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ESSAY STRESS . WEEK 2 CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY


VLOGS IN ONE MORNING!!!??? Lets rewind back to WEEK 2!! I was given 4 essays to complete in 1 WEEK!!!! CRAZY! I had my

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Cambridge tsa essay

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attributes on resume Get via App Store Read this post in our app! Mentioning personal qualities on CV [duplicate] This question already has an cambridge answer here: I've noticed that a lot of persuasive essay, CVs contain a segment that looks something like: I have fast learning skills, out-of-the-box thinking, high motivation, loyalty and dedication. I am a hard worker and a team player and intend to put in a lot of hard work. I've noticed some people put those 'personal qualities' segments at the very top of a CV below the name/phone number part. Cambridge. Unlike cover letters (which I tend to read after the initial filtering) I don't understand those segments. Is there any merit in including those segments in a CV? Can I conclude something meaningful when I read a CV and quoting from a movie in an, see that segment? marked as duplicate by gnat, Jan Doggen, Jim G., IDrinkandIKnowThings, keshlam Sep 1 '14 at 3:05. This question has been asked before and already has an answer. If those answers do not fully address your question, please ask a new question.

Any film student worth their salt will tell you that one should show, not tell a story. Tsa Essay. Including these qualities at from a movie in an, the top of a CV is like a billboard proclaiming Our Best Yet! - no evidence is cambridge tsa essay, provided beyond a dubious claim. Their resume, CV and cover letter should show you that they learn fast and vs authority essay, are loyal, through rapid advancement and persevering through hard times. Cambridge. Claiming them at short essay on outsourcing, the top is at best redundant and at cambridge, worst flagrantly disrespecting a reviewer's time. Another example: If I told you I am smart, would that prompt you to upvote this answer? No? What if I provided a well-thought-out response that showed I had some knowledge in this area? My best guess is that they do it because some resume writing advice sites (and some writers) recommend it.

I know that up until recently, I had a section like that on there too. Power Essay. It used to be common to have one (at least in Canada). The accepted opinion has been moving away from this now, and many sites say to have an overview of who you are at the top. Kind of an introduction. To back this theory up, check out any random resume sample in cambridge this list of quoting from essay, Monster's Resume Samples and you'll see what I mean.

You can still see it being advised to include a resume profile of some sort on cambridge tsa essay, the about careers site. So, I don't think you can jump to on man, any conclusions other than that they tried to make a good resume and followed advice as seen online. Should personal qualities be included information in cambridge tsa essay a resume? No. Power Essay. A resume should detail the applicant's experience, not his/her personal qualities. It may be desirable to tsa essay, highlight certain personality traits in quoting from in an essay a resume, but that can be done much more effectively by tsa essay carefully wording the entries related to essay, work experience. Cambridge. For example, let's say you want to transition from team lead to development manager. Against Slavery. Which of these better shows leadership? Lead developer/designer for ASP.NET and cambridge, MVC applications. Led an essay english international team that successfully designed and developed several complex, business-critical ASP.NET and MVC applications.

Everything in a resume should leverage personal experience to show that the person is a great candidate for exactly the type of job that they want. Anything else is useless fluff that dilutes the real message. Cambridge. That said, there is certainly a place to self-identify as a hard worker, leader, great communicator, etc. That place is the cover letter, not the resume. Most importantly, it tells you that they think those characteristics are important or impressive (although perhaps only indirectly, in that they think you think they're important for this role). You might be able to conclude more from the fact that someone thinks loyalty is worth mentioning here, than you can from their belief (or claim) that they're loyal! It doesn't tell you that they actually possess the characteristics to any remarkable degree. Especially something completely vague like out-of-the-box thinking. You might read that and famous essayists, figure that all of your candidates think out of the box, not just this one, but some of them would call it having a good idea. As for cambridge tsa essay, whether there's any merit in short essay on outsourcing it -- if its a CV posted online, then it makes a lot of sense to cambridge tsa essay, have some kind of summary up top indicating what kind of jobs you're looking for, why you want them, and what basic attitude you bring. This kind of short essay, personal qualities stuff often creeps in there.

If it's a CV submitted for a particular application with a cover letter, then it probably repeats stuff from the cover letter, although it might still be a worthwhile summary of why they're good for the role. You could view it as a reading comprehension test, has the candidate accurately identified and cambridge, summarized what the role calls for?. Ideally it's backed up by relevant experience, in which case it serves as a sort of quoting from a movie, abstract of the result the author wishes to prove in this paper, but that's not always practical. If you believe yourself to be unusually loyal it might be quite easy to present examples of this, but quite difficult to put those examples in your CV , which operates well above the cambridge, level of specific incidents in which you demonstrated loyalty. Therefore this statement in the CV is (intentionally or otherwise) bait. It might induce you to ask at interview a question that the candidate has (you'd think) prepared for. Of course, if you cared about loyalty then you'd be asking all candidates about loyalty, and if you don't care about vs authority essay loyalty why waste interview time drawing a rehearsed answer? So you can argue it's complete pointless as far as that goes, except that I suspect in tsa essay practice it does occasionally prompt an interviewer to talk about persuasive something they otherwise wouldn't, just like the also-controversial hobbies section.

It would seem to cambridge tsa essay, me irrational to ignore this information in a CV, if you would pay attention to exactly the same thing written in famous a cover letter (I'm not sure if you're saying you actually do that not). Unless you're extremely busy and have clear instructions written in whatever process they went through to cambridge tsa essay, submit the application, it's pretty much nonsense to short, punish applicants because they don't follow your conventions of what goes where.

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Part One - An introduction to law and cambridge morality. Law is persuasive against slavery, not a term that lends itself to easy definition. To discover what men believe law is, we need to tsa essay look at two distinctive theories. These are legal positivism and natural law. Positivists believe that a law is a legal rule which, if made in the manner recognised by the legislative power in vs authority essay, the state, is valid irrespective of its content in otherwords that as long an elected parliament debates and makes the law everyone must abide by it. Austin is perhaps best known for cambridge tsa essay developing the command theory of law . He argued that a law is a command from a sovereign whom the population at large is in the habit of obeying, and quoting a movie essay it is tsa essay, reinforced by the availability of a sanction. Put simply, laws are orders backed by writing essay, threats. A law, therefore, is the expressed wish of the sovereign and as such is distinguishable from other commands such as those from tsa essay, God or from an employer. Poem. The sovereign is the person or body whom others habitually obey, and who is not in tsa essay, the habit of giving obedience to anyone else. Austin has been criticised for this rather simplistic view of law, particularly by Professor H.L.A.

Hart , partly because it is difficult to identify a sovereign in many states, but also because many areas of law such as contract, which grant powers to people, do not fit neatly into such a definition. As a legal positivist, he insisted on the separation of law and morality. However, he developed a much more sophisticated model than Austin’s to learn writing essay explain the nature of law. There are, he argued, two categories of rules, called primary and secondary rules, which, in combination, form the basis of a functioning legal system. Primary rules either impose legal obligations, as in criminal law, or they grant powers, as in cambridge tsa essay, the power to make a will in the law of short essay on outsourcing, succession, or the power to enter into cambridge a contract. Secondary rules are concerned with the a movie in an essay, operation of primary legal rules. Hart identified three specific secondary rules. Firstly, the rule of recognition sets criteria for identifying primary legal rules. These criteria would include reference, for example, to Acts of Parliament and tsa essay judicial decisions. Secondly, rules of change identify how legal rules can be formed, amended or repealed.

For example, in the case of an Act of Parliament, reference would be made to from a movie in an essay the various readings in the House of tsa essay, Commons and the House of Lords, and to the need for royal assent. Thirdly, rules of adjudication enable the courts not only to an essay on man settle disputes, but also to interpret the law. Hart argues that a legal system is cambridge tsa essay, established by the union of these two sets of rules. However, two further conditions are required for this system to function. Firstly, people in general must be in the habit of obeying the primary rules. Secondly, public officials must accept the rules of recognition, change and adjudication. As a legal positivist, Hart does not accept any necessary connection between law and morality.

In other words, the validity of short essay, a law is not dependent upon its moral acceptability. Even a morally repugnant law may be legally valid. However, that does not mean we must obey laws that are morally repugnant. Obedience remains a matter of personal decision or conscience. Natural lawyers reject this: they believe that the validity of man-made laws depends upon their compatibility with a higher, moral authority: where laws do not satisfy the requirements of this higher moral authority, then those laws lack validity. There are two main types of natural lawyers, those that believe in laws from tsa essay, a god and those that do not believe in god but that society has an unwritten moral code that laws should follow. Thomas Aquinas was a 13th-century Catholic philosopher and theologian, who devoted his life to scholarship, in particular to the study of Aristotle. His major work, the against, Summa Theologica , contains his explanation of four different types of law. One of cambridge tsa essay, them, Divine law is concerned with the standards man must conform to in order to attain salvation. These are revealed to essay on outsourcing mankind by inspiration or revelation, as for example the Ten Commandments contained within the Bible.

Divine law removes the need for mankind to be in any doubt about the moral rules he should be following for his own good. Natural law is derived from eternal law and deals with general rules of conduct that govern the behaviour of ‘beings possessing reason and cambridge tsa essay free will’, i.e. humans. It is implanted in us by power vs authority essay, God as part of tsa essay, our nature, and so we have a natural inclination to behave in a way that fulfils our purpose in life. These include the inclination to vs authority essay preserve life, procreate, and live within society. By reasoning upon cambridge, natural law, certain general rules of conduct can be developed. The first of essay, these is to ‘do good and cambridge tsa essay avoid evil’. Some others are ‘not to commit suicide’, reflecting the inclination to short essay preserve life; to cambridge tsa essay ‘rear and care for offspring’, reflecting the inclination to procreate; and to ‘develop our rational and moral capacities’. Human law is derived by reason from quoting from in an, natural law. It is the cambridge tsa essay, result of a process of applying the principles contained within natural law to particular geographical, historical and social circumstances. Lon Fuller was Professor of Jurisprudence at Harvard Law School. He is known as a natural lawyer in that he rejected legal positivism: he refused to accept the belief that law has no higher authority than that of a sovereign authority.

Fuller views law as serving a purpose. In his case, that purpose is to ‘achieve social order through subjecting people’s conduct to the guidance of general rules by which they may themselves orient their behaviour’. For laws to be able to achieve this purpose, they must satisfy eight particular principles . These principles make up an ‘inner morality of law’ which Fuller describes as a procedural version of essay, natural law. According to these eight principles, laws should be: 1 in existence, not ad hoc. 2 promulgated, i.e. published. 3 prospective, rather than retrospective. 4 clearly stated and comprehensible. 5 consistent with each other.

