking forward to promote a particular skill set. Camp! As the essays analysis name suggests, combination resume focuses on a fusion of the traditional chronological functional resumes. Camp! Such a resume would usually start with professional profile/summary of essays qualifications which will include your skills, abilities achievements that are pertinent to burning faulkner, the specific job opening you are applying for- it’s for essays, the functional side.
The introductory section would be followed by job experience, education (B.E) additional related sections in the reverse chronological format. German Essay! Such a resume would be great when- You are looking forward to highlight a well-developed relevant skill set You have mastered your art You are planning a switch to another industry. Analysis! For example, let’s say you are working as an investment banker but you are really good at the miser essay, cartoons or conceptual sketching- such artistic skills would be a wealth for essays analysis, advertising industry in case you are planning to turn your hobbies into your profession. Formatting a resume is no rocket science but you have to be really strategic with the overall planning. As mentioned earlier, the traditional chronological approach is relevant when you are proud of the upward mobility that you have attained in faulkner summary your career. If you are a person with huge or at least some professional experience in your industry- the essays chronological style would be the burning faulkner proper resume format for essays analysis, you. The best resume format for a functional resume strategically groups the key skills abilities of the candidate in various categories to explain his eligibility expertise for reward system, some particular job. The skill-based focus will enable you to pull the prospective employer’s attention on your strength which would in turn divert the essays focus from your absent or flawed employment record. Faulkner! For example, let’s say you are applying for the position of a sales manager in analysis a MNC with an international market- and in summary such a case your functional resume would stress on categories with headings like “team building leadership expertise”, “fluency in essays analysis foreign languages” etc.
In some of cases, the functional resume is essays & term quickstudy academic completely devoid of the employment history. Even if it is mentioned, it appears at essays analysis, the very bottom of the resume or in the next page to de-stress on its importance. When you are planning a combination resume , you have to commence with your key qualifications skills. You can include your career objective, expertise, accomplishments pertinent training relevant to the job application here. The strategy here is to fill up 80-85% of your resume with your skills talents and the rest 15-20 percent would be about your career history. Unlike the functional resume, you cannot omit your career history here. Make sure it’s easy to read Use bullet points and letter a nazi camp thesis, adequate spacing- single spacing when you are writing about your skills under same category and double-spacing before the start of another category. Use contextual keywords relevant to essays, your job position industry. Use formal fonts and the font size should be 14 for headings and 12 for the rest. You must use strong verbs such as “managed”, “handled”, “led”, “administered”, “charted” etc.
Begin the resume with summary sentence so that the system research paper hiring manager can have a blue-print of your skills abilities at a glance. Include personal accomplishments if they are pertinent to essays analysis, the relevant job opening. Focus on quantifiable accomplishments include facts figures. No grammar mistake or typo error is a level allowed in your resume. Don’t use generic words like hardworking or confident- rather use “efficient at analysis, handling big teams for crucial projects”. Don’t use informal email ids in essay phrases contact details.
Don’t use chronological resume when you have big gaps in your career. Don’t include irrelevant personal hobbies. No lengthy resume. Don’t lie in essays analysis your resume and be honest. When you are looking for best resume format examples, we at template.net are ready to the miser essay, help you with your expert-designed resumes- whether you need a chronological one or a functional one or a combination resume. Essays! Ceative Resume Templates must be drafted using a formal format and the miser essay, a professional tone but it may not be possible for everyone to get it right. Thus one can make use of essays analysis a resume format. Barn Burning Faulkner Summary! A resume format is a detailed layout and format of a resume which can be used by those who are confused about the format of such a formal document. A resume format is divided into sections and categories in analysis the exact same way as needed in a resume. It gives the users a reference point of view and papers, idea of how a professional Resume Templates must look like.
Resume formats may also be provided with the main headings like personal details, academic details, professional experience etc. for better use and reference of the users. What makes a resume format the essays best resume format is the essays academic manner in which it is drafted or framed and how much convenience it offers to the user. It must be time saving for the user to use and essays analysis, customize and should also be self-explanatory. The following are some of the german phrases contents of a resume format which truly make it ‘best’: What is the essays analysis format of a CV?(100 Words) When it comes to CV, it has to german phrases a level, be professional. There are different types of CV possible depending on essays, the purpose of its use and phrases, the expectation of the targeted audiences. Similarly, different types of CVs will have different formats. For example, CV for applying in an IT firm would be different from a CV to apply for a marketing company. Instead of taking the risk of analysis designing CV format yourself, it is better to download for sample CV collection.
For example, if you download marketing resume collection, you will get a lot of Marketing Resume Format Templates and you can choose the best one that appeals to you and fill in the details to send it out. What kind of essays & term papers quickstudy academic Resume Should I use?(100 Words) Basically, there are four types of resume available. They are chronological, functional, combinational and targeted. Chronological resumes are most commonly used as it represents the data sequentially for essays analysis, the employers to find them easily at the very first glance. In case you have some lapse in your work and study, then it is better to use a functional resume to faulkner, cover it up skillfully.
Combinational resume must be used when you are very experienced and your work history matters more than basic data. Targeted resumes are most effective and you need to spend more time preparing it. Download some Basic Resume Format Templates and analysis, some samples to make a perfect resume yourself. Which Format do Most Employers Prefer for Resumes? Depending on the job requirement, different employers prefer different resume formats. If the job requirement is for freshers only, employers would like to reward system research paper, receive chronological resumes as the data and information about the candidate would be sequentially and it would be easy to essays analysis, locate required information easily. But in the case of essay hiring experienced professionals, employers prefer to have functional resumes where experience and skills get the priority.
But in general, employers prefer chronological resume format. Essays! Therefore, you need to download different formats like IT Resume Format Templates to apply in IT firm and german essay phrases a level, then based on the job requirements, you have to analysis, form the resume that the employers would prefer the most. To write a resume, you have to collect all the required data and information about you in one place. Then you have to a nazi thesis, download some sample resumes and resume templates as per the purpose of the essays resume. For example, if you are applying in burning faulkner an IT firm, you should download IT resumes or if you are applying for a post of HR, you should download HR Resume Format Templates. Analysis! After downloading them, open them and start filling the details.
If there are any unnecessary headings that do not match your profile, you have to omit and delete them. You should refer to sample resume for checking out from concentration camp how exactly to fill the data and information to look impressive. what are two of the Most Popular Resume Formats. Out of the four different types of resumes we listed above, chronological and functional are the essays analysis most popular resume formats. Chronological resume formats are popular among freshers or those who have light experience of the miser essay a couple of years. On the other hand, functional resumes are popular among experienced professionals with at least experience of working in two and more companies. Freshers can also use it in case the candidate has diverse skills and analysis, has done many internships in the past.
There are multiple formats available in these two categories and one should download freshers and Experienced Resume Format Templates to have different variations to choose from. A chronological resume is the most used resumes in the world. In a chronological resume, everything is listed from the recent to the earliest format. For example, in academic background, your university degree would come first, followed by the college degree and barn burning faulkner summary, then at last school qualification. Similarly, in work experience, your recent work would be listed and in the end, you can have your internships.
This is the most preferred Writer Resumes format by the employers as it is easy for them to get a snapshot of everything very quickly in their mind. There are various types of chronological formats available and essays, you should download freshers resume format templates to political online, get all the variations and choose the best.
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Plan a Business Connectivity Services solution in analysis SharePoint 2013. We are in the miser essay the process of combining the SharePoint Server 2013 and essays analysis SharePoint Server 2016 content into a single content set. We appreciate your patience while we reorganize things. Barn Summary? See the Applies To tag at the top of each article to find out which version of SharePoint an article applies to. Applies to: SharePoint Foundation 2013, SharePoint Server 2013. Summary: Create a plan for your Microsoft Business Connectivity Services solution in SharePoint Server 2013 and SharePoint Online. Unlike other SharePoint 2013 features and solutions, Microsoft Business Connectivity Services solutions have no predefined form. You don’t know what they will look like or, precisely, what they will do before you understand the business needs that drive the solution. You don’t know how users will interact with them, or how they need to be secured. Analysis? By definition, every Business Connectivity Services solution is a custom-built solution. You will have to use SharePoint Designer 2013 or Visual Studio 2012 during your solution development to reward paper, define the external data source.
There are no out-of-the-box Business Connectivity Services configurations or templates that you can use. The only thing that you can say about a Business Connectivity Services solution before it is designed and essays implemented is that you know it will serve to political, integrate external data deeply into SharePoint 2013 and essays analysis Office 2013. Before you can begin to develop a design for your Business Connectivity Services solution, you must understand the business needs that are driving the solution and the environment in which the from a nazi concentration, solution must operate. This article takes you through five questions that you must have answers to before you can design your Business Connectivity Services solution. Be sure to collect all this information and communicate it to all the key stakeholders to review and approve. Essays? When you do this, you will ensure that everyone involved has the same understanding of the needs of the project and how the solution will work. In this article: Your first step in planning your Business Connectivity Services solution is to understand where the external data that you want is.
You need to understand this from three perspectives. You need to the miser essay, understand where the external data source is in relation to analysis, the network that Business Connectivity Services and your users will be on. Letter A Nazi Camp? To help you figure this out, draw a diagram of the three components on your network and see where they lie. For example, you can see whether they are all on your internal network and essays analysis inside your firewall. Or, you could see that the Business Connectivity Services infrastructure and the external data source are separated by a firewall or boundary network and that they are on papers academic, completely separate networks.
Here are some basic rules that you can use to guide your design: If the external data source, the Business Connectivity Services infrastructure, and analysis the consumers of the solution are all on your corporate-controlled network, then you will be implementing an all-on-premises solution. Political? For more information about how to essays analysis, deploy an all-on-premises solution, see Configure Business Connectivity Services solutions for SharePoint 2013. If the reward system paper, Business Connectivity Services infrastructure and essays the users are on political online, your corporate-controlled network (internally or by analysis, VPN), you will be deploying an all-on-premises solution, even if the external data source is outside of your network, such as on the Internet. In this scenario, Business Connectivity Services will need to communicate with the external data source through your corporate firewall and you need to plan for that traffic. If you will use Business Connectivity Services in SharePoint Online and the external data source is in the cloud, then you will be implementing a cloud-only solution. Look at the miser essay, where the essays, users will be accessing the Business Connectivity Services solution from. System Paper? Be sure to consider if the data communications between the client and the Business Connectivity Services solution need to essays, be encrypted and whether the underlying network infrastructure can support the added load.
Also, make sure that the essays, browsers and essays Office clients support the functionality that the solution provides. For more information about browser support for SharePoint products, see Plan browser support in a nazi concentration camp SharePoint 2013. For more information about how the location of the external data affects the analysis, design of your Business Connectivity Services solution, see Business Connectivity Services in SharePoint 2013 in the MSDN library. For more information on how a Business Connectivity Services solution may impact your network and SharePoint products farms, see Plan for from concentration performance and capacity management in SharePoint Server 2013. The external data is analysis, hosted by an external system. For example, the data might be in a SQL Server database, in which case SQL Server is the external system.
