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Black Saturday Bushfires Essays and nus thesis Research Papers. By Mike Richardson. Saturday , 7th February 2009 was one of the darkest days to dawn upon the whole of Australia. But mostly towards the abelard and heloise questions people . of Victoria, it is now known as Black Saturday . Black Saturday was a series of bushfires that ignited or were burning across Victoria during extreme bushfire -weather conditions, resulting in Australia's highest ever loss of life from latex a bushfire . Conditions: Majority of the fires ignited and spread on a day of some of the worst bushfire conditions ever recorded. Ash Wednesday fires , Black Saturday bushfires , Bushfire 615 Words | 4 Pages. Bushfire incidents in Australia are caused in many different ways, some of the main reasons are accidents, such as vehicle fires, Human . carelessness, for example, from discarded cigarette butts or escapes from campfires and Lightning. The Intensity of bushfires is a thesis of the cruel increased by dry vegetation, often after a period of heatwave, together with strong, gusting winds, and absence of precipitation Faulty power lines are also often a cause of bushfires . Australia experiences many types of bushfires . Fires. Ash Wednesday fires , Black Friday , Black Saturday bushfires 1408 Words | 4 Pages. Natural Hazards – Bushfires A natural hazard is a natural event that has a significantly negative effect on people or the environment. Latex. Many . natural hazards are related.
For example drought can lead to famine and earthquakes can form tsunamis and landslides. Angel. Australia’s most common natural hazards are storms, cyclones, floods, droughts, heatwaves and bushfires . Natural Hazards have a major impact on nus thesis latex, Australian communities including loss of life, property damage, environmental destruction, and a. Ash Wednesday fires , Black Friday , Black Saturday bushfires 1042 Words | 3 Pages. A Thesis Angel. have a negative effect on people or the latex environment. 2. Provide a brief description of the type of hazard you have been allocated. . Bushfires : A bushfire is a large out-of-control fire occurring in a thesis of the cruel areas with large amounts of flammable vegetation. Bushfires are hard to control as the right weather conditions and nus thesis wind direction can cause a bushfire to practice, spread from the forest to civilisation. They occur naturally as a result of lightning strikes and spontaneous combustion, or it is the result. Ash Wednesday fires , Black Friday , Black Saturday bushfires 1242 Words | 4 Pages. Nus Thesis Latex. Victorian Bushfire: Black Saturday. In Victoria, the bushfire was said to be several different bushfires , from dissertation different areas, being picked up and expanded . throughout Victoria by winds of nus thesis, up to 100 km per hour (62mph). 400 different bushfires were recorded on February 7th. Since this, the particular Saturday is fcat known as black Saturday . Victoria is the most bushfire prone, with more fatalities, then any state in nus thesis Australia.
Over 4,500 km? (450,000 hectares, 1.1 million acres) is the burned area of gmat essay, Victoria. North-east of nus thesis latex, Melbourne. 2003 Canberra bushfires , Ash Wednesday fires , Black Friday 495 Words | 2 Pages. Arso and fcat dissertation Seductions Theory of Crime. Tom Fitzgerald Hussein Mohamud From Graffiti to latex, Terrorism 22nd April 2013 One of the most topical criminal acts of the last few years, particularly . following the Black Saturday bushfires , is crime of arson.
Arson refers to the intentional and malicious lighting of a fire, and often goes hand-in-hand with other criminal offenses such as destruction of property, the and heloise essay questions cause of nus thesis, serious physical harm, and on occasion, murder. It is unfortunately, a very commonly committed crime in fcat relative terms. Nus Thesis Latex. Black Saturday bushfires , Crime , Criminal law 1992 Words | 6 Pages. Black Saturday Black Saturday was a series of dissertation, bushfires that ignited and latex burnt in . Questions. Victoria from latex Saturday , 7th February 2009 - 14 March 2009. Barn Burning Faulkner Summary. As many as 400 individual fires were recorded on 7 February. Following the latex events of 7 February 2009 and its aftermath, that day has become widely referred to dissertation, as Black Saturday . The majority of the nus thesis latex fires were said to be started by fallen or clashing power lines, lightning, cigarette butts, and sparks from a power tools. They burnt over latex, 4,500 km? of land. Background. 2009 , Ash Wednesday fires , Australia 337 Words | 2 Pages.
There is without a doubt that social consequences of bushfires are indisputably greater than its impacts on the economy and environment. . Economically, bushfires destroyed infrastructures and residences. Some were dilapidated and others are destroyed completely. The money spent to control and latex put off the practice fire which can be millions of dollars should also be taken to account. Concerning the environment, bushfires disturbed floras and nus thesis latex faunas. Burning Summary. Natural habitats of living organisms are destroyed.
Carbon. 1967 Tasmanian fires , Ash Wednesday fires , Black Friday 477 Words | 2 Pages. Geography: The Australian Continent. and New Guinea, and comprise the platypus and the echidnas Natural Hazards: -Victorian Bush fires: The Black Saturday . bushfires were a series of bushfires that ignited or were burning across the Australian state of Victoria on and around Saturday , 7 February 2009. The fires occurred during extreme bushfire -weather conditions, and resulted in Australia's highest ever loss of life from latex a bushfire ; 173 people died and 414 were injured as a result of the fires. As many as 400 individual fires were recorded. Australia , Black Saturday bushfires , Continent 2406 Words | 8 Pages. *In the bushfires that happened at the start of barn faulkner, this year in nus thesis Marysville. Fcat. Many qualities were brought out of so many people, from helping . fighting fires, to donating money and donating clothes and goods etc. One story that I heard recently that happened around the time of the bushfires was probably one of the most amazing things I have heard come from nus thesis any person.
My sisters friend, a volunteer firefighter, Luke, met another fireman in his travels with the bushfires . On there way to fcat dissertation, fighting a fire. Latex. Bin Laden family , Black Saturday bushfires , Fight-or-flight response 837 Words | 2 Pages. Introduction Australia is frequently ravaged by gmat essay practice test bushfires , more so than any other country in the world. During the severe 2002-2003 season, . which lasted from 1 July 2002 to 28 February 2003, there were 5999 bushfires recorded. There has been a long, dramatic history of nus thesis, bushfires on the continent, with fires first sparking around five million years ago when dry grassland began to dominate the landscape. Prior to this period, Australia was predominately composed of dissertation, lakes, wetlands, rivers and rainforests. Bushfire , Controlled burn , Eucalyptus 1150 Words | 3 Pages.
Bushfires Bushfires A Bushfire is an uncontrolled fire that tends to ruin vegetation and also threaten many . Nus Thesis Latex. lives, homes and cities. Causes of Bushfires Bushfires usually occur from fuel, wind speed/humidity, topography and weather. Abelard And Heloise. Fuel often encourages Bushfires for example; woods, shrubs, vegetation, trees, gas bottles or even rubbish on latex, the ground. Wind speed and humidity tends to influence bushfires because depending on the wind it may push fires to expand further out or low humidity. Bushfire , Weather , Wind 551 Words | 14 Pages. ?Causes of Bushfires Bushfires are caused by both man- made and natural causes. The factors that cause them to introduction to a analysis, occur include . leaving a fire unattended, having an open fire on a dry windy day, the nus thesis latex glass from a mirror causing a small flame to become a powerful wildfire, arson and lightening are all causes of bushfires , however humans are the gmat test cause of 76% of all bushfires that occur.
Social impacts The impact of bushfires on the people of region can be huge and completely devastating. Some. 1967 Tasmanian fires , Bushfire , Causality 760 Words | 6 Pages. Black Feminism “Feminism in general is a collection of movements and nus thesis ideologies aimed at defining, establishing, and . Gmat Essay Test. defending equal political, economic, and nus thesis latex social rights for barn burning faulkner summary women.” Black Feminism is a strand of feminist thought, which highlights the manifold disadvantages of gender, class and race that shape the nus thesis experiences of nonwhite women. Black feminist organizations emerged during the introduction to a 1970s and they had to face manifold difficulties from both the white feminist and Black Nationalist. Black feminism , Black people , Feminism 1996 Words | 6 Pages. Effects of Bushfire Smoke on Health. Catastrophic bushfires that consumed over 40 000 hectares raged across Tasmania during January 2013 (Tasmanian Bushfire Recovery . Nus Thesis. Taskforce 2013, p.1). In addition to the immediate threat caused by fires, smoke haze blanketing areas of the state from January 6th resulted in continuing air quality warnings until February 10th causing increased short term health concerns for dissertation the community (Tasmanian Government 2013). It is too soon to see the effects of latex, long term exposure to bushfire smoke in this example. Air pollution , Particulate , Respiratory system 911 Words | 3 Pages.
Literature Midterm Essay 1 October 2013 Larry Neal’s “ Black Arts Movements” and Addison Gayle’s “The Black Aesthetic” are . two identical mission statements for the black audience: set yourself apart from the white culture and give your culture the recognition it deserves. The two pieces are similar in ideas and burning faulkner summary purposes. The black communities were tired of always adapting to the ways of the white culture because it was the “right” way to act. The black community wanted to define their own culture and. African American , African American culture , Black people 1631 Words | 5 Pages. their own community.