6 possible for tsa essay people to obey. 7 constant, i.e. relatively long-lasting and not constantly changing. 8 applied and administered as stated. Failure to comply with these eight principles doesn’t render an individual law invalid, rather it results in something that cannot be properly called a legal system at all. Professor Hart , while not critical of the eight principles themselves, argued that Fuller was not justified in calling them a morality. He illustrates his objection by reference to famous essayists the art of poisoning. Like law-making, poisoning is an activity with a purpose. The poisoner will develop principles to render his art effective. However, nobody would consider calling these principles the ‘inner morality of poisoning’. Tsa Essay. In other words, he accuses Fuller of confusing efficacy (how effective is the legislative system?) with morality (is it good or bad?). The word morality derives originally from the short essay, Latin word mos (plural: mores).

The standard meaning of this word is a custom, habit or usage that is determined by man’s will rather than by law. The Roman statesman and orator Cicero once wrote that law and custom (mos) must both be obeyed, illustrating their parity. Cambridge. Custom formed the bedrock of Roman society in Cicero’s day, with duties and obligations balanced by rights and privileges. Emile Durkheim, a sociologist, would later refer to as a traditional society. In such a society people had much in common. Writing Essay. However, by Durkheim’s day, society was becoming more fragmented. First, labour was becoming specialised, with workers developing expertise in increasingly narrow fields, thereby becoming alienated from each other. Secondly, a common religious and ethnic background could no longer be taken for granted within society.

These factors served to promote an individual consciousness at the expense of the collective consciousness. The speed of change, Durkheim argued, led to confusion in cambridge tsa essay, moral outlooks, and to the breakdown of essay on outsourcing, traditional norms of behaviour. Durkheim used the word ‘anomie’ to describe this result. He believed that society would disintegrate unless a strong collective consciousness, with shared values and beliefs, was maintained. One of the functions of education, therefore, is to strengthen the common morality and reduce individual consciousness. This can in part be achieved by a pledge of allegiance to the state, an idea recently promoted for all school leavers in Britain. All of these factors are more and cambridge more apparent in pluralist societies today. Part two - The relationship between law and essay against morality.

Shared characteristics of cambridge, legal and moral rules. They are both concerned with setting standards, which are essential for governing the behaviour of individuals within society. For example, in order to avoid unnecessary death and injury, the persuasive, law requires us to drive on the left. However, it is a long-established custom, part of our morals that drivers slow down to allow ambulances to pass when their emergency lights are flashing. Both rules are concerned with the behaviour of drivers and the saving of life. Legal and moral rules employ similar language: they distinguish between right and wrong, and they speak of duties, obligations and responsibilities.

For example, murder is tsa essay, regarded as wicked under both the legal and moral codes of conduct; parents have a legal duty and a moral duty to ensure that their young children are provided with shelter and nourishment. Law and morality often coincide or overlap: for example, the Ten Commandments, given to Moses on Mount Sinai, continue to serve as a moral code for many today. Power Vs Authority. Indeed, these commandments contain a number of cambridge tsa essay, prohibitions, which are to be found in the laws of even the most primitive societies. In our age, the order: ‘Thou shalt not kill’, is reflected in the common law on learn essay english, murder; the command: ‘Thou shalt not steal’, is currently contained within ss16 of the Theft Act 1968; and the principle of the virtue of honesty, which lies behind the command not to give false witness, can be seen in the development of the law in areas such as fraud (crime), misrepresentation (contract), and defamation (tort). Where Legal rules and morals seem at cambridge odds. When legal rules are out of kilter with morality, obedience to them becomes more difficult to defend. It might be argued that strict liability offences are like this. In Smedleys Ltd v Breed (1974), the discovery of a caterpillar in a tin of peas does not seem to breach any moral rule, nor does the vs authority, selling of a lottery ticket to a 15-year-old boy who had the appearance of someone much older. It is therefore not surprising that the principle of strict liability is controversial: legal rules are given greater validity by their moral content. There are many moral rules which are not enshrined in law.

There is no liability in English criminal law for omissions, unless the failure falls within one of the recognised exceptions where there is a duty to cambridge act, such as a duty to children (R v Gibbons and Proctor (1918)), or a duty through a contract of employment (R v Pittwood (1902)). Essay. In other words, there is no requirement in English law to act as the ‘good Samaritan’. Clearly there is a potent moral argument that we should provide assistance to cambridge the man beaten and left to die, or rescue the child drowning in a pool of water, or prevent a blind old person from being hit by a speeding lorry. However, the fact that there is no legal obligation to assist our neighbour will enable us to escape criminal liability, but it will not lessen the contempt in which we might be held for on man our failure to do so. Sometimes a defendant will accept the existence of a moral obligation, but argue that this does not imply any legal liability, as occurred in R v Webster (2006). The case concerned a duplicate medal awarded to Captain Gill for services in Iraq. Captain Gill received a medal early in 2005, but six months later received an unsolicited duplicate medal.

He gave the cambridge, duplicate to his staff support assistant, Webster, who promptly sold it on eBay for essay £605. Webster accepted that he had a moral obligation to return the cambridge tsa essay, medal to the medals office, but did not accept he was under any legal obligation to do so. Writing. However, the court decided that the medals office retained a proprietary interest in this particular duplicate medal and was therefore entitled to call for cambridge tsa essay its return. The influence of law and morality upon each other. Changing moral values can lead to from in an essay developments in the law. Rape within marriage: In the History of the Pleas of the Crown (published in 1736, although Hale had died 60 years before this date), Sir Matthew Hale had declared that ‘a man cannot rape his wife’. This was based upon the doctrine of cambridge, implied consent, i.e. that a woman, by learn essay english, entering into tsa essay marriage, gives indefinite consent to sexual relations with her husband. During the 20th century the american, courts succeeded in removing this immunity where there was a legal separation order (R v Clarke (1949)), where a decree nisi had been issued (R v O’Brien (1974)), and cambridge tsa essay where a non-molestation order had been imposed (R v Steele (1977)). Writing Essay. In these decisions the courts were eager to cambridge limit the moral outrage that an acquittal would arouse.

This immunity was weakened even further by the trial judge in R v R (1991), a case involving a recently separated married couple. Owen J declared: ‘I find it hard to believe that it ever was common law that a husband was in effect entitled to beat his wife into submission to american essayists sexual intercourse.’ He therefore ruled that the husband, because of the extreme violence he had used, did not enjoy immunity from conviction. Before the case arrived at the House of Lords on appeal, the tsa essay, Law Commission had produced a report recommending that ‘the present marital immunity be abolished in all cases’. The House of Lords followed this recommendation. Lord Lane declared that ‘the idea that a wife by marriage consents in advance to her husband having sexual intercourse with her whatever her state of health or however proper her objections is no longer acceptable’. In this way the law eventually caught up with perceived public morality. The Abortion Act 1967 represents an area of statutory reform introduced as a result of public concern over the existing law. On Man Poem. Under s58 of the cambridge tsa essay, Offences against the Person Act 1861, abortion was punishable by up to life imprisonment, even if performed for quoting in an essay good medical reasons. The Infant Life Preservation Act 1929 allowed a limited exemption from this general prohibition in cases where the abortion was carried out in good faith for the sole purpose of tsa essay, preserving the life of the mother. In R v Bourne (1939), however, Bourne, an on man poem eminent surgeon carried out an abortion on a 14-year-old girl who had become pregnant as a result of a violent gang rape by soldiers. At his trial, Bourne argued that the operation had been necessary to preserve the mental health (but not the life) of the girl.

The trial judge proved sympathetic to this argument. The acquittal in this case led to wealthy women finding acquiescent psychiatrists in order to have their abortions, while other women continued to undergo back-street abortions, resulting in many deaths every year and increasing public concern. The Abortion Act in 1967 introduced a wider range of grounds upon which abortions could be carried out, although the decision remained with doctors. Since abortion is an issue that polarises public opinion, the Act did not enjoy universal public support. However, the law had changed in response to changing public concerns.

Sometimes the reverse occurs: legislation is introduced ahead of, and in order to promote, a change in the collective consciousness. Anti- discrimination legislation is often placed within this category. Cambridge. For example, the Race Relations Act 1965 was passed in order to famous american essayists counter overt discrimination in public places. Cambridge Tsa Essay. Prior to this Act, colour prejudice, as it was then called, was widely practised in Britain, with signs such as ‘No Blacks’ seen on the fronts of guest houses, and non-whites turned away from some restaurants and public houses. The 1965 Act, passed in spite of fierce opposition within Parliament, forbade discrimination ‘on the grounds of colour, race, or ethnic or national origin’. However, it applied only to public places, such as hotels and restaurants, and not to places of employment. The powers of enforcement were also minimal: a Race Relations Board was empowered to listen to complaints, and to persuasive against attempt to negotiate with the parties to stop further discrimination. Tsa Essay. Where the discrimination continued, the matter could only be referred to the Attorney-General who could seek a court injunction. Three years later, in 1968, jurisdiction was extended to cover both housing and employment.

Although these two Acts did not eliminate discrimination, they made a robust official statement about the values of British society. It was not until the famous american, Race Relations Act 1976, however, that significant powers of enforcement were added. This Act established the Commission for Racial Equality to replace the Race Relations Board, and gave it extensive powers. It distinguished between direct and indirect discrimination: direct occurring where a person is treated less favourably than another in similar relevant circumstances on the grounds of tsa essay, colour, race, nationality, ethnic or national origins. From A Movie. Indirect discrimination, which is much more subtle, occurs when a condition is applied equally to all employees, but one racial group is cambridge tsa essay, disadvantaged because it cannot comply as easily as other groups with that condition. These provisions have done much to mitigate harsh, overt racism. On the fortieth anniversary of the passage of the 1965 Act, Trevor Phillips, chairman of the Commission for Racial Equality, stated, ‘The fact that we have strong anti-discrimination laws has led to the near disappearance of persuasive against slavery, commonplace practices which disfigured our society. That doesn’t mean that they don’t ever happen, but today they are the exception rather than the rule.’ Such comments reflect the cambridge, belief that legislation, particularly when it is robust, can have an an essay poem impact upon cambridge tsa essay, public morality. Changes in the law can produce changes in morals. One of the most heavily legislated areas in the last 50 years has been the an essay on man, law on homosexuality.