The connector that the external content type uses to system paper, connect to the data is essays, sometimes determined by what the external system is. For example, there are out-of-the-box connectors for & term quickstudy academic SQL Server 2008 with SP1 and Cumulative Update 2. If you are connecting to Exchange Server 2013, you will use a .NET connector. In other cases, it is more important how the analysis, external data is letter a nazi concentration, made available. Essays Analysis? For more information, see How is the data surfaced? later in this article. You will need to know who has daily administrative responsibility over the external data source. Essay? This is the group that you will need to work with to help set up connectivity to the external data. They will be able to tell you how the data is made available for external consumption, how it is analysis, secured, and so on. You might need them to create credentials in the external system for you to use. Political Online? Be prepared to answer their questions on the impact of your Business Connectivity Services solution on their data and their external system. Business Connectivity Services solutions can connect to analysis, an external data source through OData, SQL Server, Windows Communication Foundation (WCF) service, and .NET Assemblies.
You need to know (and you can find this out reward research, from the external system administrators) how the data is surfaced for external consumption. How the external data is surfaced determines what development tools you will use to create the external content type. Analysis? The following table shows you which tools to use based on the external data source. Table: Tools used to create the external content type. Windows Communication Foundation. SharePoint Designer 2013. SharePoint Designer 2013.
Start with SharePoint Designer 2013 against a local SQL Server, then you need to manually modify the connection settings to work with SQL Azure. All OData sources (this includes any SQL Server data source that is the miser essay, surfaced via OData) Visual Studio 2012. For more information about how to set up the development environment for Business Connectivity Services, see How to setup a development environment for BCS in the MSDN Library. Business Connectivity Services handles all authentications for communications between itself and the external system. Basically, Business Connectivity Services presents the essays analysis, external system with information that allows the external system to the miser essay, authenticate (determine whether you are who you say you are) the request and then authorize access to data in the external system. Business Connectivity Services supports many types of essays authentication. For more information about the types of security that Business Connectivity Services supports, see Business Connectivity Services security overview (SharePoint 2010). For more information on the security related tasks for Business Connectivity Services, see Overview of Business Connectivity Services security tasks in SharePoint 2013. For your Business Connectivity Services solution design, you have to know what authentication mechanism the external system requires.
This way, you will know how to configure Business Connectivity Services so that it presents the authentication information in the manner that the external system requires. Business Connectivity Services supports three authentication models: Credentials-based authentication In credentials-based authentication models, credentials are passed from german Business Connectivity Services to essays analysis, the external system. Quickstudy? Credentials are a combination of a user name and some form of password. Business Connectivity Services has a number of essays analysis ways of doing this, including passing the credentials of the user who is logged on, passing the credentials of the service that is making the the miser essay, request, or mapping the credentials of the user who is essays analysis, logged on letter from camp, to a different set of credentials that the external system recognizes. Claims-based authentication In some authentication scenarios, the external system will not accept credentials directly from Business Connectivity Services. However, the external system will accept them from a third-party authentication service that it trusts.
The third-party authentication service (a security token provider) accepts a grouping of information (known as assertions) about the requestor. The whole grouping is known as a claim, and essays a claim can contain more information about the requestor than just the user name and password. For example, a claim can contain metadata about the requestor, such as the barn summary, requestor’s email address or the security groups to which the requestor belongs. Essays? The third-party authentication service performs the barn summary, authentication of the requestor based on the assertions in the claim and creates a security token for the requestor to use. The requestor (Business Connectivity Services) then presents the security token to the external system, and the external system looks to see what data the requestor has been authorized to access. Custom authentication If the essays analysis, external system that you are working with does not support credentials-based or claims-based authentication, then you will have to develop, test, and the miser essay implement a custom solution that takes the credentials that Business Connectivity Services can produce and translates them into a format that the external system will accept.
You can implement a custom authentication solution for analysis OData data sources that are secured either by essays quickstudy, OAuth or a custom ASP.NET HTTP module and essays analysis are on premises. As part of your requirement gathering, you need to find out from your business stakeholders what they need the solution to do and how they need users to interact with it. They might need the users to interact with the data in SharePoint Server, via external lists, and external Web Parts and in Office 2013 clients. Or, they might need the solution to surface data through an apps for Office and academic SharePoint application in SharePoint Online or an on-premises SharePoint installation. For more information about apps for Office and SharePoint, see Overview of apps for SharePoint 2013.
Or, the solution might require some other combination of browser, client, and application access to the external data. How users access the essays analysis, data affects how you will scope the external content type that Business Connectivity Services uses to access the external data. If your Business Connectivity Services solution requires an the miser essay, apps for essays Office and SharePoint application, then the external content type must be scoped to that application. Essays Online? For more information about apps for Office and SharePoint, see Install and manage apps for SharePoint 2013. If your Business Connectivity Services solution will not use apps for Office and SharePoint to access external data, then the external content type must be scoped to the Business Data Connectivity service application. For more information about analysis Business Data Connectivity service application-scoped external content types and how to create them, see SharePoint 2013: Create external list based on app-scoped external content types. Business Connectivity Services-scoped external content types are stored centrally in the BDC Metadata Store. Reward System Paper? For an on-premises SharePoint 2013 installation, external content types are stored in the BDC Metadata Store and a farm administrator manages security on them.
You can share these external content types with multiple Business Connectivity Services web applications. Essays? For SharePoint Online, external content types are stored in your tenancy and you can use them in all the site collections in your tenancy. The apps for Office and barn burning summary SharePoint-scoped external content types are stored as an XML file in the app for Office and SharePoint application itself. They cannot be used by any other apps for Office and SharePoint applications whether they are in an on-premises installation or in a SharePoint Online tenancy. Connection settings objects contain connection information, such as a service address for the service that surfaces the external data, the type of authentication to use, the analysis, Internet-facing URL, and the names of any required certificates. Connection settings objects are separate objects from an external content type.
When a Business Connectivity Services solution needs to essays & term papers academic, connect to analysis, an external system, it uses the information in a connection settings object. Faulkner? You would typically choose to define the connection information separately from the analysis, external content type when the external content type developer doesn’t know, or doesn’t have access to, the necessary connection information when the external content type is developed. Connection settings objects can be used only with OData data sources. The Miser Essay? Both app-scoped external content types and essays analysis service-scoped external content types can use connection settings objects. A Nazi Thesis? Connection settings objects are managed in the SharePoint Central Administration website for essays an on-premises SharePoint installation and in essays online the Tenant Administration tool for SharePoint Online. All Business Connectivity Services solutions must be granted permissions to use a connection settings object.
For information in how to set up the developer environment for BCS, see How to setup a development environment for BCS in the MSDN library. In every Business Connectivity Services solution, you must plan who will have which permissions on which objects. Analysis? This is how you both restrict and phrases a level grant access to the solution to the appropriate users in the appropriate way. You will have to work with the external system administrator and the SharePoint farm administrators, site collection administrators, site administrators, and essays analysis SharePoint Online tenant administrators to configure permissions. At the essays online, most fundamental level however, here is what you must consider during your planning. There are three fundamental roles that are involved with every Business Connectivity Services solution: Administrative roles These roles are responsible for managing permissions on the external system, creating and managing the Business Data Connectivity service application, importing Business Data Connectivity (BDC) models into the BDC Metadata Store, and managing permissions on the BDC Metadata Store and all the objects in it.
If apps for SharePoint are using Business Connectivity Services, then the SharePoint farm administrators will also be involved with publishing the application and creating and managing connection objects. Generally, these duties are performed by people who are SharePoint farm administrators, people who are administrators of the external system, and analysis anyone who has delegated administrative rights. Developer or designer roles These roles are responsible for essay creating the external content types, the BDC models, and the apps for SharePoint that use Business Connectivity Services. They are the ones who are primarily responsible for understanding all the business needs for the solution. User roles People in these roles consume and analysis manipulate the external data in the Business Connectivity Services solution. There can be multiple user roles in the miser essay your solution, each with different levels of permissions. For example, in a support-ticketing system scenario that uses Business Connectivity Services to integrate external information into the solution, the Tier I Help Desk technicians might be granted only the ability to read and essays analysis start workflows on a ticket, while Tier II and Tier III technicians have the ability to update tickets. There are also four main aspects to every Business Connectivity Services solution for which you will manage permissions: External system Every external system will have a method for performing authentication and authorization. (For more information, see How is the data secured? earlier in this article.) You need to work with the external system administrator to essays online, identify how to grant access to the solution users according to the principle of least privileges.
In general, you will map a group of users from the Business Connectivity Services side to a single account on the external system side and use the essays analysis, single external system account to restrict access. Another way is to do a 1:1 mapping between individual accounts on german essay, each system. In either case, unless the essays, external system can directly accept the essays & term papers academic, credentials with which the user authenticates to SharePoint, you will need to essays, use the Secure Store Service. Barn? For more information about the Secure Store, see Plan the Secure Store Service in SharePoint Server 2013 and Configure the Secure Store Service in SharePoint 2013. For more in-depth information about the essays, authentication models that Business Connectivity Services supports, see Business Connectivity Services security overview (SharePoint 2010).
For more information about how to configure SharePoint for OAuth, see Learn about the OAuth authentication and authorization workflow for letter from concentration cloud-hosted apps in SharePoint 2013 in the MSDN Library. Business Connectivity Services central infrastructure Business Connectivity Services is a shared service application and you configure it and manage permission on it in Central Administration. To create a shared service application, you must have farm administrator rights. You can also delegate administration to the Business Data Connectivity service application as needed after you create it. Essays Analysis? In Central Administration, you also manage the the miser essay, assignment of essays analysis permissions to the BDC Metadata Store. Permissions assigned to the BDC Metadata Store can be propagated to objects in the BDC Metadata Store. In the BDC Metadata Store, you manage BDC models, external systems, and external content types. You must assign execute permissions on an external content type to political essays online, all users who will be using the Business Connectivity Services solution. Essays? The following tables provide a detailed mapping of abilities, permissions, and objects. The BDC Metadata Store This SQL Server database that stores the model definitions, external content types, and external system definitions.
Table: Mapping permissions on the BDC Metadata Store. Set permissions on any object contained in the BDC Metadata Store via propagation. The BDC Metadata Store. The model A model is a XML file that contains sets of descriptions of one or more external content types, the related external systems, and system information that is essays, specific to online, the environment, such as authentication properties. Table: Mapping permissions on the model. Create new models. The BDC Metadata Store. Set permissions on a model. The BDC Metadata Store. The model and all external systems in analysis the model. The external system in the BDC Metadata Store An external system is the metadata definition of letter a nazi camp thesis a supported source of analysis data that can be modeled, such as a database, web service, or .NET connectivity assembly.
Table: Mapping permissions on essay phrases a level, the external system in essays analysis the BDC Metadata Store. Create new external systems. The BDC Metadata Store. Edit an external system. The external system object. Use the letter camp thesis, external system in SharePoint Designer. The external system object. Set permissions on the external system.
The external system object. External content type An external content type is a reusable collection of metadata that defines a set of data from essays analysis one or more external systems, the operations available on that data, and connectivity information related to that data. Table: Mapping permissions on german essay a level, the external content type. Create new external content types. The external system. Execute operations on analysis, an external content type.
The external content type (method instances of the operation) Create lists of the external content type. Selectable in clients. The external content type. Set permissions on the external content type. The external content type. The method A Business Data Connectivity method is an reward research paper, XML definition of how Business Connectivity Services can interact with an external data source. Table: Mapping permissions on the method.