Iti Awosika joins the heated debate about how we can protect our children. Latex. There has been an alarming rate of deaths amongst teenage . Essay. black boys. For the latex past decade Britain has had the largest rate of teenage deaths amongst teenagers both black and fcat dissertation white, however this number has been much higher of amongst teens of Black decent, may have questioned the reason for latex this with statements like’ I blame the parents’, ‘I blame the education system’. But what are the main causes for. Nus Thesis Latex. African American , Black people , Crime 1191 Words | 3 Pages. An essay on bushfires as natural hazards. A bushfire is a firre burning out of latex, control inthe open. Bushfires can burn using grass,scrub or forest (or a combination of . Nus Thesis Latex. these) forfuel. Latex. Unless quickly controlled, bushfirescan become large, spreading to affect forests,wildlife, crops, houses and other buildings,and human life.
In Australia, some bushfireshave become major disasters. Fires are not a recent occurrence in Australia. Since the last Ice Age, bushfires have influencedthe development of the Australian land. Fires arean essential. Australia , Bushfire , Combustion 621 Words | 3 Pages. Black on Black Violence amp; Injustice of the burning summary Death Penalty Case Black on black violence has . been on nus thesis latex, the rise in the recent years.
1 in abelard and heloise essay 146 black males are at risk of violent death, whereas the ratio for white men is nus thesis latex 1 in 189. What do we mean by “ Black on nus thesis latex, Black crime?” It may be described as anytime a Black person inflicts violent harm on another Black person. The effects of this violence in the Black community are tremendous. Violence is very much part of what it means to nus thesis latex, be Black in America. African American , Black people , Pardo 1745 Words | 4 Pages. Nus Thesis Latex. Week-day Names and Saturday Wednesday Saturday. MAY : 2012 04.05.12 Monday Tuesday Friday Saturday Saturday Friday to Friday Saturday Monday School Begins . :: H.K.G. to Class X XII School Begins for L.K.G. Class XI Submission of Question Papers : FA 1 Ambedkar Jayanti (Holiday) Initiation Ceremony Primary Section F.A. 1 Exam/Class Test :HKG-V, XII-XII Initiation Ceremony - Secondary Section Parent/Teacher Meeting : 8.00 a.m. to 11.00 .am.
05.05.12 JULY : 2012 02.07.12 Friday Saturday Retirement of Mrs. S.Bhat Mrs. S. Nus Thesis Latex. Chaturvedi. A Thesis. Thai solar calendar , Week-day names 606 Words | 3 Pages. Black on nus thesis latex, black violence is an self, enormous problem in the African-American community. Living in a neighborhood that is nus thesis mostly . minority, many may have witnessed a lot of black on black violence.
The black on black violence has continued to essay practice, arise in many communities and continues to be a problem around the world. Black on black violence is ignorant, and many black Americans should be coming together instead of killing one another. African-Americans people should be helping each other achieve in the world. African American , Black people , Crime 926 Words | 3 Pages. “ Black Leaders or Leading Blacks ” Michael Eric Dyson is an African American Georgetown University sociology professor . and latex somebody has “bamboozled” – oops – I mean “convinced” Dr. Dyson that he has “juice” – clout – connections – influence that he doesn’t have.
The American media reported that Michael Eric Dyson chided African American clergy members who refused to go for the okie-doke and back President Obama’s play when he [the president] came out in favor of same-gender marriage. Dyson. African American , Black nationalism , Black supremacy 765 Words | 3 Pages. Bucher 1 Michael Bucher Lit 240 Mr. Kuelker July 7, 2013 “ Saturday “ : Good and a thesis angel Bad This paper represents the nus thesis yen and yang criticisms . of Ian McEwen’s novel “ Saturday ” and discusses its strengths and burning faulkner weaknesses. Critics rave about this novel and others don’t share the same enthusiasm. McEwan’s novel is “astonishing” and deserves “gratitude from nus thesis its readers” according to The Literary Analyst.
Agreeably when the burning faulkner summary plot is told from a third party it is nus thesis latex a fantastic story of the barn complexity. Fiction , Ian McEwan , James Tait Black Memorial Prize 1365 Words | 4 Pages. A Reflection on nus thesis latex, Holy Saturday Introduction Within Christianity there is a tendency, when it comes to reflecting on the events that . Gmat. occurred during “Holy Week”, to come to Good Friday and commemorate Jesus’ death on the cross and then to fast-forward ourselves and latex our thinking from faulkner summary His death to celebrating His resurrection on the following Sunday. Somehow the day in between, Holy Saturday , is often forgotten in this process. To many, Holy Saturday is just the day before Easter but as Cones puts. Christianity , Easter , God 2112 Words | 7 Pages.
This essay will explain what a black hole is nus thesis latex along with how black holes can be detected and gmat how black holes are . formed. Moreover, this essay will also provide evidence of the existence of black holes and locate where in the universe black holes occur. Firstly, a black hole is seen as a body in space whereby a strong gravitational pull causes a suction to be formed. The strength of the gravitational pull is nus thesis latex so significant due to fcat dissertation, the different forms of matter being squeezed into a small hole which. Binary star , Black hole , Galaxy 1931 Words | 5 Pages. The Black Sea is latex located between East European massif in the north and Asia Minor in the south; Caucasia in the east and a thesis cruel the Balkan Peninsula . in the west. This sea is extremely important to Russia because of many reasons.
The sea gives Russia many natural resources, including fish and many different types of nus thesis, nutrients. Fcat Dissertation. The sea also is very important in latex Russian history because many arguments, battles, and disputes have occurred because of the uncertainty of who owns the Black Sea and fcat its resources. Black Sea , Bulgaria , Crimea 1346 Words | 4 Pages. During the Harlem Renaissance, writers, especially black ones, portrayed the black culture and style in their writing. Latex. They used . A Thesis Angel. black assumptions, generalizations and stereotypes to show, what they thought was, the black culture. Nus Thesis Latex. Not all of this was far from the truth. Three writers, Zora Neale Hurston, Langston Hughes, and Sterling Brown are examples of writers that emulated black culture in their works. Langston Hughes works, “”The Negro Speaks of Rivers,” “Mother to nus thesis, Son,” “When Sue Wears Red. African American , Black Canadians , Black people 1233 Words | 3 Pages. Saturday Night at the Birthday Party. SATURDAY NIGHT AT THE BIRTHDAY PARTY Introduction: Saturday , March 13th 2004, my friend Hannah had a costume party for nus thesis her . 13-year-old son Jason.
Hannah invited 13 children to Jason’s birthday costume party at her home in self analysis essay Kissimmee. The children’s ages ranged from three to thirteen years old. Mostly everyone came to her home dressed in colorful costumes. Some were friendly, scary or funny,others were homemade or store bought. A young married couple arrived around 4:30 pm with. Emotion , Erikson's stages of psychosocial development , Jean Piaget 1518 Words | 4 Pages. this is my Story Michelle Williams Black Psychology Florida Agricultural and Mechanical University . Abstract: This is an autobiographical essay where I briefly analyzes and interpret significant and nus thesis impactful events that has transpired over my last 20 years in abelard essay my life from latex school to my community in Portland, Oregon. The objective of this essay is to connect concepts and the course objectives related to Black Psychology which I enrolled in at Florida. African American , African diaspora , Afro-Latin American 2214 Words | 6 Pages. nineteenth - century at various English stables.
Characters Black Beauty Duchess( Black Beauty’s Mother) . Ginger(chestnut mare) Squire Gordon(the owner of Birtwick Park) John and James(the stable gooms) Joe Green(the young groom) Jerry Baker(the kind owner of the cab fleet) Nicholas Skinner(the cruel owner of the a thesis cruel angel cab fleet) Mr. Nus Thesis. Thorouhgood(the good farmer) Plot This story is told by latex Black Beauty. Nus Thesis. Black Beauty tells of his carefree days as a foal, his difficult life. Fcat Dissertation. Anna Sewell , Boy , Carriage 812 Words | 3 Pages. Nus Thesis Latex. Black money or unaccounted money circulating in the parallel economy is a big menace to the economy. It is also a cause of big loss in the . tax-revenues for the government. As such it needs to be curbed. Its elimination will benefit the economy in more than one way. It will also generate more revenues for latex the government.
Black money may be defined as the money that is generated by activities that are kept secret in the sense that these are not reported to the authorities. As such this money is latex also. Corporate tax , Indirect tax , Progressive tax 2244 Words | 6 Pages. Codes’ were legal statutes and constitutional amendments enacted by the ex. Confederate states following the Civil War that sought to and heloise questions, . restrict the nus thesis latex liberties of newly freed sIaves, to ensure a supply of inexpensive agriculturaI Iabor; and maintain a white dominated hierarchy. However; the history of Black Codes did not begin wIth the coIIapse of the Confederacy. Prior to the Civil War, $tates in the south enacted Slave Codes to regulate the institution of slavery.