In 1957, the Wolfenden Report (see later for more details of this) recommended that ‘homosexual behaviour between consenting adults in private should no longer be a criminal offence’. The committee further recommended that the age of consent be fixed at tsa essay 21, which at that time was the age of majority in Britain. Ten years were to pass before the Sexual Offences Bill was presented to Parliament, time enough for many to on outsourcing reflect on the principles underpinning Wolfenden, and tsa essay time perhaps for Parliamentarians to muster up the boldness required to secure the passage of the Bill in the face of some earnest opposition. The Bill contained the two most significant recommendations of the Wolfenden Committee: first, that homosexuality be decriminalised for private consensual homosexual activity; and secondly, that the age of consent be set at persuasive essay 21. A quarter of a century was to pass before the age of consent was reduced to 18 in the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994, but only six years until it was further reduced to 16 under the Sexual Offences (Amendment) Act 2000, thereby equalising the age of consent for heterosexual and cambridge tsa essay homosexual activity. This last reform attracted determined opposition within the House of Lords, and essay the powers of the Parliament Acts had to be invoked to secure passage of the measure. It is difficult to gauge whether those promoting or those opposing these Acts more accurately reflected public opinion on this issue, but what is cambridge, evident is famous american essayists, that the years since 1957 have seen not only substantial legislative activity, but also a major shift in public attitudes in this area. Now we have the Civil partnership Act 2004 allowing same sex unions to be legally recognised and currently the Marriage (Same Sex Couples) Act 2013, which will allow same sex couple to be legally married. Part Three Does and should law reflect moral values? Britain is a pluralist society containing a diversity of moral views. This section explores the questions of whether, and to what extent, the law should seek to cambridge enforce any particular moral views.

This is not merely a subject of academic debate: judges are often forced to consider these questions before determining the law. John Stuart Mill Law should only reflect moral values if a person can harm others. John Stuart Mill, a 19th-century philosopher states that protection is still necessary against suppression by the elected majority: limitations on the power of the government are still needed to persuasive prevent the ‘tyranny of the majority’. Nevertheless, Mill accepted that rules governing an individual’s conduct must be imposed. The problem, though, is identifying where society should, and where it should not, be permitted to interfere with individual liberty. Mill developed the ‘harm principle’ as the tsa essay, appropriate test to be used when considering this issue. Vs Authority Essay. Where the law should only cambridge tsa essay, intervene where individuals positive actions (not omissions) are likely to power vs authority essay cause harm to others. Cambridge Tsa Essay. This is regarded as a liberal approach between law and morality, in otherwords the quoting from, state should not make any laws against an individual unless it will cause harm (used in a wide sense) to another. Mill answered such objections by making a distinction between the harmful act itself and its particular consequences. For example, society has no right to cambridge tsa essay interfere with drunkenness itself. From In An. However, it does have the right to interfere where a man, through his drunkenness, is in breach of his duty to his family or his creditors, or if he was a soldier or a policeman on duty.

In Mill’s words: ‘Whenever there is cambridge, definite damage to an individual or to from a movie in an essay the public, the case is cambridge, taken out of the province of liberty, and placed in that of morality or law’. However, where there is no such breach of duty to society and the damage affects only the individual himself, then ‘the inconvenience is one which society can afford to bear, for learn english the sake of the greater good of human freedom’. Cambridge. In other words, the liberty of the individual is too precious to essay be sacrificed merely to ease another’s feeling of revulsion or repugnance. The HartDevlin debate - Must be in your essay! Devlin Law should reflect society’s morals. This argument has endured. In the 20th century it blossomed in the debate between an cambridge tsa essay eminent Law Lord, Patrick Devlin, and the academic H.L.A Hart, a debate sparked by the publication in writing, 1957 of the Wolfenden report on cambridge tsa essay, homosexuality and prostitution. The committee had concluded that the law has a role in preserving public order and decency, but ‘it is quoting from in an, not, in our view, the function of the law to intervene in cambridge, the private life of citizens, or to seek to enforce any particular pattern of behaviour’. Furthermore, there ‘must remain a realm of private morality and immorality which is, in brief and crude terms, not the law’s business’. It therefore recommended the decriminalisation of consensual homosexuality for men over the age of 21.

Lord Devlin wrote that a society means a community of ideas: ‘without shared ideas on politics, morals, and ethics, no society can exist’. Society, therefore, is constituted in part by its morality. Famous. In language reminiscent of Durkheim, Lord Devlin argued that the fabric of society is dependent upon a shared or common morality: where the bonds of that morality are loosened by private immoral conduct, the integrity of society will be lost, and society will be liable to disintegrate. Society therefore has the right to defend itself against cambridge, immorality. Even private wickedness and immorality may be punished because they are harmful to short essay on outsourcing society. In Lord Devlin’s own words, ‘The suppression of vice is as much the law’s business as the suppression of subversive activities.’ However, Lord Devlin recognised that there are limits to the right of society to tsa essay interfere with private immoral conduct: ‘there must be toleration of the maximum individual freedom that is consistent with the integrity of society’. He accepted that personal preferences, or likes and dislikes, should not form the basis for decisions about what immoral conduct should be outlawed. Power. He therefore developed an apparently objective test , that of the cambridge tsa essay, reasonable or ordinary man, to help decide where the essay slavery, boundaries are to cambridge tsa essay be drawn: only where immoral conduct is regarded by this ordinary man with ‘intolerance, indignation or disgust’, should it be prohibited by against, law. It is worth noting that Lord Devlin’s morality is based upon convention: in cambridge tsa essay, other words, it is based upon what is generally regarded by society at large as being the acceptable and desirable state of affairs. It is therefore a relative rather than absolute morality, as it is not based upon any higher authority regarding good and essay on outsourcing bad, or right and wrong.

Conventional morality serves to maintain the status quo within society. Interestingly, it would allow for cambridge the continuation of practices that might be regarded as morally repugnant by other societies: for example, it could be used to preserve practices such as polygamy, apartheid and essay on outsourcing slavery as long as they were not regarded with intolerance, indignation or disgust by the ordinary person within the cambridge, society that practised it. Extension : Read the following article published by Harvard Law school in 1966 criticising Devlins view. Then summarise the key aspects of the argument in american, 500 words . lord-devlin-and-the-enforcement-of-morals.pdf. Hart Laws should not reflect society’s morals. Professor Hart proposed a more limited role for the law in cambridge, the enforcement of persuasive against, morality. Whereas Lord Devlin started from the general principle that society has a duty to enforce its dominant morality, and then limited the application of this general principle to acts that the tsa essay, ordinary man regards with intolerance, Professor Hart started from the opposite essay on outsourcing, end of the cambridge tsa essay, spectrum, that society should not interfere with private moral or immoral conduct. However, Hart then limited the application of short essay, this general principle by sanctioning the enforcement of morality in cambridge, certain situations. First of all, he accepted that enforcement is permitted when one of society’s dominant moralities is being eroded by a true threat to the cohesion of society. Such a threat, though, has to be more than merely a challenge to society’s code of conduct: there must be evidence that it creates a genuine public nuisance.

Hart’s discussion of the offence of essayists, bigamy illustrates this approach. He wrote that, in a country where deep religious significance is attached to cambridge tsa essay monogamous marriage and to the wedding service, the famous american, law against bigamy should be accepted as an attempt to protect religious feelings from offence by a ‘public act desecrating the ceremony’. According to Hart, the bigamist is punished not for the act of bigamy itself, but for the offence he causes to the feelings of others. Hart applied the same reasoning to cambridge public sexual intercourse between a man and his wife. The act of american essayists, intercourse, he states, is not in itself immoral, but if it takes place in cambridge, public, it is an affront to decent people, and, as a nuisance, deserves to be punished under the on outsourcing, law. Devlin accused Hart of being inconsistent. He challenged Hart, saying: ‘Bigamy violates neither good manners nor decency. When committed without deception, it harms no one.’ Although Devlin is tsa essay, not necessarily arguing here in from essay, favour of legalising bigamy, it is at least ironic that he seems to be adopting a more liberal stance than Hart on this issue. Hart also accepted the legal enforcement of morality in areas other than those creating a public nuisance. On some issues he adopted a paternalistic approach. Cambridge. The taking of drugs and vs authority essay consensual euthanasia are two areas where he believed people need to be protected against themselves.

This stance seems less liberal than that adopted by tsa essay, Mill. On the specific issue of homosexuality, Hart attacked Devlin for believing that it threatened society with disintegration. Famous American. He argued that Devlin’s position was tantamount to declaring that any change in morality threatened the disintegration of society. Furthermore, he pointed out. that Lord Devlin’s approach would cause society’s values to stagnate, to become permanently fixed at one point in time. The HartDevlin debate reflected through examples.

Judges and tsa essay Parliament are often forced to confront complex moral issues. In Shaw v DPP (1962), which concerned a magazine advertising the essayists, services of prostitutes, Shaw was convicted of ‘conspiracy to corrupt public morals’ a previously unknown offence. The House of Lords confirmed the existence of this new common law offence. Viscount Simonds declared: ‘there remains in the courts a residual power to enforce the supreme and fundamental purpose of the law, to conserve not only the safety and order, but also the moral welfare of the State’. Lord Devlin would have approved. Also see the development of the cambridge, defence of Duress of writing, Circumstance through the case of Martin and cambridge Pommell. Note that eventhough parliament has recognised a defence of Necessity in criminal law, principally for the emergency services need to break traffic laws (enshrined in the Road Traffic Acts) and acknowledged by essay, Lord Denning in cambridge tsa essay, Buckoke v GLC [1975], judges have repeatedly resisted creating a common law defence of necessity in criminal law, eg Quayle Others (2005) for essay possessing cannabis in order to stop the pain from an incurable disease.

But see the civil cases of cambridge tsa essay, R v A (conjoined twins) 2000 and Re F (1989), the forced sterilisation of a 26-year of female with the mental age of 5. In R v Gibson (1990), an artist was convicted under the common law offence of outraging public decency for exhibiting earrings made from freeze-dried human foetuses. No doubt Devlin would maintain that this is exactly the type of immoral conduct that would arouse the intolerance, indignation and disgust of the power vs authority essay, ordinary person, and so should be subjected to the full rigour of the criminal law. Hart might well arrive at the same conclusion, accepting that such an exhibition creates a public nuisance which causes significant offence to others. In the celebrated case of R v Brown and Others (1993), the cambridge tsa essay, defendants were convicted under s47 and s20 of the Offences against the Person Act 1861 after engaging in violent sado-masochistic activities. All these activities were conducted in private, with no complaints from the victims and no medical attention ever sought. There were no permanent injuries. The activities came to the attention of the police as a result of a tape recording the men had made of the essay slavery, event. Tsa Essay. The House of Lords declared that consent is not available in cases of such serious injuries, subject to certain exceptions of quoting a movie in an, which sado-masochistic behaviour was not one. Speaking for cambridge tsa essay the majority, Lord Templeman declared that the issues of policy and public interest must be taken into account before deciding whether the defence of power vs authority, consent should be extended to sado-masochistic activities.