Set permissions on a method. The method instance A method instance describes, for a particular method, how to essays analysis, use a method by using a specific set of default values. Table: Mapping permissions on the method instance. Edit a method instance. The method instance. Execute a method instance. The method instance.
Set permissions on burning faulkner summary, a method instance. The method instance. The development environment When you are developing a Business Connectivity Services solution, including the external content type, and any apps for essays analysis SharePoint and connection settings objects, it is & term papers quickstudy academic, a best practice to use a development environment that is separate from your production environment. In the development environment, you can grant higher levels of permissions to the developers than you would usually do in your production environment. If your Business Connectivity Services solution includes connecting to an OData source, then your development environment must include Visual Studio 2012 or other XML editor.
For guidance on how to configure your development environment, see How to setup a development environment for BCS in the MSDN Library.
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Food Service (Waitress Waiter) Resume Samples. Click the images to expand the resumes to analysis, a larger size. Letter From Concentration Camp. We have three resumes, and detailed explanations for essays how to write your own below. If you are an entry-level candidate (or have never been a waiter before), click here. If you need a food service cover letter, click here. Attention line cooks, prep cooks, chefs, and other food service workers — Don’t see your job here? Please view our full list of food service resume samples here. Click here to download. This MS Word Food Service Resume. Food Service Resumes (Text Versions Quick Facts)
Restaurant Server (Chrono) Candidate uses a Reverse-Chronological resume format, and the miser essay, introduces the resume with a strong Career Objective Candidate emphasizes 7+ years of experience, and presents hard numerical evidence to prove she are a strong salesperson Candidate emphasizes depth of wine and entree knowledge to play up her competence. RESTAURANT SERVER (REVERSE-CHRONOLOGICAL) 8870 Haven Street, Bloomington, IN 44590(141)-212-5465. Food Service Worker with 7+ years of experience in food preparation and service, and a certificate in essays Food Handling and faulkner, Safety. Possesses a keen knowledge of wines, entrees, and the responsibilities of a successful restaurateur. Faithfully adhere to the highest standards of essays, hygiene, quality and customer service. Aiming to leverage my knowledge to research, effectively perform a management position at your restaurant. RIVERSIDE RESTAURANT Chicago, IL. Food Service Worker September 2011 – Present.
Memorized restaurant’s wine stock and essays, the meals they should accompany, leading to daily wine sales averaging $150, fully 20% higher than company average Write patrons’ food orders on essays & term, slips, memorize orders, or enter orders into computers for transmittal to kitchen staff in essays analysis a 150+ seat restaurant Clean all work areas, equipment, utensils, dishes, and political, silverware and essays, ensure they are stored appropriately in accordance to state law. Perform food preparation duties such as preparing salads, appetizers, and cold dishes, portioning salads, and reward research paper, brewing coffee in analysis a fast-paced line kitchen. CARRABBA’S ITALIAN GRILL Chicago, IL. Trainee Food Service Worker August 2007 – July 2011. Present menus to patrons and answer questions about essays online menu items, making recommendations upon request in a 70+ seat restaurant Assisted host or hostess by answering phones to analysis, take reservations or to-go orders, and by greeting, seating, and thanking guests Stored food in concentration camp designated containers and storage areas to prevent spoilage and increase shelf life Presented wine samples for guests to taste and opened the bottles for them upon their approval Served food and beverages to patrons, and prepared or served specialty dishes at tables as required. Certificate in essays analysis Food Handling and Safety, June 2008.
Bachelor of Arts Degree in Culinary Arts, June 2007. Team worker who is able to adapt in highly dynamic and changing situations. Excellent problem solving and german phrases, communication skills, with a focus on customer service Familiarity with Point of Sale terminals Bilingual (Spanish/English) Candidate uses a Combination resume format to essays, emphasize achievements and burning, skills, beginning with a Professional Profile introduction to analysis, present critical and relevant information Candidate bolds key waitressing skill keywords in the Professional Profile section, and lists her achievements after them Candidate emphasizes her ability to “upsell” customers on essay a level, alcoholic beverages. Three Key Server Waitress Skills: 1. Salesmanship: Ability to convince customers to essays, make extra purchases by political online, persuasively presenting entree wine pairings, selling desserts, and convincing patrons to return to the establishment.
2. Communication: Ability to host, entertain, small talk, and speak fluidly in analysis front of strangers at length. Ability to work together with other food service workers as a team, often working in essays & term papers pairs for bigger tables. Ability to keep a cool head when dealing with irate customers. 3. Management: Ability to essays, teach new hosts and waiters how to present menu items, how to use Point of Sale (POS) Terminals, and test trainees for memorization of food ingredients. Project Execution: Implemented new menu introduction strategies, increasing customer purchases of wine by 10% on german essay, average Management: Assisted in analysis the training of 6 new waiters, ensuring attention to detail and comprehensive understanding of restaurant methodology and practices Awards and Recognition: Frequently praised for excellent service on restaurant online rating system Salesmanship: Deep and broad knowledge of wines and appropriate entree pairings Communication: Fluent in English and Spanish – Excellent verbal and written skills. Familiarity with Point of Sale (POS) and common restaurant machinery Able to memorize entire menu within a day, including ingredient combinations Proven ability to “upsell” alcohol, dessert, and appetizers to customers Bilingual Spanish and English. Waitress | Los Angeles, CA | 2012 – Present. Memorized restaurant’s wine stock and appropriate entree pairings, leading to daily wine sales averaging $180, fully 15% higher than company average Wrote patron’s food orders on system research, slips, memorized orders, and managed food resources in essays a 120+ seat restaurant Operated POS terminals to input customer orders, swipe credit cards, and barn faulkner summary, enter cash amounts received Received in-depth training for proper food handing techniques, including proper freezer placement, appropriate soup temperatures, and equipment cleaning processes. Hostess Waitress | Los Angeles, CA | 2010 – 2012.
Awarded “Employee of the Month” two months consecutively Bussed tables, presented menus, seated customers, and assisted waiters with drink orders Trained 3 new hosts in providing excellent customer service and conflict resolution techniques. Florida State University, Orlando, FL. Bachelor of Arts in English, May 2008. Three Transferable Skills for analysis Food Service: 1. Customer Interactivity: If you have ever had any experience dealing with customers (whether you were scooping ice cream, greeting people at a front desk, operating a ticket booth, etc.), this type of experience is transferable into any other customer service job. 2. & Term Papers Quickstudy Academic. Technical: Have you ever swiped a credit card, operated a Point of Sale (POS) Terminal, or re-stocked receipt paper? All of these skills are transferable into essays analysis food service. 3. Communication: Bilingual ability, especially Spanish, will help your food service career chances significantly. If you’ve ever had a job where you’ve had to speak in front of other people, that kind of communication ability is considered transferable.
534 Shelby Avenue, Los Angeles, CA 24542 * (433) 623-6234 * [emailprotected] Superior salesmanship skills, consistently outperforming company peers Friendly, outgoing, and reward research paper, charismatic personality well suited for a fast paced, customer service oriented restaurant Experience with Point of Sale (POS) Terminals, with excellent basic math skills Working knowledge of wines, cocktail mixes, and other bartending skills Conversational in Spanish. Awarded “Employee of the analysis, Month” for consistently making achieving 15% above target sales Perfected menu presentation skills, providing customers a holistic understanding of the barn summary, restaurant offerings, leading to more sales Trained 4 underperforming waiters in essays salesmanship methodology, increasing their sales to barn, meet company average. Experience with 3 types of analysis, POS Terminals, receipt roll replacement, and coffee machine cleaning Familiarity with common restaurant bread cutting machines, dishwashers, and knowledge of political, equipment cleaning processes Excellent basic math skills, able to calculate and analysis, split bills in the event of POS Terminal downtime. Consistently scored over 90% satisfaction rating on customer feedback surveys Conversational in Spanish (able to take orders from Spanish speaking customers.) Possess excellent conflict resolution skills in the event of barn burning, customer dissatisfaction. University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC. Bachelor of Science in Marketing, May 2005.
4 Steps to Writing the essays, Ultimate Server Resume. “Food service” encompasses many different roles within a restaurant, cafeteria, or other food service establishment, such as waiters and german phrases, servers, line cooks, bartenders, hosts and hostesses, and essays analysis, busboys. A waiter takes orders from a happy couple. These roles fall into what are called the essays papers quickstudy academic, “front end” (customer service) and the “back end” (food preparation) of the establishments. Essays. This resume is relevant to those of you with “front end” server experience. We will teach you why this is an excellent resume, and how you can write your own in a similar fashion. As a professional food service worker, you may currently be writing your resume in order to: Find a new working environment Earn more money Attain a managerial role. Read this resume writing guide to ensure you achieve your goals.
By the way be sure to read our Resume Writing 10 Commandments to understand the major rules that all resumes need to follow, including server resumes. If this seems difficult, you can always create a food service resume in minutes with our widely praised resume maker. 1. Include These Key Server, Waitress, and Waiter Skills. For some quick help, here are the key aspects you need to include on a server resume. Restaurant hiring managers will be looking for papers quickstudy academic these specific traits to analysis, decide if you’re a worthwhile candidate.
Be sure to include these key server skills on system research paper, your resume. Keep in mind that if you have any food service certifications, such as a Certification in Food Handling and essays, Safety, you should place it at the top of your resume. Essays. If you don’t have any, you can land more interviews and analysis, potentially increase your salary by earning one. The National Restaurant Association offers certifications here. 2. Write a Convincing Career Objective. The first major section of your resume is the miser essay, called the Career Objective. This applicant’s Career Objective IMMEDIATELY puts her on the short list for an interview because she included relevant information throughout the essays, objective. There are four reasons this example has a strong Career Objective.
Pay particular attention to the bolded parts: 1st: It immediately states years of german phrases, experience: 7+ years of experience in food preparation and service… 2nd: It indicates earned titles or certificates: Certificate in analysis Food Handling and Safety. 3rd: It emphasizes deep knowledge of the reward system research, business: Keen knowledge of wines, entrees , and the responsibilities of a successful restauranteur. 4th: It states the position she wants to essays analysis, fill: “Aiming to…effectively perform a management position at your restaurant. “ In the eyes of a hiring manager, this applicant’s Career Objective IMMEDIATELY puts her on the short list for an interview because she included great resume builders throughout the letter from concentration thesis, objective. It is also well written, and essays analysis, targeted at the managerial role she wants to fill. Good news!
Food service manager roles are projected to increase by 11% through 2022. It’s very important to remember that the Career Objective does not relate to & term quickstudy academic, what YOU want from the job, but rather what you can do for the company . In this way, the applicant makes a convincing argument that she’d be an asset to analysis, the company in a managerial role. Our step by the miser essay, step Career Objective writing guide can give you concrete ideas about how to essays analysis, write your own. 3. Describe your Server Experience with Numbers. Adding numbers to your job description bullet points will help the hiring manager grasp the german essay, size and scope of your responsibilities, and give them a clearer mental picture of your experience.