Furthermore, northern. A Thesis Of The Angel. African American , Black people , Law 1524 Words | 5 Pages. The Title: DuBois and Black Nationalism The Epigraph: The colored people are coming to face the fact quite calmly that most white . Americans do not like them, and are planning neither for their survival, nor their definite future W.E.B. DuBois A Negro Nation within the nus thesis latex Nation The Premise: Black Nationalism is a pragmatic solution for the success and survival of the oppressed African Americans. The Argument: Black Nationalism is fcat dissertation defined by Karenga, as the nus thesis political belief and practice.
African American , Afro-Latin American , Black people 927 Words | 3 Pages. Black holes are the fcat most mysterious objects that modern physics predicted. Event horizon is the edge of the black hole. If . anybody attempts to cross the black hole he or she will never come back. Latex. The holes are involved in a broad range of astrophysical occurrence, including majority of the active events in the space. John Michelle, a British mathematician, initially visualized black holes in 1783. He called them dark stars and his explanation was based on Newton's laws of gravity. Abelard Questions. Employing Newton's. Black hole , Black holes , Galaxy 1150 Words | 4 Pages. ? Black Ops or Black Ops 2: Which One Calls You to Duty?
Black Ops, released 11/09/10 OR . Black Ops 2, released 11/13/12 Black Ops or Black Ops 2: Which One Calls You to nus thesis, Duty? Are you the dissertation kind of video game player that likes war games and zombies? Activision has produced several Call of Duty games. Nus Thesis. Two of the to a analysis most popular among them are Black Ops and nus thesis Black Ops II. They are both war games and they both have zombies. They have. Call of Duty , Difference , First-person shooter 983 Words | 3 Pages. Black Panther Habitat - Rainforest Animals An animal’s habitat is the place where its basic needs for food, water, shelter, and reproduction . Introduction Analysis. are met. Black panthers are adapted to living in a wide variety of habitats within their range. The black panther’s habitats include the nus thesis latex rainforest, marshland, woodlands, swamps, savannahs, and even mountains and deserts. One of the reasons that black panthers are able to a thesis of the cruel angel, live in such variety of habitats is that they can eat many types of animals.
Their. Big cat , Black panther , Cat 947 Words | 3 Pages. Black money is nus thesis latex hot topic of summary, common debate in the country now. This article explains in easily understandable way the various aspects of . black money, starting with defining black money, generation of nus thesis latex, black money, how black money is washed and barn used as normal money, and need to tackle the black money menace, and other related aspects What does the term Black Money mean? Black money means,the money or income not declared for tax to the govt or relevant authorities, and hence the tax for. Economics , Foreign exchange reserves , Government 1316 Words | 4 Pages. Universidad de Puerto Rico Recinto de Rio Piedras Facultad de Administracion de Empresas Departamento de Gerencia BLACK amp; DECKER . CORPORATION DIVISION DE HERRAMIENTAS MECANICAS Black amp; Decker Black amp; Decker es una compania fundada en 1910 en Towson, Maryland por Duncan Black y Alonzo Becker. En el 1990, Black amp; Decker era el productor mas grande de herramientas mecanicas, accesorios para herramientas mecanicas, herramientas electricas de jardin y productos de ferreteria. 857 Words | 3 Pages. Black Panther Party Take Away Points * Late 1960s counter culture and how the Black Panther Party reflected the change from nus thesis . Nus Thesis. nonviolence to violence of the nus thesis latex culture * What was the nus thesis Black Panther Party? * Be able to identify who the nus thesis latex two founders were * Identify the aims of the Black Panther Party * What were some actions taken by the Black Panther Party? * Black Panther Party Then amp; Now * Were they successful?
Civil Rights Movement/ Counter Culture * Aims . African American , Black Panther Party , Black people 1127 Words | 5 Pages. ?Amanda Gutierrez Professor Andrea Barclay English 60 11 February 2015 Black Friday Black Friday, because only in America people . trample each other for sales exactly one day after being thankful for what they already have. For most people it’s the most anticipated day of the year. It’s the day people are still recovering from their Thanksgiving feasts and maybe even still a little drunk. Black Friday kick starts everyone’s Christmas shopping. Shoppers all over America line up days even weeks ahead. Nus Thesis. Black Friday , Friday , Friday the 13th 858 Words | 3 Pages. Black Holes Black holes intrigue many. They consist of a great amount of matter smashed into a small area. There are actually . two types of black holes: stellar black holes and massive black holes. Stellar black holes have masses up to ten times the mass of the sun and massive black holes have masses up to a billion times the mass of the latex sun.
Black holes are something that makes one wonder what else is really out there in the universe. Massive black holes are more popular than stellar black holes. Black hole , Dark matter , Galaxy 1125 Words | 3 Pages. accomplish any of the three goals, but it was especially lacking in its attempts to make Blacks and whites equal and was a time of intense . discrimination toward Blacks . In 1865, at the end of the Civil War, the South was destroyed. Plantations were demolished, the nus thesis economy was ruined, the labor system was shattered, and several million slaves were now free laborers. South Carolina looked like a broad black streak of ruin and desolation (Unger 414). In the Shenandoah Valley hardly any farm animals. Nus Thesis. Black people , Freedman , Jim Crow laws 2503 Words | 7 Pages.
INTO A BLACK HOLE INTRODUCTION: According to a mind-bending new theory, a black hole is actually a tunnel between universes—a . type of wormhole. Fcat. The matter the black hole attracts doesn't collapse into a single point, as has been predicted, but rather gushes out a white hole at nus thesis latex, the other end of the black one, the theory goes. In a recent paper published in cruel the journal Physics Letters B, Indiana University physicist Nikodem Poplawski presents new mathematical models of the spiralling motion of. Big Bang , Black hole , Dark matter 1811 Words | 5 Pages. during apartheid being black meant you lost out in many privileges it also showed how black people where oppressed.
In this poem . we see that Mbongeni Khumalo uses the word black in latex connection to all the bad things. Nus Thesis Latex. He highlights that there is this darkness associated with the colour black and that in the 1960’s when someone called you a black person it showed nothing good and that no one should be proud of being black . He also looks at all the words that start with “ black ” and if one looks deep into. Black people , Blackness , Linguistics 1028 Words | 3 Pages. Black Supremacy Throughout history, white anglo-saxons have been notorious for mistreating all races other than it's own. Malcolm X felt . the white man had been actually nothing but a piratical opportunist who used Faustian machinations to make his own Christianity his initial wedge in criminal conquests(563). The earth is burdened by the white man! That is the true meaning of nus thesis, what Malcolm X is fcat dissertation stating; the words Faustian machinations, meaning evil plotting, implies the whole white population.
African American , Afrocentrism , Black people 1346 Words | 4 Pages. Black Friday Black Friday The Friday after Thanksgiving marks the start of the holiday shopping season. Sometime in nus thesis the . 1970’s it was christened “ Black Friday. Some say the a thesis of the cruel name refers to the heavy traffic and chaos in the stores. Others contend it is the busiest shopping day of the year and nus thesis ensures profitability for retailers, putting them in the black . Without question it is a dangerous day to go shopping. All the to a self essay big stores promise huge, super-fantastic sales. Nus Thesis Latex. Many open their doors at 5 am. Gmat Essay Practice Test. Black Friday , Christmas , Christmas and holiday season 1061 Words | 3 Pages. help in nus thesis latex thinking through the implications of each case, and in preparing “Case Insights.” Each team should turn in at fcat dissertation, least 4 Case Insights – if more are . submitted, the nus thesis latex best 4 grades will be selected as part of your final grade (40%) Case 1: ( Saturday , 9/22/12) Harley-Davidson – “The Posse Ride” Harvard Business School Case No. 9-501-015.
A neat first case on how a powerhouse brand uses “community” and community events to of the cruel angel, build relationships with its customers, and nus thesis powerful brand loyalty. Brand , Brand equity , Brand management 933 Words | 4 Pages. vast, intriguing movement blossomed out dissertation of the Civil Rights Movement nicknamed “ Black power” until full categorized as the Black . Power Movement. Stokely Carmichael, former leader of the SNCC (Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee) introduced the nus thesis term “ black power” in a rally in Mississippi. The movement itself tied its roots from the philosophy of the UNA, which was developed by Marcus Garvey. One can infer the abelard essay Black Power Movement, was a positive movement because it came out latex of the Civil Rights. Essay. African American , Black Panther Party , Black people 941 Words | 3 Pages.
RESILANCEY IN BLACK WOMAN The act of resistance and latex defiance is one of the most used human reactions that we as Americans often use this . to express ourselves in a thesis cruel angel society today. Latex. These reactions are also used when some one fee3ls that they are being treated unfairly or in an unjust manner. America is supposed to be a land of of the cruel, equal value and opportunity when it comes to latex, being human. Gmat. Obviously this is not the nus thesis latex way that things are in society today but things were a lot worse off not so long ago. From.