Then, in words resonant of Lord Devlin, he expressed his own opinion: ‘Society is entitled and tsa essay bound to power protect itself against a cult of violence. Pleasure derived from the infliction of pain is an tsa essay evil thing. Cruelty is uncivilised.’ He dismissed the men’s appeal. Lord Mustill, dissenting, declared, in words reminiscent of Professor Hart, that: ‘the state should interfere with the rights of an individual to an essay live his or her life as he or she may choose no more than is necessary to ensure a proper balance between the special interests of the individual and the general interests of the individuals who together comprise the populace at large.’ He conceded that many people would find the defendants’ conduct repulsive. Nevertheless, that feeling of tsa essay, repulsion did not, in his view, justify the men’s conviction. The defence of against, consent was also considered in the case of R v Wilson (1996). At his wife’s request, Alan Wilson branded his initials (‘AW’) on her buttocks. Hearing the appeal against conviction for ABH, Russell LJ explained: ‘Consensual activity between husband and wife, in the privacy of the cambridge, matrimonial home, is not, in essay on outsourcing, our judgment, a proper matter for criminal investigation, let alone criminal prosecution.’ It is possible that this result would be welcomed by cambridge tsa essay, both Devlin and Hart, the former because the ordinary man might well regard Wilson’s conduct with amusement rather than disgust, the latter because such activity falls within the realm of private morality and does not create a public nuisance.

This case illustrates concern for the autonomy of the individual, a concern also evident in the Court of Appeal judgment in St George’s NHS Healthcare Trust v S (1998). In 1996, a woman who was approximately 36 weeks pregnant was diagnosed with pre-eclampsia and advised that she needed urgent attention, otherwise her life and that of the unborn child would be in danger. When she rejected this advice, she was detained under s2 of the Mental Health Act 1983, and a court order was granted to carry out a caesarean section operation without her consent. The Court of Appeal ruled that an adult of sound mind is persuasive essay against slavery, entitled to tsa essay refuse medical treatment, and this entitlement is not reduced because her decision might appear morally repugnant, bizarre or irrational. The right to refuse medical treatment in this situation is only available where the woman is deemed to be competent. This language is reminiscent of the decision of the House of Lords in Gillick v West Norfolk and Wisbech Area Health Authority and essay the DHSS (1985). Cambridge. The mother of quoting a movie essay, girls under the age of consent had sought a court declaration that their doctors would not be allowed to prescribe contraceptive pills to her daughters without her knowledge. The House of cambridge, Lords declared that a ‘competent child’, who had sufficient understanding of the issues involved, could decide for herself without her parents being informed. The decisions in both these cases illustrate how the autonomy of the individual can override other considerations, such as the interests of the unborn child, and parental responsibility. However, such autonomy is not absolute. Diane Pretty suffered from motor-neurone disease, a terminal condition.

She wanted her husband to american essayists be allowed to help her to end her life peacefully and with dignity. In 2001, the House of Lords and cambridge tsa essay the European Court of Human Rights rejected her application, ruling that a right to an essay on man life does not include a right to end life. Her application conflicted with broader issues of public morality. Parliament must also confront issues of cambridge tsa essay, public morality. The Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act 1990 introduced regulations for the creation, storage and quoting from in an essay use of human embryos outside of the human body. It also introduced a statutory licensing authority to oversee the operation of the Act.

In 2004, as a result of advances in cambridge tsa essay, reproductive medicine and changes in public morality, the government began a review of the 1990 Act, leading to power essay the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Bill 2008. Among its features are: 1 a new concept of cambridge tsa essay, parenthood for a mother’s female partner: 2 statutory approval to be given to ‘saviour siblings’, i.e. children born from embryos that have been genetically screened to ensure they share the same tissue type as the sick, live sibling. 3 in relation to children born after surrogacy arrangements, same sex couples and unmarried opposite power essay, sex couples to enjoy the same rights to parenthood as married couples now an increase in the type of embryo research that will be permitted, including the use of hybrid embryos. This Bill has been described in Parliament as ‘a pragmatic fusion between science and the social morals of today’. Elements of it are certainly consistent with other recent legislation.

In 2004, the Civil Partnership Act allowed partners of the same biological sex to enter into tsa essay a civil partnership giving them the same rights and responsibilities as heterosexual married couples. These include property rights, exemptions on inheritance tax, pension rights, and next-of-kin rights. In 2006, Parliament passed the Equality Act. This forbids schools, businesses and other agencies from discriminating on the basis of age, disability, gender, race, religion or sexual orientation. Under the terms of this Act, adoption agencies have to consider applications for adoption from homosexual couples. The Roman Catholic Church sought an exemption from english, this provision, arguing that this went against its teachings. However, the government refused to yield ground, instead granting religious adoption agencies 21 months to prepare to implement the new rules. Task : Complete the activity on Law and morality and cambridge topical issues by completing the attached research activity. The research activity page with links to short all relevant issues in the word document. Below are two video clips that may help you understand the issues:

Mandatory life Sentence and the European Convention on Human Rights. Anti terrorsm Laws and search and arrest procedures. Task: Write the following essay on Law and cambridge tsa essay Morality using the essay plan at this link. Consider the view that there is a close relationship between law and morality. Examine the short, debate as to whether the law should reflect moral values, and discuss issues which show the cambridge tsa essay, continuing importance of essay, that debate. (30marks + 5 QWC)

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It can save you a lot of hassle designing and filling up your resume, and quoting from a movie in an, land you more interviews faster. Cambridge. However, if you’d still like to make the resume on your own, use our industry-specific resume samples to give you guidance and inspiration when writing your own resume. Lastly, don’t forget to essayists, check out our professional cover letter examples. Not Sure Which Template to Choose? The answer is tsa essay, yes — if you want to. Every person’s experience is unique, so you’ll need to choose a template that best reflects and quoting from essay, promotes your skills and tsa essay, experiences.Our templates are built to be customizable to any industry and essay slavery, are great for cambridge, any of the 3 resume formats. The fact is, the web is filled with so many fantastic and creative template designs that there is undoubtedly something for essay, you out there. We are proud of the designs we’ve created, and have seen that they are effective at landing interviews. But we’re not finished yet — we’ll be adding template designs to this page extensively in cambridge, the near future. If you feel like creating your own, that’s fine too.

Readability is short essay, king when creating a good template — it is the cambridge, most important factor, followed by an essay poem how the resume itself is structured to cambridge tsa essay, showcase your best experiences and conceal your negative ones. You may have read on the Internet that it’s inappropriate to use a resume template. You’ll hear these arguments: 1. Power Essay. It shows you’re lazy and uncreative, and unable to tsa essay, design your own. Wrong, it shows you’re efficient. (Creating your own is an essay poem, fine, too.) 2. Since your experience is unique, a resume template won’t cut it. Wrong again. Your experience is personally unique, but you still generally fall into pattern that many other people have traveled before. 3. The hiring manager will be tired of looking at tsa essay, that resume template design because a lot of other people use it. That hiring manager should be fired.

It’s the content of your resume that matters, not the aesthetic (unless it’s not readable.) We hope that clears up any misconceptions you may have had. We invite you to on man, scroll back to the top and choose from one of our many resume libraries, and start writing. cover letter for nursing. Should i include collegiate sports in my resume? And if so where? It depends how much professional experience you have.

If you are a recent college grad, then it is cambridge tsa essay, acceptable to include on your resume. Vs Authority. Good luck on tsa essay, the job hunt! Good luck on the job hunt! If the jobs are relevant to the ones you are applying for, then you can go as far back as you like. With regards to your military experience, check out our military to civilian resume guide: https://resumegenius.com/blog/go-shooting-guns-coffee-runs. Any of the templates in library 2 would be suitable for manufacturing careers.

Best of luck! I’ve worked in the same industry for the past 13 years. Multiple employers with jobs lasting two to three years each. The jobs have been similar, so the experience looks a bit repetitive. I need to find a template that highlights my experience without getting bogged down in short, the chronology, Any suggestions? It provides ample space for your professional experience, while also highlighting your top qualifications.

Good luck on cambridge, the job hunt! hi resume genius.. i need template resume that suitable for trainer and an essay, coach.. can u suggest to me with template is suitable.. #128578; I had a job for 7 years and cambridge tsa essay, during that time I wore many hats, Executive Admin, Purchasing, Vendor Management, Project Coordination, etc. How would I write that on my resume? Perhaps the Company name and then all the related roles under that and short, the times I did those jobs? I was always the Executive Admin, but I did other jobs during that period. Yes, your suggestion is correct. Start with the company name and included the related jobs with their own bullet points underneath. Good luck! Consider trying the cambridge tsa essay, ‘Job Hopper’ or the ‘Executive.’ They should able to fit all your jobs nicely.

Ive never had a job so what should I use? Most of the templates above would suit your situation, but we suggest trying the power vs authority essay, Career Changer template because it emphasizes skills over the dates of your professional experience. Cambridge Tsa Essay. (https://resumegenius.com/resume-templates/career-level-life-situation-templates#career-changer-templates) Best of american luck! We suggest using the ‘Gatsby’ Template. Good luck with grad school! As far as style, we suggest our ‘Professional’ template. In terms of format, if you want to include your restaurant experience, then you might want to consider using a functional format:https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats/functional-samples-writing-guide.

Hope this helps! We suggest using our ‘Entry-Level’ template. Good luck with the internship! Good Day Resume Genius.I’m a midwife by tsa essay profession an has worked in from in an, a military hospital for tsa essay, 16 years in writing essay english, KSA. I’m trying to apply as a home based ESL educator and an email respondent . Tsa Essay. Since I’m from the medical profession, I’m having difficulty in choosing the perfect resume.The skill I know is more on the medical.,clerical which involes data entry for appointments and summary, interpreter and my part time informal english lessons to native speaking arabs. What template should I use? Try the ‘Murray’ template. Good luck! Hello. Which is good for cabin crew applicant?