By quantifying your resume, it will immediately become better than the vast majority of analysis, your competition. The easiest way to do this is to & term quickstudy academic, simply write how big your food establishment is, and how many seats it has. The applicant does this twice for the two establishments she worked in, as you can see from the bolded text below: Write patrons’ food orders on slips, memorize orders, or enter orders into computers for transmittal to kitchen staff in a 150+ seat restaurant Present menus to patrons and answer questions about menu items, making recommendations upon request in essays analysis a 70+ seat restaurant. Even by making this simple addition, your resume will immediately be better than the essays papers quickstudy academic, vast majority of your competition. If you really want to blow away the hiring manager, you’ll need to analysis, do more complex research, like this example: Memorized restaurant’s wine stock and from concentration, the meals they should accompany, leading to essays, daily wine sales averaging $150, fully 20% higher than company average.
Do you know how much you make in sales daily or monthly? You can expect to make an political online average of essays, $47,960 per years as a Food Service Manager. Most restaurants — especially big chains — will track their servers’ sales statistics for the purposes of budgeting (and, of course, to german phrases a level, cajole low performers). You can ask your manager to see these statistics, and include them on your resume. Even if you didn’t perform spectacularly (like the applicant), simply including this information in your resume will indicate to the hiring manager that you are self-motivated and hard working. Essays. This is called writing an “achievement oriented” resume — and these tend to the miser essay, land the most interviews. Bonus: Action Verbs for Your Server Resume.
4. Include Relevant Additional Skills. Your Additional Skills section should not list your hobbies and interests, unless they are relevant to the job. Being bilingual in Spanish and English is analysis, a valuable asset to have, especially for a managerial position. (For instance, a wine connoisseur would be a valuable asset to letter camp, a restaurant that sells wine.) Since you are a professional food service worker, regardless if you are crafting a server resume or one seeking a more supervisory role, you should definitely include these bullet points in your Additional Skills section to build a stronger resume: Familiarity with Point of Sale terminals Problem solving and communication skills. If you also happen to be bilingual in essays Spanish and English, that also tends to be a valuable asset to have in a US based restaurant — especially for a managerial position. Candidate emphasizes having a Certification in Food Handling and the miser essay, Safety Candidate places Education Section first due to having recent school experience Candidate mentions her high customer satisfaction rating. Getting the Education Section Right. All entry-level candidate resume must begin with the analysis, education section.
Although this candidate has had prior work experience, it was as a trainee, or as a part-time worker. The most important reason the applicant is considered entry-level is because she just recently graduated from community college . This applicant has educational experience related to food service (Certificate in Food Handling and barn burning faulkner summary, Safety, BA in Food Science). Understandably, you may not — and analysis, that’s fine. If you have no experience whatsoever, you’ll need to write a very convincing cover letter that the employer should take a chance on system paper, you. The education section on an entry-level resume can be more detailed and whimsical than a professional resume , because it’s likely that you don’t have prior work experience. The hiring manager will be interested to know if you are generally an essays active person or not.
Therefore, you can include information about: Clubs you’ve joined Greek life you participate in Relevant coursework GPA (if above 3.5/4.0) Other Good Food Service Industry Samples. Waiter – Newjobs.com (Note: One of the few decent resume samples in german essay phrases this industry on analysis, the net. Papers Quickstudy Academic. The Professional Experience section introductory paragraphs are a bit overdone, and essays analysis, could instead use more bullet points.
Otherwise, this is a great sample.) Waiter- career-development-help.com (Note: A simple, but effective resume. Has a well done “Professional Profile”.) Cook – CC.edu (Note: Overall an excellent resume, although the Work Experience section is not formatted very well.) Share Food Service (Waitress #038; Waiter) Resume Samples Our code geeks and HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to help you land more interviews in today’s competitive job market. Essay Phrases. We provide HR-approved resume templates, built-in job description bullet point phrases to choose from, and easy export to MS Word and PDF. Get awesome job opportunities sent directly to your inbox.
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Example Analysis-Evaluation Essays #1
350 Words Essay On Youth Power Essays and Research Papers. in a more accurate way. WELL, that is how I feel about what I write. Since coming home for the summer, I’ve revisited old papers and essays . for further refinement and fine tweaking just because I think it’s fun (and because I’m a perfectionist, whoops). Analysis. So some of the essays I post are more loved and tended to than others, but today I am posting the first essay I wrote for the Nonfiction Writing class I took this past spring at KU. From. It’s come a long way since then, and I’m certain I will pay it. Microsoft Word , Political correctness , Word 2077 Words | 6 Pages. The Power of Youth in Creating “Corruption Free India” The essay is a study of role of . youth to analysis make country a corruption free nation. Barn Burning Faulkner. It is an effort to give concrete view point on the power of the integrated youth of nation who are future of the country and whose efforts are decisive for country’s progress. INTRODUCTION It is a no brainer that Corruption in India is at analysis, its rampant best.
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Power of Words Do you remember the saying as a child, “Sticks and essays stones may break my bones but words . will never hurt me?” The second part of this phase was and still is a nazi concentration camp commonly overlooked, but many can oppose this statement according to personal experiences. Not only have people’s feelings been hurt by words , but many lives have been lost as well. The power of words is extremely powerful and can affect one emotionally, physically, and mentally. A certain phrase, phrases. Essays. Abuse , Bullying , Emotion 943 Words | 3 Pages. bones but words will never hurt me.
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Bibliography , Citation , Harper Lee 641 Words | 3 Pages. The Book Thief Essay Question: Analyse how symbolism was used to reinforce an idea in a written text. A symbol is an essays analysis object that . represents, stands for, or suggests an idea, belief, action or material identity. Symbols take the form of words , sounds, gestures or visual images and & term academic are used to convey ideas and beliefs. In The Book Thief by Markus Zusak he has used powerful symbolism to show how words and literature are used to analysis symbolise destruction, and that they can be as powerful as a weapon. Political Essays. Adolf Hitler , Israel , Jews 1025 Words | 3 Pages. ?Polina Chukanova Ms. Essays. Pannunzio ENG3UI 03/03/2014 The Power of summary Words . . Patrie Rothfuss once said - “ Words are pale shadows of forgotten names.
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How effective was the Hitler Youth Movement as an institution promoting the Nazi ideology? In 1933, after World War I and the Treaty of Versailles put Germany in a devastating position, Hitler and NSDAP took control of essays Germany. The Nazis led campaigns and rallies to show their hatred towards the treaty and what they could do to reward system research help. The Nazis soon became very. Essays. Adolf Hitler , Aryan race , Fascism 1268 Words | 4 Pages.
Critical Essay : Strictly Ballroom “ Power tends to corrupt, and german essay phrases a level absolute power corrupts absolutely. Great men are . almost always bad men.” Baron Acton (1834 – 1902). Baz Luhrmann’s bizarre romantic comedy, “Strictly Ballroom”, is based on the idea suggested above, “absolute power corrupts absolutely”. Essays Analysis. Barry Fife, played by & term papers quickstudy academic Bill Hunter, could be seen and described as a dictator who rules the world, the world of ballroom dancing. He is the villain in the plot, the main antagonist. Baz Luhrmann conveys. Baz Luhrmann , Dance , Dance music 917 Words | 3 Pages.
Othello Words of Power December 12, 2011 The famous saying, The pen is mightier than the essays, sword means that with . words and brains, it can become a greater weapon than a sword. If such a person was to the miser essay have this power with words , then one shall lead to great things, if the person wishes to do so. In the play Othello by William Shakespeare, Iago uses his skills with persuasion and words to captivate the minds around him in reaching desired outcomes. Iago definitely demonstrates his powers with his. Brabantio , Desdemona , Iago 1312 Words | 4 Pages. Essays. ? I BELIEVE. WORDS CAN HAVE POWER I believe words , whether spoken or written can have . power . They can bring happiness and joy, pain and system paper sorrow, lift a person up, drag a person down, pierce a heart like a dagger. Words can also give hope to someone who thought they were dying. On another level, there is the power that words take on when you speak them.
Just the action of taking your thoughts and essays putting them out into the universe makes them real and letter from thesis powerful. One should always. Best Friends , Debut albums , English-language films 998 Words | 3 Pages. Essays Analysis. Engaging Youth in Religion: Youth Ministers. Youth Ministry “Train children in the right way and when old, they will not stray.” These are words which we often here . from our parents, grandparents and ministers, and most likely have memorized, since we were young.
As youth and german essay phrases a level teenagers these words probably seemed easy enough for our parents and later for ourselves to analysis fulfill; but the more mature we became, the barn faulkner, more we realized what a gigantic task, “to train children in the right way” is. Essays. The Lord has entrusted to us; whether we are. Ageism , Bible , Education 1645 Words | 5 Pages. The Power of a Word A single word can be used to belittle, hurt, and humiliate. One word can . cause so much hurt to a person that they burst into tears or spiral down into a damaging hole that they can't get out of for an extended amount of time. Research. Throughout history, names have been used to keep a population in essays its place. Insults have been hurled to make a single person understand what another thinks of them. German A Level. Words are used all the time to cause damage to a person or an entire peoples soul. Afro-Latin American , Black people , Miscegenation 1884 Words | 5 Pages. on the use of “forbidden words ” in the media, the individual responsibility of using curse words has increased.
In this research . I have found that the use of curse words has heightened some people’s sensitivity to these words . Children are the most affected and the parents are not far behind. Essays Analysis. The use of curse words in our media has changed our perspective; children and teens use them sometimes on the daily basis, but is this change a good thing? The common curse words , some starting with S’s and. Curse , Fuck , Minced oath 1426 Words | 5 Pages. Darsielle Hayes 2/2/06 Eng 202B Power of paper Youth and Beauty Some say that beauty is in analysis the eyes . of the beholder. The Miser Essay. Others say that it(beauty) is analysis only skin deep. A person that is considered to have overwhelming beauty can commit a heinous crime and be forgiven because they have such beauty. In a society that puts beauty on a pedestal, youth and physical attractiveness become valuable possessions. Oscar Wilde's novel The Picture of Dorian Gray, prove all of political online these. Essays Analysis. Beauty , Dorian Gray syndrome , Gothic fiction 1812 Words | 5 Pages.
one needs to understand the german essay a level, origin of words . Etymology, according to Yule(2006) is “the study of the origin and history of a . word ” (p.35). This process is used in the evolution of words today, the internet is the building block of this process. The internet is a catalyst for a number of new words that have become normal in everyday language. Analysis. This has raised some fundamental questions about the nature of such words being included in burning faulkner the dictionary. This essay will argue that although change is analysis inevitable. English language , Etymology , French language 1231 Words | 4 Pages. & Term Quickstudy Academic. America’s Youth Lisa Cook University of Phoenix COMM/215 April 22, 2008 I. Introduction With Youth . exposed to so much in society, struggles have merely been the biggest concern of youth today. Reclaiming children and youth from negativity we perceive to be normal have worked for some but not all. Youth are exposed too much in analysis today’s world.
Gangs, suicide, adolescent sex, harmful video games, negative music; have been the political essays, biggest influence on youth today. Youth mentorship. 1918 , 1921 , 1925 1016 Words | 4 Pages. The Power of Language 1984 Comparison Essay. The Power of Language George Orwell, the writer of many highly regarded literary works, is extremely interested in the . power of language, mainly how it is abused. By analyzing two of his works, 1984 and Politics and The English Language, it is clear that Orwell is using his writing to bring awareness to the dangers of the manipulation, misuse, and decline of language. In 1984 he demonstrates how language can be used to control thought and manipulate the past. This is proven. Analysis. Communism , English language , George Orwell 1536 Words | 4 Pages.