African American , Black people , Slavery 1137 Words | 3 Pages. Background Research Source One: http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/black_death_of_1348_to_1350.htm Notes: ? The Black Death . started in 1348 ? The Black Death was also known as ‘The Bubonic Plague’ ? The Black Death had a major effect on England’s social structure which lead to the ‘Peasant’s Revolt’ ? The Black Death was spread by flees on rats ? The Bubonic plague spread quickly because all the people walked in the streets, packed together and none of. Black Death , Bubonic plague , Infectious disease 617 Words | 3 Pages. Fcat. Introduction The Black Decker Manufacturing Company was founded in 1910 by Duncan Black and Alonzo Decker. Nus Thesis Latex. The company only . Fcat Dissertation. manufactured milk cap machines and candy diapers until 1916. In 1916 the company introduced the first power tool, a portable half-inch electric drill. Throughout the next forty (40) years, Black Decker became the leader in the power tools and power tool accessories industry. In the 1980s the company started inquiring other companies, such as Emhart Corporation and General.
Black Decker , Corporation , Manufacturing 748 Words | 3 Pages. segment. It is also clear from the tests performed by Black Decker that their products were at comparable, or even better at some cases, . Nus Thesis Latex. quality. Branded as Home Tools: It appears that professional-tradesmen did not want to use the same tools that housewives used at homes ( Black Decker). Tradesmen viewed Black Decker tools more for home use than being subjected to demands of the job site. This was a perception issue that was hurting Black Decker big way. Analysis Essay. Distribution Channel: It is nus thesis also. Brand , Brand architecture , Brand management 1303 Words | 5 Pages. The black lung movement was a movement formed in the late 1960’s in which the miners fought for of the angel the health benefits to nus thesis latex, cover . black lung disease. Black lung is directly caused by mining and working with coal.
Mildred Mullins wrote this poem and dissertation hung it on the coffin of her dead husband in the Capital to display what was going on, “Compensation we are asking, While alive and still gasping; When life is o’er and hymns are sung, Then they’ll know we have black lung.( “Charleston Gazette” 15)” The miners. Anthracite , Coal , Coal mining 2559 Words | 6 Pages. effective and helping as the nus thesis latex extended family has been, its starting to be appreciated less throughout the Black family. This is starting to . happen mainly because Blacks are moving from areas that they were raised for a thesis practically their whole lives. They move to nus thesis latex, places where there aren't any friends or relatives in dissertation the immediate neighborhoods of communities. Another reason is that the attitudes of the Black youth toward the elders have changed (Staples, 1994).
Younger adults are not as responsive to the wisdom. Nus Thesis. African American , Afro-Latin American , Black people 1436 Words | 4 Pages. Ryan Fagan U.S. History Honors Bushong 4/27/12 How did the Black Codes prevent the immediate integration of the freed black . Faulkner. men into society? Written pages: 5 The Civil War caused many issues for latex American Society, from the physical separation of the southern states, to the issue of ending slavery, being the most well known, and for good reason. While the fcat north wanted the latex slaves to of the cruel angel, be free, the south did not, which obviously caused Problems. This topic of nus thesis latex, free vs. slavery did not begin after. American Civil War , Confederate States of America , Origins of the American Civil War 950 Words | 3 Pages. Nus Thesis Latex. either negotiated, broken-through or redefined this line and by doing so, have trampled fixed and absolute notions of blackness and latex black . identity.
Black nationalism/seperation came about as a belief that blacks would never be accepted as anything other than second class citizens and destined to remain under the exploitation of white power structure. Burning Faulkner. In order for blacks to attain complete freedom in latex a society where they were unwanted, they had to stop pleading for acceptance into white institutions. African American , African diaspora , Black people 2323 Words | 7 Pages. The Black Panthers [also known as] (The Black Panther Party for introduction to a self essay Self Defense) was a Black Nationalist organization . in the United States that formed in nus thesis the late 1960s and became nationally renowned. (Wikipedia:The Free Encyclopedia, 1997). The Black Panther Party was founded in 1966 by party members Huey P. Newton and Bobby Seale in the city of Oakland, California. The party was established to help further the nus thesis movement for African American liberation, which was growing rapidly throughout the sixties. Black Panther Party , Bobby Seale , COINTELPRO 1465 Words | 4 Pages.
Explain the key features of the Black Death (1300s) and its impact upon Europe The Black Death (or bubonic plague) had an . enormous impact upon Europe in the 1300’s. Some of the key features of the Black Death include the origins and spread of the disease around Europe, symptoms and treatments, medieval ideas about what caused it and social, economic and political effects of the Black Death. Latex. The origin of the Black Death and how it spread were key features on its significant impact on Europe. Black Death , Bubonic plague , Middle Ages 1614 Words | 4 Pages. The Black Death was one of the worst pandemics in human history. In the burning 14th century, at nus thesis, least 75 million people on a thesis of the, three continents perished . due to the painful, highly contagious disease. Nus Thesis. Originating from fleas on rodents in burning China, the “Great Pestilence” spread westward and spared few regions. In Europe’s cities, hundreds died daily and their bodies were usually thrown into mass graves. The plague devastated towns, rural communities, families, and religious institutions. Following centuries of a. Black Death , Bubonic plague , Flea 990 Words | 4 Pages.
Disasters quiz 1. Latex. What and when is black Friday? • Black Friday is 2. What type of flu killed almost three thousand . people in Britain in 1970? • 3. What was the fcat Greycliffe disaster? • The Greycliffe disaster occurred in nus thesis latex Sydney Harbour 1927 when the harbour ferry Greycliffe and the Union steamship company mail streamer collided. 4. At which Scottish football ground did 66 people die when a barrier collapsed in fcat dissertation 1971? • It occurred in the Liverpool game against Celtic. 1906 San Francisco earthquake , Disaster , Earthquake 639 Words | 4 Pages.
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Section 1. Planning and Writing an Annual Budget. The Tool Box needs your help. to remain available. Your contribution can help change lives. Seeking supports for evaluation? The Tool Box needs your help. to remain available. Your contribution can help change lives. Seeking supports for evaluation?
What are the elements of an annual budget? Why should you prepare an annual budget? Planning and gathering information to create a budget. Putting it all together: Creating and working with a budget document. What are the elements of an annual budget? It can be daunting to start the process of nus thesis creating a budget, especially if you're not familiar with some of the common accounting and to a analysis essay budget terminology you will encounter, so we have provided a glossary of terms covered here, located toward the bottom of the page under the In Summary section of the page.
It is important for organizations to nus thesis latex, create accurate and barn burning faulkner summary up-to-date annual budgets in order to latex, maintain control over their finances, and to show funders exactly how their money is barn burning faulkner, being used. How specific and complex the actual budget document needs to be depends on how large the budget is, how many funders you have and what their requirements are, how many different programs or activities you're using the money for, etc. Latex? At some level, however, your budget will need to include the following: Projected expenses . The amount of money you expect to spend in the coming fiscal year , broken down into the categories you expect to spend it in - salaries, office expenses, etc. Fiscal year simply means financial year , and is the calendar you use to figure your yearly budget, and which determines when you file tax forms, get audited, and close your books. There are many different fiscal years you can use. Abelard And Heloise Essay Questions? Businesses often use the nus thesis latex, calendar year -- January 1 to December 31.
The federal government's fiscal year runs from October 1 to September 30. State governments -- and therefore state agencies and many community-based and non-profit organizations that receive state funding - usually use July 1 to a thesis of the cruel angel, June 30. Most organizations adopt a fiscal year that fits with that of their major funders. You'll want to prepare your budget specifically to cover your fiscal year, and to have it ready before the fiscal year begins. In many organizations, the Board of Directors needs to latex, approve a budget before the beginning of the to a analysis essay, fiscal year in order for the organization to operate. Projected income . The amount of latex money you expect to take in for the coming fiscal year, broken down by sources -- i.e. the amount you expect from each funding source, including not only grants and barn faulkner summary contracts, but also your own fundraising efforts, memberships, and sales of goods or services. The interaction of nus thesis latex expenses and income . Introduction To A Self? What gets funded from which sources? In many cases, this is a condition of the funding: a funder agrees to provide money for nus thesis latex a specific position, for instance, or for particular activities or items. If funding comes with restrictions, it's important to build those restrictions into cruel angel your budget, so that you can make sure to spend the money as you've told the funder you would. Adjustments to reflect reality as the year goes on . Your budget will likely begin with estimates, and as the year progresses, those estimates need to be adjusted to be as accurate as possible to keep track of what's really happening. Why should you prepare an annual budget?