I have no many work experience in service. So i want to highlight the other things. Famous American Essayists. Thanks #128578; Take a look at tsa essay, our Flight Attendant resume sample: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/flight-attendant-resume-example You can download it and input your own information. Which template would you recommend for a career in an essay on man, education? Check out our teacher resume samples: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/teacher-resume-example You can download them and input your own experience. Try using the ‘Freeman’ template. Best of luck on the promotion! Hi! What resume template would you recommend for a college freshman trying to apply for tsa essay, a competitive summer program with the USDA and South Dakota State University? Sound like the essay against, ‘Entry-Level’ template would be a good fit for tsa essay, what you’re trying to do.

Good luck with the learn writing, summer program. Hi! Which resume template would you recommend for someone trying to tap into the finance and cambridge tsa essay, accounting market. Looking for an entry-level position. You should go with the ‘Entry-Level’ template. Good luck with the american, job hunt. I have worked 32+ years as a nurse, the last 4 years taking care of my elderly father and online work. Now seeking to get back into the job market for extra income, not necessarily in the health field, just to cambridge, earn some income and socialize. What resume do you suggest? Try the ‘Job Hopper’ template. Good luck with your job search!

Hi! What resume template would you recommend for a 9th grader trying to persuasive essay against, apply for a doctor (any)?? Apparently, resume making and interviewing is tsa essay, our project for the fourth quarter this year. I couldn’t find any clear examples on the web, and I was hoping you could help me out with what template I should use.. Try using the ‘Elegant 2.0’ template. Good luck on your project. Yes, if you click the View all Resume Designs button and click the download link for the template pack of your choice. If you’ve never written a resume before, I’d recommend checking out our “How to famous essayists, Write a Resume” guide to get a clearer idea (it’s much more comprehensive than any answer I can give here). https://resumegenius.com/how-to-write-a-resume.

Hit us up with any follow-up questions after giving that a read we’ll see if we can help further! Good luck! Hey there Margaret, In order to cambridge, best understand which template works, it’s a good idea to check out which resume format fits your particular needs; then you can take it from there. Power. https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats. All of the templates were created by professional resume writers, so it’s hard to go wrong with any of them — it just depends on your preference.

Good luck! It really depends on what job you’re applying for. Since you have substantial work experience, try quantifying that in your resume (think: any numbers that a hiring manager can look at and better understand what you accomplished during your time working there). Check out cambridge this page and choose the one you find most fitting, that should be a good start: https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats. Good luck on the job hunt! Hey there hbil036, This way, you can focus on your skills qualifications critical to the job application. As an aside, you may want to look into whether you’re qualified to get back into accounting after that many years outside of the field. I understand that some regulations and essay, rules change over the years — it may just be a matter of cambridge tsa essay taking a test or updating your certifications, but I’m not certain.

If that doesn’t seem to be a problem then go with the functional resume for sure. Vs Authority Essay. Good luck on the job hunt! If you are lacking in major experience, I’d recommend using a reverse chronological format for your resume. Our “Classic” template on this page should do the trick: https://resumegenius.com/resume-templates/ Good luck at the job fair! I recommend you first check out our internship resume sample page: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/internship-resume-example. Afterwards, feel free to choose any format – just use a comprehensive education section instead of tsa essay a professional experience section, and you should be good. Good luck landing that internship!

Share Free Downloadable Resume Templates Our code geeks and HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to help you land more interviews in an essay, today’s competitive job market. We provide HR-approved resume templates, built-in job description bullet point phrases to choose from, and easy export to MS Word and PDF. Get awesome job opportunities sent directly to cambridge, your inbox. By clicking Send Me Job Alerts, I agree to the Resume Genius Terms of on outsourcing Use and Privacy Policy. Play the cambridge tsa essay, One-Minute Game That’ll Show You How to Improve Your Resume. Think you can judge the quality of a resume within 6 seconds? The answer may surprise you. Put your skills to the test, and learn how to make your resume 6 second worthy! 3 Reasons Why I Wouldn't Hire Tom Brady.

Tom Brady’s resume is a couple yards short of a touchdown. There are tons of errors throughout. See why. How to quoting from a movie in an essay, Modify and Maximize your Resume Template. Need a resume template? Feel free to download one, but be sure to make small modifications to unlock your. Would You Rather Work for a Man or a Woman?

Do people still care whether they work for tsa essay, a man or woman, or do most people simply look for a nice job. 5 Ridiculous Excuses To Calling Out Of Work That Were Surprisingly Successful. Every office is bound to have that one person that abuses the call-out policy. These people go above and. Resume Genius' builder, resources, advice and career tips are regularly featured on some of the quoting a movie in an, world's leading online and offline publications including: Our code geeks and HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to help you land more interviews in today's competitive job market.

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Add a citation and create a bibliography. Before you can create a bibliography you need to have at least one citation and source in your document that will appear in cambridge your bibliography. If you don't have all of the information that you need about a source to create a complete citation, you can use a placeholder citation, and then complete the source information later. Note: Placeholder citations do not appear in the bibliography. Add a new citation and source to essayists a document.

On the tsa essay References tab, in the Citations Bibliography group, click the arrow next to american essayists Style . Click the style that you want to use for the citation and source. For example, social sciences documents usually use the MLA or APA styles for citations and sources. Click at cambridge tsa essay, the end of the sentence or phrase that you want to famous essayists cite. On the References tab, in the Citations Bibliography group, click Insert Citation . Do one of the following: To add the source information, click Add New Source , then begin to fill in the source information by cambridge clicking the on man poem arrow next to Type of tsa essay, source . For example, your source might be a book, a report, or a Web site. To add a placeholder, so that you can create a citation and fill in the source information later, click Add New Placeholder . On Man Poem! A question mark appears next to placeholder sources in Source Manager. Cambridge Tsa Essay! Fill in the bibliography information for the source. To add more information about a source, click the Show All Bibliography Fields check box. Now you can create your bibliography.

If you choose a GOST or ISO 690 style for your sources and on man a citation is not unique, append an alphabetic character to the year. For example, a citation would appear as [Pasteur, 1848a]. Cambridge Tsa Essay! If you choose ISO 690-Numerical Reference and your citations still don't appear consecutively, you must click the ISO 690 style again, and then press ENTER to correctly order the citations. Power Vs Authority Essay! Add additional citations from a previously used source. You can easily access citations you added previously.

In fact, you can reuse them throughout your document. It's simple. Place the cursor where you want to insert a citation, and click References Insert Citation . Find the citation by the Author or Tag name , and tsa essay select the citation. Tip: You can insert a placeholder if you need to look up a citation later. Click References Insert Citation . Click Add New Placeholder , and create a unique Tag name . Find the Placeholder in your content, and click the text to Edit Source details. Vs Authority Essay! Now that you’ve inserted one or more citations and sources in your document you can create your bibliography. Click where you want to insert a bibliography, usually at the end of the document. Cambridge! On the References tab, in the Citations Bibliography group, click Bibliography . Click a predesigned bibliography format to insert the bibliography into the document. The list of sources that you use can become quite long. At times you might search for a source that you cited in persuasive essay another document by using the Manage Sources command.

On the References tab, in the Citations Bibliography group, click Manage Sources . If you open a new document that does not yet contain citations, all of the cambridge tsa essay sources that you used in previous documents appear under Master List . If you open a document that includes citations, the sources for those citations appear under Current List . All the writing english sources that you have cited, either in previous documents or in cambridge the current document, appear under Master List . To find a specific source, do one of the following: In the a movie in an sorting box, sort by author, title, citation tag name, or year, and then search the resulting list for the source that you want to find. In the Search box, type the title or author for the source that you want to find. The list dynamically narrows to match your search term. Cambridge! Note: You can click the Browse button in Source Manager to select another master list from which you can import new sources into your document. Vs Authority! For example, you might connect to tsa essay a file on a shared server, on a research colleague's computer or server, or on a Web site that is hosted by learn writing essay english a university or research institution. On the References tab, in the Citations Bibliography group, click Manage Sources . Cambridge! In the learn english Source Manager dialog box, under Master List or Current List , select the source you want to cambridge edit, and then click Edit . Note: To edit a placeholder to add citation information, select the placeholder from Current List and on man click Edit . In the Edit Source dialog box, make the changes you want and click OK . Occasionally, you may want to create a placeholder citation, and then wait until later to fill in the complete bibliography source information. Any changes that you make to a source are automatically reflected in the bibliography, if you have already created one. A question mark appears next to placeholder sources in Source Manager. On the References tab, in the Citations Bibliography group, click Manage Sources . Under Current List , click the cambridge placeholder that you want to edit. Note: Placeholder sources are alphabetized in Source Manager, along with all other sources, based on the placeholder tag name.

By default, placeholder tag names contain the word Placeholder and a number, but you can customize the placeholder tag name with whatever tag you want. Begin to fill in the source information by clicking the arrow next to essay against Type of cambridge tsa essay, source . For example, your source might be a book, a report, or a Web site. Fill in short on outsourcing the bibliography information for the source. To add more information about a source, click the Show All Bibliography Fields check box.

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Downton Abbey Cooks Online Guide to tsa essay, Afternoon Tea. My tea party on National TV. Link to Recipes and Video Clip from the show. An overview on what you need to famous essayists, know about Afternoon Tea. My new book with 60+ recipes and tsa essay, tips.

Afternoon Tea is arguably the from a movie, best contribution the British have made to tsa essay, cuisine. A lovely tradition My upcoming new book will provide all you need to know, whether you are planning to visit a famous tea house in London, organizing a fundraiser or just hosting a tea at home. This article provides highlights on history, what to eat, how to eat, when to eat!. Enjoy. History of the persuasive essay slavery, English Tea Ritual. In 1662 Catherine of Braganza of cambridge Portugal married Charles II and quoting from a movie essay, brought with her the cambridge tsa essay, preference for tea, which had already become common in Europe.

As tea was her temperance drink of choice, it slowly gained social acceptance among some of the aristocracy as she replaced wine, ale and spirits with tea as the court drink. It did take some time though to ween courtiers from enjoying ale at breakfast. Essay On Outsourcing? Baby steps. The actual taking of tea in the afternoon developed into a new social event some time in the late 1830’s and tsa essay, early 1840’s. It was Anne, Duchess of Bedford, one of Queen Victoria’s ladies-in-waiting, who is credited for first “inventing” Afternoon Tea, but actually it had been a gradual evolution. The gap between lunch and supper was widening, so Anne started asking for tea and small cakes to be brought to from a movie in an essay, her private quarters.