In words of political essays James” Youth is the essays, joy, the little bird that has broken out of the eggs and is eagerly waiting to spread out its . wings in the open sky of freedom and hope.” Power of Youth Youth is the spring of Life. It is the the miser essay, age of essays analysis discovery and dreams. India is of largest youth population in the world today. The entire world is eyeing India as a source of from camp technical manpower. They are looking at our youth as a source of talents at low costs for their future super profits. If Indian youth make. Asia , Developed country , Developing country 509 Words | 2 Pages. the Usage of the “N” Word When discussing the definition, effects, and analysis the history behind the “N” word , it is interesting how . this word has managed to letter thesis change over time from having a descriptive meaning, to a negative connotation, and to a positive controversial meaning.
That is why there are those who believe that the “N” word should and analysis should not be used, and there are those that believe that only some (or the german essay a level, accepted ones) should use it in order to avoid conflicts. This essay will go over some. Black people , Hip hop , Hip hop music 918 Words | 3 Pages. ?2000 Word Essay on Disrespecting an NCO by SPC BUTLER On November 21, I received a negative counseling for disrespecting a Non . Commissioned Officer, though it was warranted by essays a series of events I didn’t agree with I should have found a more appropriate way to voice my concerns. The online dictionary defines disrespect as an expression of lack of respect and a fashion that is thesis generally disrespectful and essays analysis contemptuous. I define disrespect as putting one down verbally, physical or emotionally. In. Corporal , Non-commissioned officer , Officer 2059 Words | 3 Pages. renunciation; it depends wholly on the young people of India.” These were the golden words of Swami Vivekananda. Barn Burning Faulkner Summary. The greatest wealth and . strength of any nation is its youth . The future of a nation lies in the hands of essays its posterity. The quality of its youth determines the kind of future, the nation will have.
Therefore, if we want to ensure a bright future for our country, we first need to strengthen and empower our youth . The youth of any nation and society are its potential energy. Barn. They are the powerhouse. Energy , Leander Paes , Mahesh Bhupathi 666 Words | 2 Pages. Yes. Perhaps you should) Discuss how ideas about essays analysis, power are presented in this extract and at least one other point in the play. . Power is a very strong theme in Oleanna, it’s one that runs through out the play. Mamet was aware about the power struggles in online America at the same time he wrote the analysis, play. The play was written in the 1990’s, at this time in the miser essay America there was a very hot topic about analysis, ‘Gender Struggles’. It was the point where men had more power than women. It was the rise of second wave feminism.
2002 albums , Power , The Play 1335 Words | 3 Pages. The Odyssey Translations Essay WORD. ?The Odyssey Translations Essay The Odyssey is an epic poem, written in system classical Greek, describing Odysseus's adventures in his ten year . attempt to essays analysis return to Ithaca after the Trojan War. Since this 2,500 year old book was written, there have been several English translations that are believed to from thesis be the closest interpretations to the original version of essays analysis The Odyssey. From Concentration Camp. Alexander Pope, Emile V. Rieu, Robert Fitzgerald, and Robert Fagles each wrote a translation of his own. These translations are read.
Aeneid , Cyclops , Homer 865 Words | 3 Pages. ?“The Power of Youth ” 490 Words I think that youth has a lot of power in their . hands to essays analysis make this a better world, but they just don’t know how to use it. They don’t have any experience and essays papers academic they are not willing to learn from it. I think that with the youth we have today we are not going to have a good future. There are a lot of students that are dropping out of school. Teenagers are not taking their education seriously. There also young people that are not using their power to essays vote.
Youth has a. Letter Thesis. Childhood , Debut albums , Education 500 Words | 2 Pages. The Power of Music -Charles, Chloe Lee “Somewhere over the rainbow, way up high,” the melody echoes in my room. Analysis. The song has a . magical power that refreshes me. It is surprising that there is not definite proof of the power of political essays music. The power of music has been studied for essays, a long time, but since it is a rather abstract subject, this power is not easy to define. When human beings are born, they experience new sights, smells, and the miser essay sounds. Like the sound of essays whirling wind, rain drops, footsteps.
Africa , Band Aid , Duran Duran 1488 Words | 4 Pages. Explication Essay of Cities and Thrones and Powers, by Rudyard Kipling. ?Explication Essay of “Cities and Thrones and Powers ” by Rudyard Kipling Essay by David Taylor “Cities and . Reward. Thrones and essays Powers , / Stand in Time’s eye,” (lines 1, 2). These lines set the letter from a nazi thesis, stage for essays, the poem’s meaning. German Essay Phrases. Rudyard Kipling uses figurative language, word choice, and rhythm to create the meaning “Nothing in this world lasts forever, but life is everlasting,” Rudyard Kipling then dives further and creates a deeper meaning underneath that of the first saying, to enjoy the experience of life. Kim , Life , Meaning of life 599 Words | 3 Pages. Words are powerless when looked at individually but they have the potential for good or evil, when someone who can properly use them to his . Essays. or her advantage. System Research. That is what Nathaniel Hawthorne quote means, and I fully agree with him. Essays Analysis. An example of words being used for evil could be a dictator trying to convince his people that he is best for the country. An example of german essay a level words being used for good could be a civil rights activist trying to persuade people to get along and to treat everyone with respect. Core issues in essays analysis ethics , Evil , God 1292 Words | 4 Pages.
The Power of Love- Comparitive Essay. The power of love- Comparative essay In both visual and written texts, love operates as a powerful and inescapable force, . which can influence life in phrases various ways. In Shakespeare’s ‘Othello’ love is represented as a forbidden romantic experience which ultimately ends in analysis tragedy. Wayne Bennet represents a love of political online life in his autobiography, ‘Don’t Die With the Music in You’, through the exploration of analysis his love for football and coaching. Finally, Baz Luhrman represents love in the film ‘Moulin Rouge’. System Research Paper. Baz Luhrmann , Iago , Love 1102 Words | 3 Pages. Absolute Power Corrupts Absolutely Essay Absolute power corrupts the leaders with the most power . Essays Analysis. because they end up abusing their power and hurting the themselves and the people that are closet to them. Letter A Nazi Concentration Camp Thesis. They use their power for essays, their own personal gain and do not listen to anyone else. In the novel, Animal Farm, absolute power corrupts absolutely because Napoleon is in charge of the farm but then he gains to much power and end up losing the farm.
Napoleon is a pig and the leader of Animal Farm. American films , Animal Farm , English-language films 1012 Words | 3 Pages. The Influence of Hip Hop on Today's Youth. Anaya Ragland April 30, 2012 English Composition II Dr. Janardanan Research Analysis Essay The Influence of Hip Hop on Today’s . Youth “After silence, that which comes nearest to political essays expressing the inexpressible is music.” This profound statement from English writer, Aldous Huxley, demonstrates the importance that music obtains in essays analysis today’s society. Simply, music is a form of expression, not limited to any specific genre. Burning Faulkner Summary. Although this expression is analysis not limited to one genre, there is one that. African American , African American culture , Black people 2254 Words | 6 Pages. Analytical Essay : Power In the United States of America, the government follows the structure of a Democracy.
Which means there . is a president, a man who has a large say in whatever decisions are made. Once it’s time for a new man to concentration take in essays analysis the honor of being president, it is up to reward system paper that person to decide how they want to essays use their newly granted power . German Phrases A Level. In the novel, Lord of the Flies written by essays William Golding, the power shifts back and forth between Jack and Ralph multiple times. Just like every. Fiction , Leadership , Novel 1060 Words | 3 Pages. What is power , and how does it present itself in our lives? We know for certain that it proves as the online, one thing that either keeps people . together, makes them revolt, or changes history overall. But what is it really? Is it the ability to do or act, or is it political/national strength? Does it always have to essays be represented by a person in charge? Or is political online it just something in our minds that has the essays, possession to control our influence. There are so many meanings behind this short yet ‘powerful’ word , such.
Animal , Animal Farm , George Orwell 1165 Words | 3 Pages. Essays & Term. The Role of Teenagers in analysis the Society Should Strengthen “Miracles can happen when young people get together” these were the words said by . Jeanne Sauve, the letter from concentration camp, former governor general of Canada. Today, I, take the honour to be able to stand in front of you, respected government officials and speak for the roles and rights of teenagers in essays the society to be strengthen. So before I put forth my opinion on this topic, I would like to ask you, who are these teenagers? Do you think they are the system paper, ones who. Country , Ethics , First One 537 Words | 2 Pages. Abstract Youth Violence has become a very wide spread epidemic, many people have different views on the cause which is making these kids . become violent. Experts have done many studies on the effects of watching violent movies, TV, and playing violent video games have on our young children. The types of families these kids come from are different walks of life that affect the way kids act towards other people and themselves. Violent kids do so many different crimes that really affect people’s lives. Aggression , Crime , Media violence research 1277 Words | 4 Pages. ?Assignment The student should complete a brief essay analysing the use of technologies to essays analysis enhance your own learning and teaching.
This should . also include the benefits and limitations of using technology in learning and teaching. (400 words minimum) Technology has moved on in leaps and bounds within the last thirty years and can be a great benefit but may also be frustrating for some that do not understand how to use it. From my own perspective the phrases a level, internet (computers, tablets and phones) has helped. Analysis. Learning 916 Words | 2 Pages. John Doe English Mrs. Robinson 01/14/2003 The Power of a Word Passion: strong emotion, desire. The Power of . a Word is all about how it is political online interpreted. Interpretation can change the meaning of any word . An eighty-year old man's interpretation of the word passion would probably vary from a twenty-year old woman's interpretation of passion.
Interpretation is key when it comes to defining a word . Rick Shaw says that passion is The desire to do something that you like come hell or high-water. Definition , Emotion , Interpretation 470 Words | 2 Pages. McCurdy Power Corrupts All Essay Throughout our life, a normal person’s life, we will have someone who we follow or look up . to. Those types of people could either be your boss, a president, or maybe even one of your parents. Essays. What if your boss suddenly told you that now every morning you come into work you had to leave a dollar at his office door for working for him? That would not make you very happy that it would cost you a dollar just to go to reward research paper work. This is just one example of essays analysis how power can corrupt.
Animal Farm , Capital punishment , Castle Rock Entertainment 1367 Words | 4 Pages. ?The Power of from Language Language is to power as words are to books, with one comes the essays analysis, other. The use of language . correctly and fluently gives the burning faulkner summary, speaker power over others; this brings about essays, a moral obligation to use the power given correctly, as well as an opportunity to help others in many different ways. Malcolm X’s autobiographical essay , “Coming to and Awareness of Language”, William Lutz’s “Doublespeak”, and Gloria Naylor’s “Meanings of summary a Word ” are all on the subject of essays language and power. Black people , Black supremacy , Doublespeak 1641 Words | 4 Pages. The 500- word Essay : Some Thoughts Gordon Thompson The 500- word length is consistent with many other kinds of . professional writing, from blogs to faulkner book reviews. Moreover, if you want to capture and hold your audience's attention, the analysis, three-section statement maximizes your opportunity. The statements below provide ideas on how you might successfully write. The short essays for burning, this seminar have several goals. Essays. 1. They provide you with an opportunity to explore a topic we have covered in our discussions. English passive voice , Essay , Grammar 1108 Words | 3 Pages. Should Parents be blamed or Youth Violence.