It sharpens your understanding of your goals It gives you the real picture - by accurately showing you what you can afford and where the gaps in funding are, your budget allows you to nus thesis latex, plan beforehand to introduction self analysis, meet needs, and to decide what you're actually able to do in a given year It encourages effective ways of dealing with money issues - by latex, showing you what you can't afford with known income, a budget can motivate you to fcat dissertation, be creative - and successful - in seeking out other sources of nus thesis latex funding It fills the need for required information - the completed budget is introduction analysis, a necessary element of funding proposals and reports to nus thesis, funders and the community It facilitates discussion of the self analysis, financial realities of the organization It helps you avoid surprises and maintain fiscal control. It's important to nus thesis, note that not everyone has the skills or desire to create and manage a budget single handed. Fortunately, there's help available, both within the organization (by hiring a bookkeeper, accountant, or CFO) and elsewhere. There are organizations like SCORE (Service Corps of abelard essay questions Retired Executives) that exist to assist with things like budgeting. Local universities or government agencies may maintain offices that help small businesses and non-profits with financial planning. The possibility of an accounting or similar position shared with or loaned by another organization may also exist. Planning and latex gathering information to create a budget. The preliminaries: What will you need to spend money on a thesis angel, next fiscal year?
It is important to know what the latex, priorities are and what makes the most sense for the organization at its particular stage of development. And Heloise Questions? Actually figuring out what you should be spending your money on involves an organization-wide planning process. What are the nus thesis, activities or programs that will do the most to advance your cause and mission, and abelard that you think you can carry out with the income and resources you know you have or can foresee? How many staff positions will it take to run those activities or programs well? How much, how (hourly wages, salary, consultant fees, benefits), and latex from what sources will those staff members be compensated? What else will be needed to run the organization and its activities -- space, supplies, equipment, phone and fcat utilities, insurance, transportation, etc.?
Estimating expenses: What will it all cost? Step 1: Develop ways of estimating your expenses. Estimate your expenses for the coming fiscal year. In some cases -- yearly rent, or salaries, for instance -- you'll probably have real figures for what these expenses will be. In other cases -- telephone and utilities, etc. -- you'll have to nus thesis latex, estimate of an average monthly cost. Be sure to add in some money in a miscellaneous category, in order to dissertation, be prepared for the unexpected. There are always expenses you don't anticipate, and nus thesis it is part of conservative estimation to make allowances for them. Conservative estimation : When preparing a budget, try to be as accurate as possible. Always use actual figures if you have them, and when you don't, estimate conservatively for both expenses and income. When you estimate expenses, guess high -- take your highest monthly phone bill and multiply by 12, for barn burning summary instance, rather than taking an average.
By the nus thesis, same token, when you're estimating income, guess low -- the smallest number realistically possible. Estimating conservatively when you plan your budget will make it more likely that you stay within it over the course of the summary, year. Step 2: List the latex, estimated yearly expense totals of the absolute necessities of the organization. For most organizations, they include, but aren't necessarily limited to: Salaries or wages for all employees, listed separately by position Fringe benefits for all employees, also broken out by position. Remember that even if you have no formal fringe benefits, you still have to pay part of the Social Security and Medicare taxes, as well as Workers' Compensation and barn burning Unemployment Insurance, for any regular employees (people who work a fixed schedule). These costs can be considerable, amounting to latex, 12 to 15% added on self, to your total payroll. Latex? Rent and/or mortgage payments for the organization's space Utilities (heat, electricity, gas, water) Phone service Internet provider or server costs, depending on your organization's needs Insurance (liability, fire and nus thesis theft, etc.) Step 3: List the estimated expenses for things you'll need to actually conduct the activities of the organization.
Program and latex office supplies: pencils, paper, software, educational material, post-it-notes, etc. Program and office equipment. Wherever you classify computers and peripherals, copiers, faxes, etc., be sure to barn faulkner, figure in the annual estimated costs of repairs or service contracts in addition to purchase or lease costs. For budgeting purposes , it may be useful to separate program supplies and nus thesis latex equipment from office supplies and equipment. In the a thesis cruel angel, case of state and federal funding, at least some office expenses are often considered administrative, and funding for administrative expenses may be limited, sometimes to as little as 5% of latex your budget.
Step 4: List estimated expenses for anything else the organization is to a analysis, obligated to pay or can't do without. Loan payments Consultant services - these may include an annual audit, accounting or bookkeeping services, payments to other organizations for specific services, etc. Most non-profit organizations are required , either by funders or by the IRS, to undergo an audit every year. This means that a CPA (Certified Public Accountant) must check the organization's financial records to make sure they are accurate, and work with the nus thesis, organization to nus thesis, correct any errors or solve problems. If there is nus thesis, nothing illegal or seriously wrong, the CPA then prepares financial statements using the organization's books, and certifies that the organization follows acceptable accounting practices and a thesis of the angel that its financial records are in order. The larger an organization's budget, the nus thesis latex, more complicated an audit is likely to be, the more time it is likely to take, and the more it is burning faulkner, likely to cost. An audit of a $100,000 budget might cost $2,000 to $4,000, for nus thesis latex instance; that of a $1 million budget might cost $15,000. Printing and copying, if not done within the abelard and heloise essay, organization Transportation: travel expense for staff, participants, and/or volunteers; and vehicle upkeep and expenses for any organization-owned vehicles Postage and other mailing expenses. Now that you've gathered your necessary expenses, you can take a look at your wish list.
Step 5: List estimated expenses for things which you aren't sure you can afford, but would like to do. These might include staff positions, new programs (including staff, supplies, space), equipment, etc. Step 6: Add up all the expense items you have listed. This total is what you would like to spend to run your organization. In other words, it's your projected expense for latex the coming fiscal year. Estimating Income: Where are we going to essay practice, get all that money? Use last year's figures, if you have them, as a baseline and estimate conservatively, rather than being overly optimistic, and laying yourself open to disappointment and worse. Step 1: List all actual figures or estimates for what you can expect from your known funding sources. This includes sources that have already promised you money for the coming year, or that have regularly funded you in nus thesis latex, the past. These may include federal, state or local government agencies; private and community foundations; United Way; religious organizations; corporations or other private entities. Step 2: If your organization fundraising, estimate the self analysis essay, amount you'll raise in nus thesis, the next fiscal year.
Fundraising efforts might include community events (a raffle, a bowl-a-thon), more ambitious events (a benefit concert by a world-class performer), media advertising, or phone or mail solicitation. Step 3: If you charge fees or sell services, estimate the amount you'll take in from these activities. This could be consulting services your organization offers, training materials that you created that can be sold to others interested in the same work, etc. Step 4: If you solicit members who pay yearly dues or fees, estimate the nus thesis latex, amount that membership will yield. Step 5: If you sell items, estimate what these sales will bring in. This could include pins, T-shirts, books, blood pressure cuffs, etc. Step 6: If you sublet or rent space to others, record the nus thesis, estimate of what this will bring in.
Step 7: If you have any income from investments, estimate what you'll realize from these. This could include investments, endowment income, annuities, or interest income (e.g., from a certificate of essay deposit, or from a Money Market or checking account) Step 8: List and estimate the amounts from any other sources that are expected to nus thesis, bring in some income in latex, the coming fiscal year. Step 9: Add up all the income items you have listed. This total is the latex, money you have to work with, your projected income for the next fiscal year. Putting it all together: Creating and working with a budget document.
Analyzing and adjusting the summary, budget. Step 1: Lay out your figures in a useful format. If your budget is nus thesis, going to be useful, it has to be organized in such a way that it can tell you exactly how much you have available to spend in each expense category. The easiest way to do this is by using a grid, usually called a spreadsheet. In its simplest terms, a spreadsheet will have a list of funding sources along its top edge and a list of expense categories running down its left-hand edge, so that each vertical column represents a funding source, and each horizontal row represents an expense category. Introduction Analysis Essay? Where each column and row meet (this meeting place is called a cell), there should be a number representing the amount of money from that particular funding source (the column) that goes to that particular expense category (the row). A simple spreadsheet for a small organization might look like this: Spreadsheet: United Consolidated Metropolitan Health Agency (UCMHA) A spreadsheet format allows you to assign restricted funds to the proper categories, so that you can see how much money is actually available to you for any given expense category.
In the above example, if the Department of latex Public Health says that no more than $18,000 of its grant can be spent on essay, salaries and nus thesis latex fringe, for instance, then you know that you have to find the rest of the $49,200 total in those categories from other sources. Step 2: Compare your total expenses to your total income. If your projected expenses and income are approximately equal then your budget is balanced . If your projected expenses are significantly less than your projected income, you have a budget surplus . This circumstance leaves you with the possibility of expanding or improving the organization, or of putting money away for when you need it. If your projected expenses are significantly greater than your projected income, you have a budget deficit . In this case, you'll either have to find more money or cut expenses in order to run your organization in the coming year. Step 3: (For balanced budgets) Make sure you are able to nus thesis, use your money as planned. If you've filled in the numbers in accordance with your funding restrictions, your spreadsheet should immediately let you know whether you have enough in each of nus thesis latex your expense categories. If there is to a analysis essay, a problem, there are several ways of addressing it. It may be possible to nus thesis, come to an arrangement with the latex, funder that allows you to use the money in the ways that you'd like to, or that allows you more freedom You may be able to nus thesis, reassign some expenses from one category to another. To A? If you don't have enough money to latex, pay an Assistant Director, for example, it may make sense to dissertation, make her the coordinator of a particular program, and to pay part of her salary out of the funds allotted to that program.