I am sure she quickly realized that a lot of gossip could be shared if she invited other ladies to cambridge, her quarters to famous essayists, share her cakes. Cambridge Tsa Essay? Queen Victoria herself was encouraged to start hosting her own parties as a way of re-entering society after the passing of her beloved husband Albert. Legend has it that Victoria Sponge was named and served at her tea parties which became large affairs. Short On Outsourcing? Other women picked up the idea and spread like wildfire. Thus the ritual of afternoon tea began. Women do know how to get things done. Tea lingo: Afternoon Tea is Not High Tea. Nothing better than sharing tea with friends. There is nothing like enjoying tea with friends or colleagues. Cambridge? Check out my recent tv interview about hosting a tea party. If you are planning a visit to the UK, watch Downton Abbey , Coronation Street , or other British type serials, it might be helpful to get proper knowledge of the writing essay english, terms used.

Afternoon Tea — What we imagine all British teas to be. Cambridge? An afternoon meal, served typically from 4 – 6 pm, which includes the short on outsourcing, tiers of cambridge tsa essay smart little crustless sandwiches, scones, clotted cream, curd, 2-3 sweets and heaps of power vs authority tea. High Tea or Tea — High tea is eaten in “high chairs” at the dinner table. Afternoon Tea is traditionally served on tsa essay, lower couches and lounging chairs. High tea is actually is famous american a meal that the working class had at the end of the day with cold meats, potatoes, as well as other foods with tea and perhaps a beer. Americans confuse the two, and since some London tea houses use the tsa essay, terms interchangeable to keep tourists happy, it adds to the confusion. Short? Low Tea— This still afternoon tea, but called “low tea” because guests are seated in low armchairs with low side-tables on which to place their cups and saucers. Royale Tea — A social tea served with champagne at the beginning or sherry at the end of the tea. Celebration Tea — Another variation of tsa essay afternoon tea with a celebratory cake which is also served alongside the other sweets Cream Tea — A simple tea service consisting of scones, clotted cream, marmalade or lemon curd and tea.

Elevensies — Morning coffee hour in England (I remember the Hobbits used this term in vs authority essay, Lord of the Rings. I thought that they ate 11 times a day…just like me!) Tea Etiquette: Learn by Example from tsa essay, Downton Abbey. Matthew helps himself to american essayists, Madeleines (ITV) Displaying acceptable manners is a way of fitting in with a certain class. Pay attention to the “tea scene” in cambridge, S1 E2 of writing Downton Abbey . The new heir Matthew Crawley comes home to find visitors, and decides to tsa essay, help himself to tea and essay, madeleines. Tsa Essay? Molesley, the butler, is horrified and an essay on man, his mother, the cambridge, Dowager and Cora embarrased. On Outsourcing? Yes, it is evident that this middle class lawyer is a diamond in the rough, and cambridge tsa essay, has a long way to go before he will become a true gentleman, but we gradually see him growing into the role of heir apparent.

If you plan to enjoy the tea ritual in London or your home town, book an Afternoon Tea (not High Tea), and do take note of proper manners to fully enjoy the experience. In London, they do try to do things properly, which is why we adore Downton Abbey in the first place, right? The Dowager at Tea: always with an agenda (ITV) Tea with the Dowager could be stressful since was always some plan she had in learn writing english, mind to discuss. To help make your tea experience less stressful, here are some tips to take to the Dowager House, your local tea shop, or famous London tea house: Sugar/lemon —tea is poured first, then sugar or thinly sliced lemon and tsa essay, never milk and lemon together as it will curdle. Milk goes in after tea — a nice little saying: “To put milk in vs authority, your tea before sugar is to cambridge, cross the path of quoting from essay love, perhaps never to marry.” (Tea superstition) Who Pours? — If you are the hostess, you should pour. If you are taking tea at a tea house, it is the person who is closest to the pot when the pot is tsa essay brought to an essay poem, the table. Tsa Essay? Proper placement of spoon — the spoon never stays in the cup. Essay? Proper holding of cambridge cup — use both hands to learn essay english, lift both cup and cambridge, saucer to drink from, and please no pinkies*.

I dare you to catch anyone on Downton The correct order when eating on a tea tray is to eat savouries first, scones next and on man poem, sweets last. We have changed our order somewhat. We like guests to eat the scones first while they are hot, then move to savouries, then sweets. Scones — the most practical approach according to tsa essay, Debrett’s is to famous essayists, split the scone horizontally before adding your favorite spreads. Cream, then jam on scones? —This depends. Devon tradition puts clotted cream first on scones, then jam. In Cornwall, preserves first. Eat with fingers neatly. Use your fingers you can eat bite-size pastries with your fingers, as well as sliced loafs, breaking off small pieces before consuming. Cambridge Tsa Essay? Use a dessert fork to eat larger pastries.

No dunk zone — unless your tea party is very informal, dunking treats in power, your tea will garner a scowl. *Since ancient Rome, a cultured person ate with 3 fingers, a commoner with five. Tsa Essay? Thus, the birth of the raised pinkie was a perceived sign of elitism, however the The pinky “up” rule is actually a misinterpretation of the 3 fingers vs 5 fingers dining etiquette. You will never see the ladies at Downton Abbey raise a pinky. I am a bit of a pack rat and have accumulated a number of pieces over the years for my tea service. Some I have inherited, a few are treasured gifts from friends, but many I have picked up at yard sales and thrift stores over the years.

Your tea service does not have to short essay, match and in fact it works out better when each person has their own personal cup to keep track of. If you are keen on tsa essay, starting your own tea service, try checking out your local Goodwill store. You will be amazed at what you may find. Don’t get too stressed about making tea, particularly since much tea is persuasive essay against now sold in tea bags. To distinguish yourself as a tea aficionado, however, just follow the time honored tradition of first warming the tea pot. Add a bit of boiling water to the pot, give it a swirl and pour it out before adding your tea.

Steep 3 or 4 minutes and don’t let the cambridge, tea steep too long or it will become bitter. If you go with loose tea, the general guideline is to allow for 1 tsp per person, 1 tsp for the pot, and persuasive against, allow 10 ounces per person. Tsa Essay? Use a tea strainer and pour into famous american essayists, cups. Cambridge Tsa Essay? You may wish to fill your tea pot with tap water, pour into a measuring cup to determine how many cups your pot will hold. Debrett’s also advises that you keep a heated pot of water nearby in case to help dilute tea if it is quoting from a movie in an essay too strong. Queen of the Kitchen. The following are the tsa essay, types of items you will find at on man tea.

Follow the links to locate recipes for items we have prepared in our travels. Essentially the tray holds the 3 S’s: Scones, Sandwiches/Savouries and Sweets. I mostly focus on traditional tea items (great food always has a history). I am a big fan of healthy eating and while many of cambridge tsa essay these treats are “sometimes” foods, but I also include healthy versions of some treats which you can enjoy anytime. The general rule to power, the tea tray is that items can be eaten by hand so are cut into bite sized pieces, and generally cold, unless you have scones right out of the oven. —always time for tea (Carnival Films)

Afternoon tea trays have three levels: TOP: SCONES. You your site are amazing! Thanks for all your hard work. This is such a beautiful, as well as informative blog. Cambridge? There are so many dishes I am inspired to make. Essay? So glad I found it! Hi Pamela! I am going to use this tea bible when the cast and crew of Titanic:A New Musical at TUTS Vancouver organizes a high tea to celerate the final week of rehearsals! Thanks so much! Yay!

Someone that knows that high tea is supper and tsa essay, is serving a real high tea. Learn Essay? You go girl. Thank you so much. Very helpful to us Americans! Reblogged this on The Rose of Europe and commented: Read this to avoid making a fool of yourself at tea parties! #128521; This is your tea bible! lovely article on tea. great info, thank you! Great source of information! Thank you for clarifications on cambridge tsa essay, the different types of Tea service.

Americans still make the essay english, mistake of referring to a traditional afternoon tea as a High Tea (one of my pet peeves). Hello, in the Dowager Countess clip showing how to serve tea, she uses a hot water type urn to cambridge, pour the water into power essay, the tea pot. Cambridge? Do you know the proper name for this as l would love to buy one if it is still possible? You know i really don’t know, but I would love to have one myself. Perhaps another follower will be able to provide some insight. I found out the name of it. They are called Tea Kettles some used spirits to create heat at the base or tea candles. When we were in Russia they called the urn’s Samovar, some designs are quite beautiful. Just found your blog today Pamela, Love it!

We used to sell these in our tea room. We ordered them from a company called “Alda’s” which, alas, is no longer in business. They called them “tea tippers”. Tea Time magazine often features advertising from companies that offer this kind of specialty item. Actually, just google it. There are several options! Have fun! The tea story relating to quoting from in an essay, marriage is about how young women’s suitors were tested for tsa essay “proper breeding” before being allowed to court (proceed to woo her to wed). Poorer quality china (porcelain) cracked due to thermal shock if hot tea went in first- so the custom was to put in the milk, then the short on outsourcing, tea- thus lessen the thermal shock. Thus, if a man put milk in first- he could be seen to be from poorer stock- and lesser breeding thus successfully out out of the running by tsa essay, the Dowager. Conversely if a Mr Willoughby was wooing your Marianne Dashwood- it would be greatly admired if he poured the hot tea first- nevermind the breakages- as he was obviously well bred- and all the short on outsourcing, ladies would together a-swoon.

That’s an interesting tidbit I hadn’t heard before. Tsa Essay? My understanding had been that milk was poured in first because the short, earlier china couldn’t stand up to cambridge tsa essay, the thermal shock, and that people only started reversing the process when higher-quality cups and such became available; it makes sense that those able to afford the higher-quality pieces would be the writing essay, first to tsa essay, own them (and then proceed to make pouring milk into tea a status thing). Another interesting tidbit: pouring milk in short, after the tea will dull the flavour of the cambridge tsa essay, tea. How funny – an Irish friend told me the milk was poured in first to from a movie essay, prevent staining or discoloration on the cups- both theories makes sense I suppose- I didn’t know pouring it after dilutes flavor! good to cambridge tsa essay, know-:) Great, informative post! I love tea and the rich tradition associated with it. Consider this bookmarked. #128578; What specific brands and types of tea are recommended? Generally you want to offer two or three types. An Essay On Man? Earl Grey is crowd favorite as well as English Breakfast and perhaps an orange pekoe.

There are lovely tea shops which offer fresh tea, and if you ask nicely they can provide a nice sampler pack for you. If you are a fan of history, Typhoo Tips http://wp.me/p27trL-xE was the first brand of tea offered in tea bags back in 1869, assuring customers they were buying fresh tea and not reclaimed tea. Thank you so much! What a delightful site; Tea and cambridge tsa essay, Downton Abbey- What could be better? Excellent information!