ACADEMIC ESSAY Should Parents be blamed or Youth . Violence Youth violence is one of the escalating problems facing our society nowadays (Yonus n.d). What is youth violence? Based on Natalie (2002), youth violence is essays online necessity to oversee youth violence relative incidence, analyses behavior over time, measuring the range of youth violence in different legal power . Youth violence is regarding the young person, for example. Essays Analysis. Adolescence , Childhood , Media violence research 842 Words | 3 Pages. Aggressions in the Youth of Pakistan - Essay.
Aggressions in the Youth of Pakistan FINAL DRAFT: The youth of today is the future of tomorrow. Youth are the papers quickstudy, . representative of essays energy, happiness and freshness. Life is the synonym for & term academic, youth . They are innovative and always ready to face challenges. Shams ur Rehman said “ Youth is the essays, time to essays online join war, youth is the essays analysis, time to fall in love” this quotation highlights the two very distinct faces of a coin. Young generation is always considered as a symbol of aptitude but even they have some imperfection. Martin Luther King, Jr. , Nation , Pakistan 1030 Words | 3 Pages. 800 Word Essay Food, health and medical technologies have a large impact on individuals and communities today and in the . Barn. future. Throughout this paper, discussion will involve the issues that society faces regarding food and health and how we can create a healthier and safer world for our future. Analysis. The food industry has a large impact on a nazi camp thesis individuals and will affect wider communities in the future. The rush of today’s society has pushed food production to become more commercialized with prepackaged/premade. Essays. Fast food , Food , Health 826 Words | 3 Pages.
YOUTH POWER Everyone believes in his youth that the world really began with him, and that all merely exist for . his sake. Faulkner. * Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe, Great Quotes for Great Educators Youth is the first victim of war; the first fruit of peace. - King Baudouin I, King of Belgium According to the United Nations definition, “ youth ” are people between the analysis, ages of fifteen and political twenty-four. This makes up approximately 18% of the world population. By this definition, while there are about 1.2. Essays. Ageism , Index of youth articles , Joseph Conrad 5498 Words | 15 Pages. passenger van down a long country road to german a youth conference. I was a young girl who had no idea how the essays, next 30 minutes would transpire into . the most embarrassing time of my life. The middle school church group was headed to a youth conference like we always did, but this trip was three hours away from home.
I was your typical middle school girl having fun on the van singing, laughing, talking and making jokes. The driver of the van Sam was our adult youth pastor he was funny, loud and loves GOD. Middle school , Sensory 754 Words | 4 Pages. 346). In his essay , “Slurring Spanish,” Luis Rodriguez highlights the difficulties of bilingual speakers, specifically Spanish speakers, in . America. Letter Concentration Camp. He concentrates on the challenges that Spanish speakers face in school from having English forced as the language to be spoken at all times, moreover Rodriguez points out two Spanish-speaking students that experienced the essays analysis, hardships of bilingual speakers in an “English Only” education system. Although Luis Rodriguez could have written his essay in his native. System Research Paper. Bilingual education , English language , French language 1061 Words | 4 Pages. Frustration in youth Respected intellectual judges, elders in presence and my colleagues. I am here with a subject which is concerning us . “The youth ”. My words may be simple but expressive and will be leaving a great message for essays, the parents and mentors who perform the leaders in the society. The debate is time bounded and may result leaving some stones unturned but I tried my level best and I am sure that will be useful for the society.
Here comes my subject:- We come across strikes, agitation. Contemporary history , Frustration , Future 1019 Words | 3 Pages. Zoot Suit Essay Assignment Discrimination is like looking at german a level, a box of analysis crayons and essays papers not seeing all of the colors. Essays Analysis. The police . brutalize to people in the U.S. who they frequently arrest entire groups of reward Mexican American kids who socialize on street corners and they charge them with vagrancy, crimes. Analysis. Since Mexican Americans are the largest racial minority in Los Angeles, discussions about youth crime waves and rebellion inevitably focused on them. This is an example of how youth are criminalized. Los Angeles , Mexican American , Pachuco 955 Words | 3 Pages. Phrases. Role of youth in Transforming India ‘ Youth is like a fire It crept forward. A Spark at essays, first Growing into a flame The . brightening into a Blaze’. Introduction: Martin Luther has said, I have a Dream and the miser essay the dream come largely true. If he had not thought of that dream he would have accomplished nothing in his life.
To climb high one has to think of climbing the Everest. One may not go higher. Civil disobedience , Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi , Nonviolence 982 Words | 3 Pages. Analysis. A Definition Essay on the Word Romance. The Attraction of Romance Romance: the word the puts the the miser essay, art in heart, the word describes the actions that take place to imprint . Essays. your name in a girls head, the word that everyone thinks about when two people are madly in love with one another.
The Oxford English Dictionary tells the word came from 1497 from research paper, a time when chivalry was the key to love. In this time, the analysis, word meant to be chivalrous, but in modern times to romance someone is to “put your moves on them” to dazzle someone with your personality. English language , French language , Kid Rock 925 Words | 3 Pages.
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essay on diglossia Psichari (1928) - In what is essays perhaps the letter from a nazi concentration camp thesis earliest use of diglossia, this writer refers to the situation of Greek at the end of the 19th century, describing Greece as a country that doesn#146;t want its language. This observation refers to the fact that while Dimotiki (popular language, people#146;s language) is analysis used as the everyday medium of communication, Katharévusa (pure language) is used for writing, and reflects Classical Greek more than the popular form. Marçais (1930) - This writer described the situation in barn burning faulkner the Arabic world in the thirties, when the gulf between spoken Arabic dialects and the classical standard was particularly large. Since then, a third version of Arabic has arisen to essays analysis, serve as the barn summary standard for use in public discourse.
Ferguson (1959) - This linguist was responsible for publicizing the term in a famous 1959 Word article. Essays Analysis? Swiss German, Haitian Creole. Fishman (1967) - The widespread nature of Paraguayan bilingualism caused Fishman to hypothesize that diglossia could occur in any situation where two language varieties, even unrelated ones, are used in political online functionally distinct ways. Ferguson's definition - the side-by-side existence of two structurally and historically related language varieties (a High variety and a Low variety, referred to as H and L) throughout a community, each of which has a distinct role to play (examples found in Greece, Egypt, Haiti, and analysis, Switzerland) Function - H is the barn faulkner more elegant, formal variety. L is used for less politically important functions. Prestige - Attitudes toward H are more positive than towards L. H is the prestigious variety and L is the stigmatized variety. Literary Heritage - H is analysis associated with a long literary tradition.
H is always used in writing. L fulfills few written functions. Barn Burning? It may be found in cartoons or in the speech of characters in novels. Acquisition - L is always acquired as a first language. H is always learned in a formal, educational setting. Standardization - Dictionaries and grammars document the form of H. Essays Analysis? L usually has no such support. Stability - Diglossia is a long-lived phenomenon.
Latin-Spanish diglossia survived from approximately 700 to the end of the german essay phrases first millenium. H and L borrow from one another, although L forms are shunned when using H. Grammar - The morphology of L is often simpler than that of H. Analysis? Cases and verb inflections are reduced; from barn burning summary, African-American vernacular, fifty cent instead of fifty cents. Lexicon - A striking feature of diglossia is the existence of paired lexical items, where L and H have different terms for analysis, the same object; from Paraguayan Guaraní, silla instead of apyka (chair) Phonology - H preserves the a nazi underlying phonological system, and L diverges from it, typically having evolved away from the classical form over many hundreds of years; from Vulgar Latin, specla instead of specula (mirror) Everyone in a community knows both H and L, which are functionally differentiated. (Haiti)
An unstable, transitional situation in which everyone in a community knows both H and L, but are shifting to H. (German-speaking Belgium) Speakers of H rule over speakers of essays, L (colonial Paraguay. A completely egalitarian speech community, where there is no language variation. (Humanity before the Tower of german essay a level, Babel) Hudson (1990) has pointed out that Fishman#146;s reformulation of the concept of diglossia is problematic, because the direction of language evolution in a classic diglossic situation is opposite to that in the case of widespread bilingualism. Ferguson#146;s diglossia: L/H Æ L. The Low variety takes over the outdated High variety; in Greece for example, Katharévusa has been modified over the years to reflect much more closely the essays vernacular currently in use. The same phenomenon has occurred in the Arabic world. Fishman#146;s diglossia: L/H Æ H. The Low variety loses ground to the superposed High variety; in almost all situations of societal bilingualism, the L language loses ground to the H language. The H language is usually spoken by system, those in economic and political power.
In the United States, some Spanish-speakers reserve their languages for different functions, Spanish in essays the home and English in public. This is similar to classic diglossia, but over & term quickstudy time, Spanish gives way to English. Essays Analysis? Children end up learning the H variety and leaving the L variety behind. By the fourth generation following immigration, the traditional language is present only in small ways: phrases and barn faulkner, a few cultural features are all that remain. Individual Bilingualism - The existence in the mind of an individual of two (native) languages; as Fishman conceives of it, a psycholinguistic phenomenon. Societal Bilingualism - The use in a society of two languages; conceivably, there could be a society in which two languages are used but where relatively few individuals are actually bilingual; as Fishman conceives of essays, it, a sociolinguistic phenomenon. Stable Bilingualism - The persistence of essays & term papers quickstudy, bilingualism in essays a society over online a period of several generations. Although no situation of bilingualism is perfectly stable, Paraguay constitutes one of the most interesting examples of this phenomenon. Over the last nearly 50 years, the relative proportions of monolingualism in Spanish and Guaraní and of Spanish-Guaraní bilingualism have remained essentially unchanged; however, the census figures mask a highly dynamic situation. Intergenerational Language Shift - The successive loss of the traditional language by younger generations.
Typical Pattern of Intergenerational Language Shift in essays analysis Immigrant Communities: first generation - Immigrants dominant in home language and know host language of host country to varying degrees. second generation - Children of immigrants born in or who move to host country before age 16 often fluent bilinguals. third generation - Children of bilinguals may learn traditional language, aspassive bilinguals, understanding only and dominant in the host language. fourth generation - Children of passive bilinguals have no competence in traditional language, except phrases and isolated words. code-switching - changing from one language to another: Sometimes I start a sentence in English, y luego termino en espanol. situational switching - a change in topic, person, or place could lead to a switch from one variety to the other. metaphorical switching - a switch from Ranamål to Bokmål in a public setting could have the effect of signalling solidarity between the interlocutors.
code-mixing - speaking in the miser essay one language, but using pieces from another. Shopper - ?Dónde está el thin-sliced bread? Clerk - Está en aisle three, sobre el second shelf, en el wrapper rojo. style-shifting - variation within a language (changing between Standard English and African-American Vernacular) language borrowing - permanent incorporation of words from essays, one language into the lexicon of political essays online, another language. Many English words come from other languages: domain analysis - Domains of verbal interaction may be defined in part by person, place, social context (situation or level of formality) and topic. Essays Analysis? Sociologists of burning, language analyze language choice by domains. Varieties in essays analysis a diglossic or bilingual situation are functionally differentiated by domain. place - location of conversation (topic); this is probably the most significant defining element of a given domain.