In some cases, it might be necessary to rethink your priorities a bit, so that the nus thesis, money can be spent in accordance with funding restrictions. It's important to remember, however, that the mission, philosophy, and goals of abelard your organization should drive its funding, and latex not the other way around. Creating a program simply to gmat practice, make use of available funding is usually a bad idea, unless the program is one you've already planned for, and will clearly fit in with and advance the mission of your organization. Step 4: (For budget surpluses) Be aware that it may not show up as cash until the end of the coming fiscal year. The most conservative course is to try to stick to nus thesis, your budget, and invest the excess money at the end of the of the cruel angel, year. Nus Thesis Latex? This will give you something to draw on in emergencies, or money you can use in the future for something that the organization really wants or needs to do. Invest here doesn't necessarily mean putting money in the stock market, which usually doesn't make sense unless you have a lot of money, and you're willing to stay with it for a long period of time - ten years or more. Certificates of fcat Deposit, which give high interest rates in return for keeping money in the bank for a set period (generally, you can choose a period of from six months to five years), or Money Market accounts, which give a high interest rate in return for nus thesis keeping a large balance, are easy ways for an organization to fcat, earn interest on its money, while still keeping it available for emergencies. You can use your surplus to improve working conditions within the nus thesis, organization: raise salaries, add a benefit package, etc.
It is important to remember that once you've instituted this type of of the cruel angel change, you're obligated to maintain it. Nus Thesis? You can buy items that you haven't been able to fcat, afford previously You can consider adding positions or starting a whole new program or initiative, perhaps one you've been planning for a long time. If you're starting a new program, you're also implicitly making a commitment to latex, maintaining it for a period of years, so that it will have enough time to be successful. Faulkner Summary? You can think about a long-term capital investment, like buying a building. You could lock in your rent for the duration of the mortgage (probably 20 years), and you might be able to nus thesis, provide the organization with income as well, by renting part of the building to other organizations. Your surplus may not be large enough to enable your organization to make significant changes on its own, but it may provide the latex, means for you to enter into a collaboration with other organizations to achieve a goal that none could have accomplished alone. Step 5: (For budget deficits) Consider combining several or all of the following possibilities to make your budget work. If you have enough money in the bank or in investments from nus thesis latex prior years, you can use it to make up the gap in your budget You can try to raise the additional money you need through grantwriting, fundraising efforts and events, increasing your fees for service, etc. If you have a plan for raising money - such as a raffle to finance a new copier - it should be listed with your estimated income. But be aware that such a projection isn't real money until the financial goal it represents is actually reached. You can explore saving some money by collaborating with another organization to share the costs of services, personnel, or materials and equipment You can try to cut expenses by reducing some of barn burning your costs: use less electricity, use recycled paper, try to get donations of some items you planned to buy, etc.
You can cut expenses by nus thesis, eliminating some things from your budget. A Guide for Budget Cutting. If you're going to abelard and heloise essay questions, cut your budget, it's a good idea to have a rational system for doing so. Here is a suggested step-by-step process which allows you to look at what is more and less necessary, and to make considered decisions about what you can do without and what you can't. Look first at those items that aren't essential to the running of the organization. Can you cut or cut down the amount of nus thesis latex physical, tangible items you need to cruel, run the program, or cut the cost of services in some way? Finally, if nothing else will serve to balance the budget, you may have to consider cutting back on whatever it is the organization does, which usually translates to dealing with the positions of paid staff.
Reduce the hours of one or more staff, if people are on hourly wages - for instance, consider reducing the work week from 40 to nus thesis, 37.5 hours, or even further Reduce one or more positions from full to half time - keep in mind that in many organizations, this reduction would eliminate benefits for barn faulkner summary those affected Ask staff to pay a larger share of nus thesis latex their fringe benefits (if there are fringe benefits) Lay off one or more staff members. You can borrow the money you need, being sure to add the loan payments to your projected expenses and figure them into to a self analysis your revised budget. Creating an actual budget document. While the nus thesis, spreadsheet is probably what you'll use to keep track of angel your finances, you might also want to latex, put the budget in fcat dissertation, a form everyone in the organization can understand. Probably the simplest budget document is one which lists projected expenses by category and nus thesis latex projected income by source, with totals for each. Fcat Dissertation? Thus, anyone can see how much you intend to nus thesis latex, spend, how much you intend to take in, and what the difference is, if any.
Referring back to the spreadsheet example above, a simple budget would look like this: UCMHA Annual Budget for Fiscal 2001 (July 1, 2000 to June 30, 2001) Another possible form would be similar, but would include a budget narrative, explaining how various items were arrived at. The salary item, for instance, might look like this: Director ($17.00/hr for 20 hrs / week, for 52 weeks) Health Educator ($14.95/hr for 30 hrs / week, for 52 weeks) Other categories would be handled in the same way, with explanations of what they included and how the money would be spent.
A final possibility would be to use the spreadsheet itself as a budget document, for those who wanted to see exactly how the money was to be allocated. Many organizations provide their Boards with both a simple budget and a spreadsheet, so that those Board members who are eager to understand the organization's finances can get a clear picture, while others can simply see whether the budget is in balance. Most organizations make sure to cruel, review their budgets on a regular schedule - once a month is usually reasonable - and nus thesis latex revise them to keep them accurate. If you get a grant you didn't anticipate, or if your spending estimates are off, these things should be figured into questions the budget. The budget becomes the basis for financial documents that you might prepare during the course of the nus thesis latex, year (balance sheets, for instance) which give an latex up-to-the-minute picture of the financial status of the organization. Tell you if there are still any gaps in nus thesis, funding, and exactly where they are Show you exactly what you need to dissertation, do to close those gaps Make it possible to keep careful track of your money, to nus thesis, adjust to changes, and not to overspend. Devising a budget process that examines the organization's priorities, and using it to produce an accurate, balanced budget for the coming fiscal year will help you keep control of the introduction analysis, organization's finances, and will help guide the work of the organization. A rational and accurate budget will allow you to give accurate reports to funders and to spend their money as you have promised. Nus Thesis? And it will give you clear guidelines about gmat what you can spend and when.
This glossary covers some of the nus thesis, basic accounting terminology used in the section. Accounting: The method by a thesis of the cruel, which one keeps track of and manages money. There are various accounting systems that an latex organization can use, but the barn, goals of all of them are to nus thesis latex, assure accurate records, and to give the a thesis of the cruel, organization the ability to know exactly how its money is being spent and latex how its financial position compares to its budget at any given moment. Audit: A CPA (Certified Public Accountant) checks the burning faulkner summary, organization's financial records to make sure they are accurate, and works with the organization to correct any errors or solve problems. The CPA then prepares financial statements using the organization's books, and nus thesis latex either certifies that the organization follows acceptable accounting practices and that its financial records are in order, or explains any problems with the a thesis cruel angel, financial records and suggests corrective measures. Balanced Budget: Projected expenses and projected income are approximately equal. Budget Deficit: Projected expenses are significantly greater than projected income. Budget Surplus: Projected income is significantly greater than projected expenses. Conservative Estimation: Using the highest reasonable figures when estimating expenses and the lowest reasonable figures when estimating income, so you will be more likely to create a budget that will keep you from latex overspending. CPA: Certified Public Accountant. A certified audit, which is what most funders require, must be conducted by gmat essay practice test, a CPA.
Fiscal Year: This term means financial year, and latex is the calendar which you use to figure your yearly budget (July 1 to June 30, for example) and which determines when you file tax forms, get audited, and close your books. Fund Accounting: The practice of keeping a separate record of the expenditures for each separate grant or contract administered by barn burning faulkner, an organization. Latex? Thus, a grass roots AIDS prevention initiative might keep separate records for funds they receive from the Department of Health, the Department of fcat Social Services, the latex, Department of Welfare, a local community foundation, and the AIDS Action Committee. Line-Item: An expense category (salaries, telephone, office supplies). Line-Item Budget: Generally, a budget agreed upon with a funder that specifies how much of the funder's money will be spent on each line-item. A Thesis Of The Cruel Angel? It could also refer to any budget that is broken out by line-item. Projected expenses: The amount of money you expect to spend in the coming fiscal year, broken down into the categories you expect to spend it in -- salaries, office expenses, etc. Projected income: The amount of money you know or can reasonably expect to take in for latex the coming fiscal year, broken down by sources -- i.e. the dissertation, amount you expect from each funding source, including not only latex, grants and abelard and heloise essay contracts, but also your own fundraising efforts, memberships, interest and investment income, and nus thesis sales of and heloise questions or fees for goods or services. Spreadsheet: A grid format for setting out a budget in order to see expenses, income, and the ways they interact all in one place. In a budget spreadsheet, each vertical column represents a funding source, and each horizontal row represents an expense category.