We enjoyed the first episode of season three of Downton Abby last night while partaking of vs authority essay High Tea! Although I enjoy my daily cuppa (or “cuppaS”), there is nothing like a real tea ceremony to make me feel all warm and fuzzy. I sincerely wish I had known of your website when I hosted a tea party for a few of cambridge tsa essay my coworkers last year! We had cucumber sandwiches, scones with clotted cream, jam, and lemon curd, and I made “lemon drops” which are essentially slices of homemade sponge cake with lemon curd between the layers and topped with whipped cream and an essay poem, a raspberry (or a gooseberry if you’re being authentic). Such good fun!! I am English and over the years have attended many Afternoon tea parties Including once as a girl a Royal Garden Party at cambridge tsa essay Buckingham Palace , I love them. I am just about to host my own Downtown tea party for 60. I have found your site the most informative and well researched, it far surpasses any other research I have found. The links to the recipes are very useful.

Thank you for all your hard work and research. Your site is lovely. Suzanne, Oxfordshire, Uk. An absolutely brilliant guide. Amazing how many people confuse ‘high tea’, ‘cream tea’ and power, the much more substantial ‘afternoon tea’. I’m constantly “on about” tea on my comfort food blog. Having grown up with afternoon tea, I have introduced many friends to the pleasures of afternoon tea over the years. Also love to go out for tea, and I *hate* it when servers at even the poshest places call it “high tea.” I think Americans do that because it sounds more “haute.” Which, in your opinion is better when it comes to a tea kettle: stainless steel or porcelain enamel? I’m getting very tired of using a regular pot to cambridge tsa essay, heat water in our house but would rather invest in poem, a quality kettle than not.

Any information you could give would be appreciated. Thank you. #128578; I have always used a stainless steel kettle, we currently have a smart looking brushed Cuisinart cordless version, and didn’t realize you could find porcelain, but you must live in a wonderful part of the world where they exist. As for a teapot, ceramic is the way to cambridge tsa essay, go. Thank you for quoting in an your input! The porcelain kettles I’ve seen are online actually. Not many to choose from but there are a few companies that make them. Again, thank you for replying. Well. I couldn’t have found a better site to link to from my article, Downton Abbey: Hats of cambridge tsa essay Distinction.

As the Teapixie, I live for tea and the taking of from a movie tea. I love that special menus are created around tea and it is so fun to see how you pair recipes with Downton Abbey events. Even if the events are tragic. Isn’t television fun? In any case, I just want to let you know that I have linked to cambridge tsa essay, your site, along with others.

I want to invite you to come by power, my page so that you can see how I am profiling the fun of the cambridge, Downton Abbey style-makers. I am regularly updating the poem, article with new links and new hats. Putting the article together is almost as fun as Tea or watching Downton Abbey, because I get to visit sites like yours. Thank you so much for creating a site with true tea ambiance! I’m terribly sorry but I really feel that I must comment. Commendable as your blog may be, I find it rather offensive when you refer to “The British may have failed miserably in cambridge, other culinary areas”.

I am English born and bred and vs authority, I suggest you visit my fair country to cambridge tsa essay, actually try our food and fabulous restaurants. We have an extraordinary amount of fantastic fare, amazing quality of produce, a thriving farmers market and artisan producers. We have some of the best chefs in the World and learn essay english, thankfully independent restaurants still survive despite the tsa essay, ongoing march of dull franchises. As someone who was bought up in essay, a house of food, a brother who was a pastry chef at Fortum and Mason and cooked for the royal family; I suggest you try our cuisine for yourself and on our shores before you revert to a stereotypical and spread rather outdated and cambridge tsa essay, uneducated view. Famous? I think you might even enjoy the cambridge, education. I wish you well.

Oh CC! My roots are in England and I do have a special place in an essay poem, my heart for tsa essay Jamie, Nigella, and Heston (a family favourite). Of course England is coloured by myriad gastronic experiences, just like Canada. I am on the West Coast of Canada and I rarely eat smoked salmon because it’s just too expensive! And a dish like Poutine is for those who wish to live short lives. But we eat lots of sushi, curry, Mexican, and Italian. It is hard to from a movie, think of stereotyped British food without thinking of deep fried fish and chips, bangers and mash, and scraped toast. This is not meant as an tsa essay insult to the country of short England, it actually gives me warm feelings about my British Grandad – even the overcooked veggies that he loved.

I have eaten food on your shores, many, many times. There are fantastic restaurants and tsa essay, there are places that struggle to break free from the historic menus. I love both and look forward to shopping in English grocery stores, talking with restaurant and learn writing english, tea room prorietors, and eating a wide variety of fantastic foods including the nations number one dish, chicken tikka masala! Please know that my personal regard for the “culinary failures” of England are associated with history – just as Afternoon tea or High Tea or Elevenses are fantastic events associated with the history. All country cultures are weirdly stereotyped but should never be perceived as lacking in cambridge tsa essay, opportunities to evolve or lacking in evolution.

My connection with historic British food is learn essay english enveloped in incredibly wonderful feelings about my own heritage. I am proud to say that I have a British culinary heritage. So am I! I cherish all my mother passed on to me. Not just cooking but the heritage as well. Rule Britiana. Joan Murphins. I believe it is correct to say “elevenses” not “elevensies.” in English hi tea what hot snacks we can offer. Dear Pamela,As a Brit, it’s nice to see someone from ‘over the pond’ who’s got most of the information about tsa essay Afternoon Tea correct for a change: I now live in Vinci, Italy (yes where Leonardo was born), and now offer afternoon tea to vs authority essay, Italians in our home dining business.I would take you to task on one item in cambridge, your article,(there’s always a critic!) and that is about Cream Tea in which you say: “Cream Tea — A simple tea service consisting of scones, clotted cream, marmalade or lemon curd and tea.” Cream Tea traditionally consists of scones served with clotted cream and strawberry jam.Having said that if people prefer to have their scones (and it’s pronounced ‘skons’ as far as I’m concerned),with an alternative, I have no problem with that, it’s a free world (supposedly)!For example I sometimes fill my Victoria Sponge with lemon curd instead of the traditional raspberry jam and fresh raspberries both of short essay on outsourcing which balance well with a nice cup of tsa essay sweet tea.Good Luck with the book! Is Sherry served at Tea?

When, before or after? Your article is great, very helpful. Famous Essayists? Thank you very much !

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essay topics time An Essay on Time. by Rolf-Dietmar Ehrhardt. translated by Kati Sheppard. Time allows people to cambridge tsa essay, perceive motion. Furthermore, people perceive it differently. American Essayists! One might feel that his perception of time and cambridge its manifestation is within a timely context and in an its justification, regardless if near or far.

On the cambridge, other hand, another person might perceive time as a hand on a clock that moves along minute by minute, validating each change as a sequence of time. It is utmost important to learn writing essay english, understand that the concept of time is not easy to explain and cambridge tsa essay not easy to comprehend; even among each other. Essay! Especially complicated it will get if one introduces the cambridge, concept of an afterlife and the probability of time existing in those spheres of existence. Essayists! The question arises, if time does not exist in cambridge an afterlife: How can communication take place between the two spheres? Hoping to better demonstrate the events that take place, I would like to persuasive essay, introduce a model to shed some light on this important aspect of exploring the afterlife. First of all, it is important to distinguish between the existence of a physical - mathematical term of time and the existence of a consciousness term of time within each human being. All of us are aware of the phrases: Well, that took a long time!, That went fast!, How much longer will that take? and so forth.

No conflict arises with the physical term of time, since we do have scales to monitor time, as we know it, with explicit accuracy. But, does time exist without the cambridge, existence of a human being, who interprets what time is - with his human consciousness? Simply put, does time exist without someone reading the clock? To demonstrate the variety of explanations of an essay poem this phenomenon, I would like to use a few quotations of tsa essay other possible models: the one-after-the-other-correspondence of things. the succession of happenings, to be experienced as an irreversible sequence of events, a longitude of change, incidents in persuasive essay against nature and history. to be viewed, depending on scientific (philosophical) views, as finite or infinite, homogenous, divisible continuum, which under specific points of view and cambridge appropriations act as a scheme of order. (c) Bibliographisches Institut F. A. Brockhaus AG, 2001 [german translation] Time in physics.

In physics: time is, by experience, not influenceable. However, it is writing, according to the theory of relativity with the instance of motion of a time measuring observer and cambridge its dependent base quantity (t) and seconds (s). Newtonian, classical physics (non-relative), declared time independent of matter and independent of its variations in learn writing its material change, with a clear causal connection (earlier-later-relation) to equally go off in every space of the universe at the same time. Cambridge Tsa Essay! By definition of a time interval with a beginning and slavery an end of randomly reproducible events, independent of the measures of the experiments as a unit of time and durance, time becomes precise. (c) Bibliographisches Institut F. A. Cambridge Tsa Essay! Brockhaus AG, 2001. is the basic concept necessary to comprehend the motion of short on outsourcing matter. Although, for spatially separated events, no absolute earlier-later-relation can be indicated. Yet it is possible for timely separated events and especially for points of a world-line ( = explanation of the movement of a point through a curve in a four dimensional space-time-world); for those, the direction of time is fixed. (c) Physiklexikon Band 2 , VEB F.A. Brockhaus Verlag.

is for the casual perception a continuous progression in which all changes take place. Within the cambridge tsa essay, space-time-continuum all statements are relative. Each statement depends on the location of the observer and his motion relative to the observed object. (c) Das neue Taschenlexikon Band XYZ, Bertelsmann Lexikon Verlag. Time (by Stephen W. Hawking) According to the theory of relativity, each observer has his own measure of time, which is registered on the watch he is wearing. Watches on different observers do not have to register the same measurement of persuasive essay time. Therefore, time evolved into a personal concept, depending on cambridge tsa essay, the observer who is learn writing, measuring it. (c) Eine kurze Geschichte der Zeit - Die Suche nach der Urkraft des Universums - Stephen W. Hawking - Rowohlt Verlag. [(c) A brief history of cambridge tsa essay time - from the big bang to black holes - Stephen W. Hawking]

Time and Cosmology. Time came about short with the big bang, since time before the big bang is could not be defined. The big bang theory suggests: Before matter, space, and time came to being, everything was concentrated within a singularity of extreme density and temperature. Quantitative cosmology was able to approach this singularity to cambridge, about 10 -34 seconds. Poem! Hence, all statements that lie before that time cannot be made, since one must consider the quantum effects of gravity, for which there does not exist a theory yet.

Time within a black hole does not exist. Time and Consciousness. Because of the scientific method, the physical-mathematical concept of time is determined without any reference to human consciousness. But time is cambridge tsa essay, something that every person experiences. Each day we fill it, time that is, with meaningful things.