Language choice in bilingual situations (and diglossic situations) changes according to place of letter from camp thesis, discourse. Which of the places below would be more likely a setting for use of Spanish in the US? person - roles of analysis, interlocutors in a conversation; these roles tend to be played in certain settings, which in turn are associated with a given language; in a situation of Spanish-English bilingualism in the US, where would the following roles be played, and in what languages would communication occur? context, or level of formality (also referred to as situation) - language choice depends on the social context. Looking at the examples below, you might speculate as to which language, Spanish or English, would be used in a given context in the US.
evening meal (formal, at home) lunchtime chat (informal, in government cafeteria) pillow talk (intimate, at home) introduction (formal, in neighborhood) arraignment (formal, in german essay court) topic, or subject of analysis, conversation - topics tend to be discussed in political essays online given circumstances, and in bilingual situations, a given language will be used to discuss a given topic. cost of vegetables. reason for tardiness. whether evidence proves guilt. documentation of deductions. speech accommodation theory - All people have at analysis, least a few styles in their linguistic repertoire.
Then they must make choices about which variety to use with a given person in a given situation to german, realize a certain goal. linguistic repertoire - the essays linguistic varieties that an from a nazi concentration camp, individual has at her or his disposal. speech accommodation - adjustments that one makes to speech in analysis response to political essays, the speech of another. convergence - the choice of a language variety to make communication easier, to show solidarity. foreigner talk - use of circumlocutions, paraphrase, concrete words, simplified syntax and morphology, more standard pronunciation, raising one's voice. motherese or baby talk - simplified language designed to essays, be comprehensible to a child.
divergence - the choice of german phrases, a language variety meant to make communication more difficult, to show sociocultural distance; a native speaker may speed up, use abstract words or words that are known to be difficult to analysis, understand to faulkner summary, nonnatives, or lower the volume of speech. An example of societal bilingualism (or Fishman-like diglossia) Frisian (summarized in Fasold 1984) Friesland, a province in northeastern Holland, is bilingual: Dutch-Frisian. Frisian is notable for being the closest linguistic cousin of the English language. Population - 550,000 (4% of the analysis Netherlands) Religion - First church service in Frisian held in 1915; first Frisian Bible published in 1943. Frisian 83% speak; 97% understand; 69% read; 11% write. Dutch and Frisian not mutually intelligible. Dutch and system paper, Frisian in a situation of Fishman-type diglossia, but with functional leakage . The following data (from Pietersen 1978, reproduced in Fasold 1984)) are from a survey by essays, the Frisian Academy in reward 1969.
At that time, as shown below, 28% of the leaders surveyed used Frisian at essays, home with the family. Nearly all farmers used Frisian at home. All of the groups surveyed reported using more Dutch with notables (ministers and doctors, for example), but even in burning faulkner the more formal context, Frisian is used. The situation is certainly not perfectly diglossic, even in Fishman#146;s sense, but the pattern is essays analysis clearly one that relegates Frisian to barn burning, more informal situations and Dutch to more formal situations. A hallmark of diglossia, according to essays, Hudson#146;s interpretation of Ferguson#146;s conceptualization of the phenomenon, is that variation in language use depends not on who you are but instead on the social situation in which you find yourself. Research Paper? In the bilingual situation in Friesland, who you are certainly does have an impact on language use. People of higher social class tend to use Dutch, even in the home, whereas people of lower social class tend to use Frisian, even in formal situations. functional leakage - partial overlap of language uses in a diglossic or bilingual situation: in analysis Friesland, leaders use Dutch in informal situations and farmers use Frisian in formal situations. History of Frisian Language Policy. 1907, study of Frisian allowed outside of school. 1937, Frisian allowed as school subject.
1938, Frisian Academy established. 1955, Frisian allowed in the courts (spoken only) 1972, Frisian obligatory in schools, beginning in 1980. Determination - Determination refers to the decision-making process that is used to decide what languages will be promoted in a country or province. Dutch is used for most public purposes, and paper, has been historically. Standardization, Orthography and Vocabulary - Frisian is basically a spoken but it also written and used to publish books. Government - Government is in Dutch, Frisian allowed in courts. Education - Frisian required in primary schools; Dutch predominates. Frisian-medium education does no harm, although progress in essays Dutch is slower for first three years. Frisian is a well developed small-group standard language. Educational language planning follows social and the miser essay, political rather than educational criteria.
Criteria - Fasold (1984) states that if educational benefit were the analysis criterion, the Frisian language program would be an unnecessary expense, because all children know Dutch; the benefit is political. Attitudes - Frisian rated more highly than Dutch; there is an active Frisian preservation movement. Nevertheless, it is important to recognize that the language is associated with rural values and the farming life. The Miser Essay? In Friesland cities such as Leeuwarden, Dutch is heavily predominant. The most significant example of essays analysis, societal bilingualism in burning the US involves Spanish and English. Think of attitudes in the US towards Spanish. Are they the same as in Friesland?
Why do you suppose bilingualism provokes such an uproar in the US when in Friesland the situation is apparently much more positive? (Hint: Consider the historical relationship and linguistic relationship between the two languages involved.) Some Data on US Spanish-English Bilingualism. The claims published by proponents of official US English that US Hispanics are refusing to learn English are examined here in light of data produced in academic research and by the US Bureau of the Census. Analysis? The purpose of this analysis is to use little-understood sociolinguistic aspects of national US English-Spanish bilingualism to refute incontrovertibly the political online claims of many official English boosters, but at the same time to reveal the dynamic effect of change in language use on ethnolinguistic identity. In 1990, of the 230,445,777 persons in the U.S. who were age five or. Mother tongue of U.S. citizens 5 years and over who speak a language other than English. Number of U.S. citizens 5 years and over who speak a language other than English. Number of U.S. citizens 5 years and over who do not speak English #145;very well#146; Percent who do not speak English #145;very well#146; Table 1. US Language Use, 1990 (Persons 5 years and over: 230,445,777) over, 31,844,979 spoke a language other than English at home (see Table 1).
Of these, 13,982,502, or approximately 6% of the analysis U.S. population reported not speaking the English at the level #145;very well.#146; The census bureau reports that over 75% of nonnative English speakers claim to speak English at least #145;well#146;. This means that of the 32 million non-native speakers of English, slightly fewer than eight million, or 3.5% reported speaking English less than #145;well.#146; Even someone who reports that his or her English is only #145;fair#146; can hardly considered to be a non-English-speaker, so this method of determining acceptable English proficiency is essays online conservative. Nonetheless, even using this conservative estimate, 96.5% of the country speaks English #145;well#146; or #145;very well.#146; Within this national context, the figures in Table 1 show that while the proportion of US Hispanics who report speaking English #145;very well#146; is somewhat higher than that of the total population of non-English-mother-tongue Americans, a higher proportion of the US population of essays, Asian/Pacific origin is of limited English proficiency (as defined by this overly conservative method). The figures in Table 1 also reveal that although speakers of many other languages were also living in essays papers academic and immigrating to the United States, speakers of Spanish constituted the essays overwhelming majority of individuals claiming a language other than English as their mother tongue. Bills, Hernández-Chávez and Hudson have refined a number of research, relevant measures which simplify the job of understanding language shift.
The most basic and easily understood is count , which is simply the total number of individuals in a given group . In Table 2 the U.S. and U.S. Hispanic counts are presented. The figures are indeed striking. Analysis? The historic increase in the numbers of United States Hispanics that occurred during the last decade was actually eclipsed in some respects by the increase in Hispanics during the seventies, which alerted the supporters of official English to the challenge that their language faced. In 1970, the total U.S. population count was 203,302,031, and the miser essay, Hispanic density , defined by Bills, Hernández-Chávez and Hudson as the proportion of the essays analysis population that is of Hispanic origin , stood at only 3.9% (see Table 2). German Essay? Just over essays 12% of those Hispanics had immigrated to theUnited States during the previous decade. By 1980, of the total U.S. population of 226,545,580, 6.4% was Hispanic. The Hispanic population had increased by 5,536,017 to german phrases, 14,608,673.
United States Count (USC) Hispanic Density (HC/USC) Hispanic Immigrant Count (HIC) Hispanic Immigrant Density (HIC/USC) Table 2. U.S. Hispanic Count and Density, 1970-1990. The data on the increase in the U.S. Hispanic count may be analyzed in greater detail in order to allow for a more complete understanding of this important demographic shift of the seventies (see Table 3). By comparing the 1970 and 1980 figures on density and analysis, count, we can derive two rates of increase . The first is an increase in Hispanic count, calculated by expressing the difference between the 1980 and political essays online, 1970 figures as a proportion of the essays analysis 1970 count: 14,608,673-9,072,602)/9,072,602 = .61.
Multiplying this figure by 100 allows one to express the increase as a percentage of the 1970 figure: 61%. The rate of from, increase in Hispanic count dropped to 50% in the next decade. A second rate of essays analysis, increase is in what Bills, Hernández-Chávez, Hudson, refer to as 'density,' that is, the political online percentage of the essays entire population that is Hispanic (see density figures in Table 2). The rate of increase in Hispanic density from 1970 to 1980 was 64%. During the next decade the rate of increase was much less at from a nazi concentration camp thesis, 38%. Another factor that has contributed to the perception in the early eighties that the population of U.S.
Hispanics, especially Spanish-speaking Hispanics, was increasing rapidly, was the tremendous influx of immigrants to the United States. In 1970, only 0.5% of the U.S. population had migrated from Hispanic countries during the previous decade (this is labeled Hispanic Immigrant Density in Table 2). In 1980, 0.6% of the U.S. population had migrated from Hispanic countries. Table 3 shows the increase from 1970 to essays, 1980 in Hispanic immigrant density to reward system paper, be 20%. Certainly this increase was even more noticeable in border states. Hispanic Immigrant Count. Hispanic Immigrant Density.
Table 3. Rates of Increase in U.S. Hispanic and Hispanic Immigrant Count and Density, 1970-1990 . These figures are also important in explaining the nascent fear in the early eighties that English was under siege, since recent immigrants typically do not speak English as well as those who have lived here ten or more years. During the eighties, the increase in essays Hispanic immigrant count and density was even more dramatic, and lends further support to the idea that the increased linguistic evidence of Hispanic presence fueled the anti-immigrant and English-only movements of the eighties. What is especially remarkable about the data in Table 3 is the large difference between Hispanic and Hispanic immigrant rates of increase. Whereas the rate of the miser essay, increase in essays analysis total Hispanic count and density dropped, the rate of essay phrases, increase in Hispanic immigrant count and density rose. Essays Analysis? To the casual observer, the effect was a notable increase in the use of Spanish in the United States during the seventies and especially during the eighties. The above analysis of the effect of rising Hispanic and Hispanic immigrant count and barn burning faulkner, density shows the basis of some of the fears of those associated with U.S. ENGLISH, but an important question has been left unanswered. Essays? Are U.S. Hispanics clinging to their mother tongue?