In the latex, space where a column and row meet (called a cell) a number represents the test, amount of nus thesis money from that column's funding source spent on that row's expense category. Alliance for nus thesis Nonprofit Management is reasonably useful, and has a section which gives the answers to many frequently asked questions (FAQs) about non-profit finances. Idealist links to latex, services, resources, etc. for non-profits. Lots of good stuff here on budgeting and other issues. The Non-Profit Genie links to resources for non-profits -- a good site, although not always easy to a thesis of the cruel angel, navigate.
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Body paragraphs should be 5-7 sentences long and start with a topic sentence. Nus Thesis Latex? Always introduce your quotes and avoid “dropping them” without context. Finish with a conclusion that recaps each main point and make sure not to introduce any new information. Essay References and Final Review. Finally, construct your works cited page using the right citation style guide. Depending on the format, you may also need a title page. To A Analysis Essay? Review your final essay by reading it out loud and nus thesis, make sure you addressed your original instructions! You should use EasyBib to quickly build citations in almost any format. Have a friend, teacher or trusted essay editing service review your final draft to make sure it is latex done properly (if you didn't already buy an essay). References and Considerations Before Buying an Essay. While the previous section described summarized steps towards writing an essay, consider going through our extended 14-Step Essay Writing Guide for a more thorough look at each section.
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8 Things You Should Know About Al Capone. There's more than meets the eye to Al Capone, the Prohibition-era leader of organized crime in Chicago. Nus Thesis. 8 Things You Should Know About Al Capone. Questions. 8 Things You Should Know About Al Capone. October 06, 2017. During America’s Prohibition era, Al Capone headed a Chicago-based crime empire that raked in millions of dollars each year through bootlegging, gambling and other illicit activities. Check out eight surprising facts about the notorious mob boss. Latex. Capone was in a street gang as a child. Born on January 17, 1899, in Brooklyn, New York, Alphonse Capone was the fourth of nine children.
His parents, Gabriele, a barber, and Teresa Capone, were immigrants from barn, Angri, Italy. Capone belonged to a street gang as a boy and dropped out of school in sixth grade, later joining the Five Points Gang in Manhattan and working as a bouncer and bartender at the Harvard Inn, a Coney Island bar owned by mobster Frankie Yale. In 1918, he married Mae Coughlin; the couple remained together until Capone’s death and had one child, Sonny. By 1920, Capone had moved to Chicago. Some stories claim he went there out of a need to lay low after severely injuring a rival gang member in a fight, while other accounts say Capone was recruited to come to Chicago by Johnny Torrio, a former Brooklyn mobster then making his mark on organized crime in the Windy City.
In 1917, Capone’s face was slashed during a fight at the Harvard Inn, after he insulted a female patron and nus thesis latex, her brother retaliated, leaving him with three indelible scars. Capone would attempt to of the cruel shield the scarred side of his face in photographs, and tried to write them off as war wounds—although he never served in the military. After achieving prominence as a gangster, Capone was dubbed Scarface by latex the press, a nickname he intensely disliked. Criminal associates referred to the mob boss as the Big Fellow, while friends knew him as Snorky, a slang term that meant spiffy. Capone’s crime gang raked in as much as $100 million annually. After arriving in Chicago, Capone worked for Torrio, who was part of a criminal network headed by a man named Big Jim Colosimo. When Colosimo was killed (possibly as a hit ordered by barn Torrio and carried out by Capone’s former boss Frankie Yale), Torrio took over as boss and made Capone one of his key aides. In January 1925, Torrio was gunned down outside his Illinois home.
He survived the attack but left Chicago later that year, choosing 26-year-old Capone as his replacement. Capone expanded “the outfit,” as he referred to his underworld organization, and went on to become one of nus thesis latex America’s leading mobsters. By some estimates, his crime syndicate pulled in around $100 million a year, the a thesis of the, largest portion from latex, bootlegging, followed by gambling, prostitution, racketeering and other illicit activities. A flashy dresser who liked chatting with reporters and became an international celebrity, Capone didn’t apologize for the way he made his living. He claimed to be doing a “public service” for Chicagoans, stating: “Ninety percent of the abelard and heloise essay questions, people of Cook County drink and gamble and my offense has been to furnish them with those amusements.” He was never charged in connection with the St. Valentine’s Day Massacre.
On the morning of nus thesis February 14, 1929, seven men affiliated with the George “Bugs” Moran gang were shot to death while lined up against a wall inside a garage in Chicago’s Lincoln Park neighborhood. The victims included five of Moran’s criminal associates along with a mechanic who worked for introduction to a, him and an optometrist who hung around the group; Moran himself wasn’t there. The group of attackers consisted of at least four men, two of them dressed as police officers. The crime became known as the St. Nus Thesis Latex. Valentine’s Day Massacre and stunned the nation. Nus Thesis Latex. Authorities investigated a variety of theories and suspects to latex little avail. There eventually was ample public speculation that Capone, a Moran rival, had masterminded the murders (he was in Florida when they took place); however, he was never charged in the case, which went unsolved. Eliot Ness’s role in Capone’s downfall was exaggerated. Essay. Thanks to federal agent Ness’s best-selling memoir “The Untouchables,” which spawned a TV series and movie, he has been credited as the man who took down Capone. In fact, much of the nus thesis latex, memoir was embellished by abelard and heloise essay questions its co-author, Oscar Fraley. As a Prohibition agent, Ness and a small team of men raided illegal breweries and other places linked to Capone’s bootlegging operations around Chicago.
Because the agents supposedly refused to accept bribes, they were dubbed the Untouchables by the press. Although Ness’s work helped lead to Capone’s indictment for Prohibition violations, the government instead focused on nus thesis latex, prosecuting the mobster for abelard essay, tax evasion and his 1931 conviction on those charges is what sent him to prison. Ness went on to serve as Cleveland’s director of public safety and made an unsuccessful bid for nus thesis latex, mayor there in 1947. His later years were marred by heavy drinking and he died at his home in Coudersport, Pennsylvania, in 1957, the year “The Untouchables” was published. Capone was convicted for tax fraud but not murder. Although he controlled a criminal empire and ordered hits on a multitude of his enemies, Capone managed to questions avoid prosecution for years by paying off police and public officials and threatening witnesses. The mob boss finally was slapped with his first criminal conviction in May 1929, after he was arrested for carrying a concealed weapon in Philadelphia—at the time, he was on his way back to Chicago following a summit of organized-crime honchos in Atlantic City, New Jersey—and swiftly sentenced to a year in jail. He was freed in latex March 1930 and barn, a month later the Chicago Crime Commission released its first-ever list of the city’s worst criminals; Capone was named Public Enemy No. 1. Meanwhile, on orders from President Herbert Hoover to nail Capone, the federal government built a case against the crime boss for nus thesis latex, income-tax fraud, and in June 1931, he was indicted on charges of and heloise essay tax evasion.
Capone agreed to a plea deal that included a recommended prison sentence of nus thesis latex two-and-a-half years; however, the judge in the case refused to accept the deal. Capone withdrew his guilty plea and the case went to trial. At the latex, start of the highly publicized proceedings, the judge switched out the nus thesis, pool of prospective jurors after learning bribes had been offered in burning faulkner summary an effort to seat a Capone-friendly jury. In October 1931, the nus thesis, all-male jury (Illinois didn’t allow female jurors until 1939) found the gangster guilty of five charges (three felonies and introduction to a analysis essay, two misdemeanors) of the more than 20 counts against him. He was sentenced to 11 years behind bars and fined $50,000; it was the harshest sentence delivered for tax fraud up to that point. He was among the earliest federal prisoners at Alcatraz. In May 1932, 33-year-old Capone began his sentence for tax evasion at the U.S. penitentiary in Atlanta. Two years later, in August 1934, he and a group of fellow inmates were sent by nus thesis latex train to California then transported to the recently opened federal penitentiary on Alcatraz Island in San Francisco Bay. The maximum-security prison, intended to hold criminals who were especially violent or had other disciplinary problems, had received its first contingent of federal inmates earlier that August. Because Capone wasn’t a troublemaker while locked up in Atlanta, he likely was sent to Alcatraz as a way for the government to generate publicity for essay practice test, its tough, new facility. While at Alcatraz, Capone, who’d been diagnosed with syphilis during a medical exam at nus thesis latex the Atlanta penitentiary, started showing signs of the disease, including dementia.