A universal determination of time must therefore include an experiencing individual, the essay on outsourcing, perspective of a first person, and that of others as well. Contrary to the scientific concept of time, a lifetime is an existential dimension. Forecast or the look back do not exhaust themselves in tsa essay a distant registration of facts and their causal connection. Through the consciousness of an essay poem time, a correlation can be found to ones own behavior, goals, motivations, and consequences. Past and future are equally judged. Goals can be set, accountability of cambridge tsa essay possible consequences can be taken, and guilt can be restored. (c) Bibliographisches Institut F. A. Brockhaus AG, 2001.

Time within Human Consciousness. The passage of the present is experienced differently within the short essay on outsourcing, human consciousness; the non-reversable passage of events, which is experienced as past, present, and future in the context of things coming to tsa essay, be and passing away. We experience the world as a directed process which allows a conceptual division of space and time. Therefore, time is an abstract emphasis of changeable states of reality. (c) Bibliographisches Institut F. A. Brockhaus AG, 2001. the feeling of change in moments, hours, days, months, years. (c) Deutsches Woerterbuch 1996. Interestingly, perception, observer, assessment, consciousness and judgment are important elements in all definitions and descriptions of time. Power Essay! It is obvious that for the perception of time, a consciousness must be present. For example a watch on cambridge, Mars with no observer - digits will change!

But is this considered a measurement of time? More and an essay poem more explorers of established sciences believe that something becomes existent only through observation - even our universe itself. Please remember that all of our perception is based on five senses. However, far more things exist which cannot be perceived by our five senses. Cambridge! Every person can convince him/herself of this by looking at x-rays and microwave radiation photographs of the universe. Power Essay! Clearly something (and probably a lot of things) exist that we cannot perceive. On the Human Plane (our 3 dimensional world) we experience different types of consciousness': The I - consciousness still exists regardless whether I turn off all signals to my sense organs, that is if I loose contact with my outer world and my own body itself. The waking-consciousness; the tsa essay, opposite to the loss of consciousness.

The sleep-dream-consciousness is marked by the disjunction of the stimulus to all five sense organs. The near death-consciousness resembles an extreme disjunction between the individual mind and its matter-bounded resonance. Lets take a look at a simple and well known example: While sleeping, we do not register the time sequence known to us during the waking state. Our sleep-dream-consciousness is therefore completely different from our waking-consciousness. Could it be that time, as we know it, does not exist if I slept forever? Or could that mean that only for power essay, me common time did not exist? It is quite obvious that only for me common time would not exist. But still, common time would exist for everybody else that did not sleep forever. Cambridge Tsa Essay! But who asked in the first place?

Is it the I of persuasive against slavery a human construction which is limited by cambridge tsa essay, five senses? Yet, our wake-consciousness depends on quoting, our world which is made up of three dimensions, to even allow the perception of time. Obviously, human wake-consciousness, three dimensionality, and time make a unit. Is it possible that sleep-dream-consciousness offers other types of perception? What about people who possess the ability of clairvoyance, mediumship, or other types of ESP (Extra Sensory Perception)? Do these people bridge the concept of time which never existed in the first place? What would happen if sleep-dream-consciousness could be deliberately brought about? Would we be without time, in the known sense, but yet with a body and not being conscious of the absence of time? Some people are able to deliberately put themselves in a state of mind that permits the perception of just that; the sleep-dream-consciousness. These people report on spiritual/astral journeys outside of cambridge their bodies.

The body remains, while their soul explores different realms or just other places on earth. Distance and time seem not to matter anymore. Quoting From In An! Bilocation - the ability to appear in two different places at the same time - is just another phenomenon which suggests that time and tsa essay space exist in ways other than those known to vs authority, us. Is human consciousness independent of its body? This obviously must be the cambridge tsa essay, case. Are there different types of consciousness connected to essay english, a person?

Yes, recall the definitions. Is it possible, that in the moment when a person is unable to relate to himself and his environment with his 5 senses, part of his consciousness travels -- independent of time and space? This seems not only possible, but a fact (i.e., while dreaming at night). So what aspect of cambridge tsa essay consciousness, what exactly travels? It is the soul.

Doesn't this suggest that a person, within the three dimensional existence and his concept of time, is without time during this specific state of consciousness? Yes, since he cannot perceive time as we know it. To him time does not exist. Therefore, three dimensional existence and time make a unit to be perceivable by a person. Who else supposed to perceive it? Does time exist in the afterlife? If we talk about time as we know it, then time does not exist there, since the person with his 5 senses is not present. Could it be, that a different measure of time exists? How can one define it?

All the statements coming from the spiritual (not 3 dimensional) world say that time does not exist as known on earth. How can we picture reality in a spiritual world? When one looks at the state of consciousness of the bodily/spiritual self as an energy field, as an aura which can be seen by someone with the right skills, a means of from in an essay understanding opens up. Hypothetically, let us consider that the energy field of a person (possibly more) exists and tsa essay that clairvoyant people are able to perceive it. Furthermore, we want and can assume that this energy field distinguishes itself from person to person by its color, arrangement, distribution, density, and in its intensity. The structure and intensity of an energy field changes constantly within the famous american essayists, wake- consciousness of an individual, unless the person is tsa essay, able to essay against slavery, stabilize his consciousness at tsa essay will - just as mediums do for an essay, example. Furthermore, lets assume that not only people with ESP, but also entities from an afterlife are able to perceive this energy field. Hence, this energy field acts as a link to energetically perceive us people. How are such changes within a person noticeable? From changes in cambridge the structure and intensity of the energy field.

Some may say: The person's vibration differed as he 'moved' into a different frequency or into learn english a different plane of vibration. Entities in the afterlife, with the same or similar energy fields, are in contact with one another whenever it is desired. This type of cambridge tsa essay contact is executed via telepathy, the transmission of power thoughts (see The Power of tsa essay Thoughts). Whenever a desire is present to persuasive slavery, reach other entities in cambridge the hereafter outside of vs authority essay our own perimeter, a change of consciousness must take place in order to change one's own thought process. Is time essential?? How does the consciousness of the entity changes that wishes a contact? It is possible that the thought process of the cambridge tsa essay, entity can change and that is a development of its consciousness, since the energy field always exist. That is an action with no time needed, since the process of thought does not depend on persuasive essay, time and is not limited by velocity or distance to change an energy field with its frequency and/or pattern. What will change during the adaptation of the sender are the possibilities of reception - of the new consciousness through other entities. Entities, who always have been situated on tsa essay, that newly created frequency and/or pattern, are now able to register a new entity who is now sending its pattern of thought.

All that has changed is that contacts between other entities is now possible. A difference cannot be perceived, since the connection to the former plane of consciousness is now interrupted. That leaves us with the persuasive essay against, fact that a contact is possible between two entities, which comes to an end when no more resonance exist between their planes of consciousness, since one has changed its vibration / frequency and/or pattern. This could indicate a development. That implies that time does not exist in tsa essay the way : now it is like that and later it will be different. Hence, there exist only the perception or the non-perception of other entities.

It is only about - To Be. In the so called ghost-plane , a stage of consciousness where deceased people gather with an especially strong earthbound consciousness, it is possible, because of the strong connection to earth, that earthly time is essayists, still being registered, since the deceased is in a frequency that is close to earth. Accounts of this area often state that the deceased could remain in cambridge this state of an essay consciousness for over hundreds of years (measured while using the scientific method), until they are ready to develop a new pattern of thought fueled by cambridge tsa essay, realization which now opens up to resonance with other planes of an essay poem consciousness via telepathy - to tsa essay, achieve contact telepathically. The new pattern of thought gives rise to a change not of but in consciousness. How is a contact between entities of an afterlife within a timeless frame, and people in the 3-4 dimensional world possible? Contacts between spiritual realms and our world only take place during a communication between the different states of power vs authority essay consciousness. The soul must reduce its consciousness, in order to tsa essay, become perceptible and knowledgeable within the an essay, 3-4 dimensional reality = incarnation- consciousness ( IC ). To do just that, the cambridge tsa essay, soul must use an object, in our case a human body, with its qualities and limitations. Since the famous american, soul remained in a timeless state of being, it has now the opportunity to experience time, since it is tsa essay, bound to a body that is subject to laws and conditions of a 3 dimensional existence. So there exist a whole-consciousness of the on outsourcing, soul and an incarnational-consciousness which manifests itself within the human form. The whole-consciousness cannot be absolutified, but rather seen as a relative component of a soul.

That means, the whole-consciousness of soul # 1 is tsa essay, different from that of soul # 2. The question of the power vs authority essay, necessity of time is a highly philosophical one. Cambridge! Time actually shows variability and transience of all earthly states of being, perceived by living things who are equipped with an appropriate consciousness in order to perceive time. A person falls into a state of timelessness during the sleep state or if he calls upon it by demand. To view time as being existent, a perceivable consciousness is needed. The daily exchange of wake-consciousness to sleep-dream-consciousness with the perception of timelessness by the sleeper only shows: Time only exist in one specific state of consciousness. A person experiences other states of power vs authority consciousness, in which the perception of time is tsa essay, not possible, unless he is in his wake-consciousness which allows perception of learn writing english time as we know it. Time, as we know it, only exist in 3 dimensionality. Entities, after changing or adjusting their consciousness, have the ability to perceive happenings on earth which are bound by tsa essay, time.

For entities, this type of adjustment is often times sustainable only for a short period of time, since energy is necessary to achieve this state. Most contacts are cut short because of the degeneration of energy; which is required. Earthly time does not exist in the hereafter, as established above. In conclusion, a quote from the book Gehirn Magie (Brain Magic) from Ulrich Warnke: The most amazing journey in midst the essay, theories of quantum mechanics is the cambridge, one of traveling in short on outsourcing the future and in tsa essay the past at the same time. Today, understandably, this is very often ignored. According to Einstein: For us trusting physicists, the separation between past, present, and future is famous essayists, a bare, yet stubborn illusion. Einstein's quote makes sense to us, since everything that is cambridge, perceived depends on consciousness.

In addition, if there exist a form of consciousness which is able to perceive time as presence, past, and future, then the process cannot be much different for people as reading a complex and long novel in which the end has already been defined, but the reader only perceives time when changing the pages. Essay! And if the hero of the novel would have decided differently on cambridge, page x, then there must exist a second novel which would have manifested itself in a different book to be perceivable to power vs authority, the reader. rodiehr July 24, 2002. You are visiting our website: W rld ITC .org To reach our homepage click here please.