Hispanic count and the miser essay, density are not direct measures of language behavior and therefore cannot be used to answer this question. Bills, Hernández-Chávez, and Hudson identify two useful measures of language maintenance and shift by Hispanics. They include Spanish loyalty , the proportion of analysis, a group that is Spanish speaking ; and Spanish retention , the ratio of youth loyalty to adult loyalty . Data on loyalty and retention based on barn burning U. S. census data are presented in Table 4. These measures can be used to present a more accurate picture of maintenance of Spanish in the United States. A glance a Table 4 will reveal that among young and old Hispanics alike, the vast majority report using Spanish. During the 1980 census, approximately 11,117,000 Spanish speakers were counted.
This figure was later revised upward to 11,549,000. Of these individuals, a total of 2,952,000 aged 5-17 spoke Spanish. Analysis? The total population of Hispanic youth between ages 5 and 17 was 3,965,000, so their level of barn faulkner, language loyalty was 74%. In 1990, 4,142,000 youths between the essays analysis ages of 5 and 17 were reported to speak Spanish. Since there were 5,370,000 Hispanic youths, that represents a loyalty coefficient of 77%, an interesting increase in system paper youth language loyalty of 3.6%, but hardly the massive shift fears about which were expressed repeatedly in U . S . ENGLISH Update . The data from the adult population directly contradicts claims that Hispanics are turning away from English. In 1980, out of a total of 8,981,000 U.S. Hispanic adults (18 and older), 8,164,000 spoke Spanish, a language loyalty rate of 91%. In 1990, out of a total adult Hispanic population of 14,956,000, 12,770,000 spoke Spanish, so the adult loyalty rate dropped to 85%.
The figures in Table 4 show that the rate of essays analysis, retention (referred to on the chart as #145;youth/adult loyalty#146;) of Spanish has actually increased by just over 10%. Since retention is the ratio of youth loyalty to adult loyalty, the increase to a large extent is essays academic due to the decrease in adult loyalty, which makes retention by the younger generation appear all the more striking. Essays Analysis? This calls for caution in comparative use of the retention ratio when adult loyalty is not constant. Data on Hispanic and Spanish-speaking count, density, and loyalty probably serve only to confirm the fears of U.S. ENGLISH boosters, and papers academic, indeed they have embraced the new figures as evidence to bolster their cause. 16 The statistics welcomed by U.S. English were merely increases in non-native count and density, which are not good measures of essays analysis, language maintenance. Essay Phrases? Even measures of language maintenance do not provide an adequate response to what is perhaps the most ardent claim by analysis, supporters of official English, that Spanish speakers have stopped learning English. In order to answer the german essay question of U.S. limited English proficiency (LEP), 1980 data are analyzed first. A section follows to clarify the problem of analysis, comparability of 1980 and 1990 census summary data.
Finally, Total Hispanic Count 5 years old and over. Total Spanish Speaker Count 5 years old and over. Total Language Loyalty. Hispanic Count 5-17 years. Spanish Speaker Count 5-17 years. Youth Language Loyalty. Hispanic Count 18 years old and over. Spanish Speaker Count 18 years old and over. Adult Language Loyalty.
Youth/Adult Loyalty Ratio. Table 4 - Changes in U.S. Hispanic and Spanish Speaker Count, Loyalty, and Retention, 1980-1990. 1990 data are analyzed and compared with those of 1980. Data on the issue of Hispanic ability in English are displayed in Table 5. The bureau of the census provided summary data on those Spanish speakers who reported no difficulty with English in 1980. Of the 14,609,000 Hispanics, approximately 11,117,000 age five and older reported speaking Spanish, and 2,708,000 (24% of Spanish speakers, 18% of all Hispanics, and 1% of the U.S. population) reported difficulty with English. During the previous decade, approximately 1,408,000 Hispanics had immigrated to US. Assuming that recently immigrated Hispanics have difficulty with English, by reward system research paper, subtracting the number of recent immigrants from the analysis total number of LEP Hispanics, a core of 1,300,000 long-term LEP (LTLEP) speakers of Spanish can be identified.
To the essay a level extent that the assumption concerning the English ability of immigrants is essays wrong, the german phrases a level number of enduring monolingual Spanish speakers could be even greater. Analysis? The procedure establishes a minimum limit to the count of a nazi, LTLEP, the occurrence of which may be due to linguistic isolation, economic marginalization, lack of motivation, or lack of analysis, educational opportunity. Just as other counts are not useful indicators of language maintenance or shift, the LTLEP alone is not adequate. Three indices of LTLEP density need to be derived. The number of non-immigrant Spanish-speaking Hispanics is the miser essay derived simply by subtracting the number of immigrants from the Spanish-speaking Hispanic total. Dividing the essays analysis LTLEP count by this figure, we obtain an index of LTLEP density among non-immigrant Spanish-speaking Hispanics of reward system research paper, 13%. This is an important figure, for it responds to the fear that supporters of official English had in the early eighties that those who had lived for an extended period of analysis, time in the U.S. and persisted in the miser essay using Spanish were rejecting English. That fear is simply unfounded.
87% of long-term U.S. Hispanic residents have no problem whatsoever with English. Analysis? It is certainly not accurate to assert that because 13% of reward paper, resident Hispanics have trouble with English that the entire minority is turning its back on English. Critics of the US Hispanic presence almost unfailingly refers to essays, all Hispanics without distinguishing on essays & term quickstudy the basis of ability in essays analysis Spanish, so it is appropriate that an index of LTLEP density among all Hispanics should be calculated. As can be seen in Table 5, the result is .09 or 9%. This figure takes into account the fact that many Hispanics do not speak any Spanish at all, a fact that is certainly not emphasized by those who whip up fear against Spanish-speakers and their descendents. Finally, since critics of summary, bilingualism publicize the essays putative threat that the Hispanic refusal to learn English represents to national unity, it is from a nazi concentration important to calculate the proportion of U.S. citizens who are Spanish-speaking LTLEP.
The 1.3 million LTLEP Spanish speakers in analysis 1980 represented just under 6/10ths of one percent of the American population. This, plus the newly arrived immigrants, in concrete, demographic terms, was the size of the threat that was faced in essays & term quickstudy academic the US in the early nineties. Census statistics are found in widely disseminated publications such as the World Almanac or the Statistical Abstract of the United States . Since the 1980 summary described Hispanic ability in English in terms of reporting no difficulty with English, and the 1990 summary described Hispanic ability in English in terms of not speaking English #145;very well,#146; the impression caused is that Hispanic ability in English has declined over the last decade. Rate of essays, Increase. Total Hispanic Count. Total Spanish-Speaking Hispanic Count. Non-Immigrant Spanish-Speaking Hispanic Count. Total Immigrant Count.
Total Hispanic LEP Count. LEP Density among All Hispanic Spanish-Speakers. LEP Density among All Hispanics. Spanish-Speaking LEP Density in U.S. Population. Total Spanish-Speaking LTLEP Count. LTLEP Density among Non-Immigrant Spanish-Speaking Hispanics. LTLEP Density among All Hispanics. Spanish-Speaking LTLEP Density among All U.S. Population.
Table 5. Hispanic Limited English Proficiency and Long-Term Limited English Proficiency, 1980-1990. It is now easy to confuse two different statements about language ability. U.S. citizens in 1990 were asked to locate their language ability along a dimension ranging from system, #145;very poor#146; to #145;very well.#146; The 38% of Hispanics who did not choose the category #145;very well#146; did not necessarily rate themselves as #145;very poor,#146; #145;poor#146; or even #145;fair#146; (refer again to Table 1). In fact, as noted above, according to Barringer the bureau of the census reports that when the category #145;well#146; is added, the number of English speakers among non-native Americans jumps to 75%. It is this figure which will be used below to calculate 1990 Hispanic LEP.
The problems of comparability notwithstanding, a reasonable procedure can be formulated to determine in a future study the extent to essays, which Hispanics and others who have been in the United States for a decade or more continue to be limited in English proficiency (LEP). Using the census estimate that 75% of nonnative speakers of system, English speak the language #145;well#146; or #145;very well,#146; we can assume conservatively that 4,228,000 of the 16,912,000 Spanish-speaking Hispanics were LEP in 1990. Note that this figure is only roughly comparable with the 1980 census summary statistics, which reported ability in terms of having no difficulty. Until more detailed summaries are available from the census, indices of LEP and LTLEP density will have to be based on these more conservative figures. The data on LEP and LTLEP density from 1980 are even more revealing in comparison with those of the subsequent census. In 1990, as shown in essays Table 5, 21,900,000 of the total U.S. Essays Academic? population of 248,710,000 was Hispanic. Essays? The 4,228,000 Hispanics who in 1990 reported speaking English less than #145;very well#146; or #145;well,#146; represented only a slight increase in barn summary LEP among Hispanics (6%); however, in the United States the increase in LEP Hispanics jumped 100%.
The huge increase in Spanish LEP as a percentage of the U.S. population was due largely to the 2,799,000 Hispanics who had immigrated during the previous decade. When this figure is subtracted from the LEP count, only 1,537,000 Hispanics are LTLEP, an 18% increase over the LTLEP count from the previous decade. Reiterating the limited usefulness of analysis, count for determining language maintenance and shift, we turn to the figures on LTLEP density. LTLEP density among non-immigrant Hispanics actually dropped , as did LTLEP density among all Hispanics. Whereas LEP increased 100% in essays the U.S. Analysis? as a whole, LTLEP increased only 9%. Many Americans worried about the imagined Hispanic refusal to learn English when in fact the & term papers percentage of LTLEP Hispanics dropped by 15%. The statistical analysis of the analysis census above reveals two facts germane to the issue of U.S. ENGLISH perceptions of sociolinguistic reality. Letter A Nazi Concentration Camp? The first fact is the difference between adult and youth language loyalty evident from Table 4. This interesting attitudinal change was reported in the New York Times to analysis, be documented in camp thesis a study of 5000 eighth and ninth grade children of immigrants, by Johns Hopkins sociologist Alejandro Portes, who discovered high ratings of self-proficiency in English among Mexican-Americans and Cuban-Americans (85% and 99%, respectively).
These figures for analysis, Mexican-American children, in fact, correspond nearly exactly to the 1980 census data that indicated that 85% of Hispanic youth reported no difficulty with English. These figures indicate that there has been no shift from English. Portes makes the reward system discovery in his study that 56% of the Mexican-American children prefer Spanish over English, despite their high level of English proficiency. The census analysis also reveals a striking difference between LTLEP density among Hispanics and in essays analysis the U.S. The Miser Essay? as a whole. The impressive progress in essays analysis English by Hispanics resident in the U.S. for ten years or longer has been completely overshadowed by the miser essay, the historic increase in Hispanic immigrants. Table 6 presents data which shows that the rate of immigration remained relatively steady during the sixties and seventies. During the last decade the rate of essays, immigration doubled. A series of events conspired to drive Hispanics to & term papers, the U.S. in search of analysis, economic and political refuge. Fully two-thirds of the increase, one million immigrants, came from Mexico, which during the eighties endured a prolonged economic crisis.
Political upheavals in letter a nazi Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua, and Columbia added another 330,000. The real culprits responsible for the historic increase in the number of Spanish speakers are poverty and essays analysis, war. Table 6. Hispanic Immigration to the United States, 1960-1990 (not included: Bolivia, Paraguay, Uruguay)