As his condition worsened, prison doctors treated him with malaria injections in the hope that the fevers caused by malaria would wipe out the a thesis of the, syphilis. Instead, the treatment nearly proved fatal for Capone. In January 1939, he was released from Alcatraz and transferred to latex the Federal Correctional Institution at Terminal Island, near Los Angeles, to of the cruel angel serve his one-year misdemeanor sentence. Latex. Capone spent his final years out fcat, of the public spotlight. Capone was released from nus thesis latex, prison in November 1939 then underwent several months of treatment for syphilis at a Baltimore hospital. Nus Thesis. Afterward, the famous gangster spent much of his time out of the public spotlight, fishing and playing cards at the Palm Island, Florida, mansion he’d owned since 1928. In the 1940s, he became one of the first civilians to receive penicillin for syphilis, although it was too late to nus thesis cure him. In January 1947, the to a self, 48-year-old Capone suffered a stroke then came down with pneumonia; he died at his Florida home on January 25. Capone was buried at latex Chicago’s Mount Olivet Cemetery, near the graves of his father and barn burning faulkner, one of his brothers.
In 1950, the Capone family had the remains of the three men moved to Mount Carmel Cemetery in Hillside, Illinois. Get the nus thesis, latest History in the Headlines delivered straight to your inbox! You will soon receive an burning, activation email. Once you click on the link, you will be added to our list. If you do not receive this email, please contact us. Nus Thesis Latex. To ensure delivery to your inbox, add us to your address book.
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Get HISTORY at your fingertips. Sign up now for our weekly newsletter. Nus Thesis. Catch up on the week’s biggest stories with the History in the Headlines newsletter. Latex. You will soon receive an fcat dissertation, activation email. Once you click on latex, the link, you will be added to nus thesis our list. If you do not receive this email, please contact us. To ensure delivery to your inbox, add us to your address book. At this time we are unable to complete your subscription. Nus Thesis. This email address has been previously opted out from nus thesis, receiving any emails from A+E Networks.
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Reflective essay to discuss the nursing process and nus thesis latex, how it was applied in the clinical area in wh_0. Reflective Essay to Discuss the Nursing Process and how it was Applied in angel, the Clinical Area in latex, which I was Placed. This is gmat practice, a reflective essay to demonstrate the nursing process and how it was applied in. The clinical area in which I was placed. Atkinson et al (1983, p2) describes The. nursing process is nus thesis latex, a system of questions, planning the delivery of nursing care, consisting of nus thesis latex, four. steps: Assessment, Planning, Implementation and Evaluation. This is essay practice test, a client.
focused assignment; therefore I will choose a client whom I have participated in. providing nursing care for. I will discuss the nursing process, how it was applied and. the context in which it was done. I will use reflection to compare my findings to how. literature states it should be done. I plan to show an understanding of nus thesis latex, holistic care and. how it is used in each stage of the nursing process. Dissertation! Holistic care is an. approach to healthcare which treats the individual as a whole person in relation to. their needs (Hinchliff et al, 1998).
In order to maintain confidentiality I have provided my client with a pseudonym. I based this assignment on Mary, who is a 72 year old lady and suffers with. osteoarthritis which is a degenerative disorder in bone and nus thesis latex, cartilage (Hinchliff et al, 1996). She had fallen at home and introduction analysis, was presented at the Accident and Emergency. department by nus thesis, emergency services. After a short stay on Medical Assessment she. was transferred to fcat dissertation the unit for rehabilitation following her fall. I spent seven weeks.
on a large intermediate care ward. Latex! The ward is nurse led with very little medical. intervention. The NSF for Older People (2001 p.3) defines intermediate care to. provide integrated services to promote faster recovery from illness, prevent. unnecessary acute hospital admissions, support timely discharge and maximise. independent living. There is a great deal of input from a large team including. physiotherapists, occupational therapists, social workers as well as nurses. Initially an. assessment is made through Intermediate Care Assessment Team (ICAT) in dissertation, order to.
find whether clients meet criteria to be accepted on this particular unit. Its aim is to. provide a multi-agency, integrated service approach to meeting the needs of. vulnerable older people who have complex health and social care needs. Latex! ICAT.
follows up referrals from both acute and community settings and assessments are. made relating to clients physical, social and mental health. Clients on the unit will be. over 65 years and live within the trust area. Introduction To A Self Analysis! They will be medically fit for discharge. from acute settings, although must have needs which affect their activities of living. (AL’s). The unit uses Roper-Logan-Tierney’s (1996) ‘Activities of Living’ model as a. basis for assessing and identifying needs. Mosby’s Nurse’s Pocket Dictionary defines assessment as ‘An appraisal or judgement.
made about one particular situation or circumstances, A stage of the nursing process. involving the collection of information and data relating to patients and their. healthcare needs’ (Mosby 2002, p.31). Latex! Why do we assess? The purpose of. assessment is manifold but is essentially undertaken to identify risk and highlight.
problem areas in order to provide a platform for possible future intervention. (Hinchcliffe et al, 1998). After the decision was made by ICAT and latex, Mary came to the. ward, I participated in her admission process. As per trust policy I collected the. relevant data collection documents and produced Mary’s folder ensuring each.
document was in the correct order. My mentor and I referred to the client’s case notes. which contained past medical history, investigations and doctors notes etc. We. transferred information from recent documents, such as full name, date of birth, address and nus thesis latex, next of kin. Under supervision of nus thesis latex, my mentor I was instructed to gather. information by assessing Mary based on documents which made her personal file. Both myself and nus thesis latex, my mentor introduced ourselves to Mary who was sitting at her bed. side in nus thesis latex, a cubicle.
In an attempt to establish a therapeutic relationship with my client I. firstly orientated her with new surroundings such as visiting times, lounge, dining. areas. Involvement and latex, relationship with another is both necessary for the enactment. of orientation and barn burning, development of the therapeutic relationship (Glasser, 1965, cited by. Perry et al, 1991). Using an informal manner I went through each part of the. assessment. I used skills in observation, open ended questions and listening in nus thesis latex, an. attempt to retrieve as much information possible, particularly in Activities of Living.
This helped to build a composite picture of fcat, my client and allowed her to introduce. new facts that might be pertinent. The questions posed by assessing in the. individuality component of the model (such as how, how often, why and when) furnished information not only about the way in which the latex person carried out each. activity of living but also the knowledge and beliefs she held about it (Newton, 1991). I carried on assessing weight, nutrition, and physiological observations. Due to the. nature of the barn burning ward the new single assessment process has recently been introduced. DoH (2002a) states that single assessment will provide better and more efficient. access to cares services.
It will minimise duplication of assessments by agencies and. save older people from having to repeat their personal details and needs to a range of. professionals. On gathering individualised data, it then must be interpreted. The needs. identified were specifically related to mobility and pain, both of which affect AL’s. Strengths identified such as family support are also a valuable resource when.
proceeding through the next stage of the nursing process which is care planning. This stage of the nursing process is to nus thesis latex develop a plan of care and determine what. approach should be used to help with identified problems. During the planning phase, the nurse applies the skill of burning faulkner, problem solving and latex, decision making. Nus Thesis Latex! Setting priorities, writing goals and planning nursing actions also make up this phase (Atkinson et al, 1983). The ward held a care plan file, which held care plans for nus thesis a range of gmat essay practice, different.
problems. These could be used as a guide and had to be individualised relating to nus thesis each. specific client and their needs. On reflection, I felt this was a good idea, particularly. for myself as a student to nus thesis latex refer to, however it could present an latex, opportunity for introduction to a self analysis essay care. plans to become less individualised should they be used incorrectly, which. consequently, could have an adverse effect and defeat its objective. Archibald (2000) explains that Nursing models have been used to provide systematic care delivery. stemming from a desire to organise care coherently, enabling the plan of care to be. used and continued by others. Nus Thesis! He goes on to suggest that since the introduction of.
models, nursing practice has become more patient centred and holistic. Daws (1998) agrees that the nursing care plans play a vital role in promoting a holistic and. individualised approach to care delivery and gmat practice, providing an essential tool for. documenting needs and preferences. With reference to Mary, goals were set to. increase mobility, increase confidence in mobilising and to reduce pain caused by. osteoarthritis. Due to the nature of nus thesis latex, this ward care plans usually determine discharge. outcomes. Targets are set for a maximum rehabilitation period of self analysis, 28 days. Reasons for.
this are due to the fact that patients are not acutely ill and need very little medical. attention. Instead, they have a great deal of input from physiotherapists, occupational. therapists who work closely with clients both individually and in small groups. Newton (1996 p.29) states Goals of Nursing care must be realistic and achievable.
and reflect the patients goals for living, so they must be set in close partnership with. the patient and based on nus thesis, assessment of the individuals AL’s and on the nursing. knowledge associated with them. The care plan is initially implemented by burning faulkner, nursing. staff who will also take into account client centred outcomes. The easy care (single. assessment) document allows the client to say what they would like to achieve. All. key players will acknowledge care plans at some point, therefore they must have easy.
access to the information they need, laws and standards mandate that care plans be. specific, clear and legible (Alfaro-LeFevre, 1998). In order to keep Mary involved in. her care, goals were agreed with her. Nus Thesis! This is to ensure patient autonomy but also to. give Mary a clear picture of what will be expected of her during her rehabilitation. period. It was established that the goal set for pain was highly prioritised and dissertation, so. analgesia was reviewed by a doctor. This ensured Mary could proceed concentrating.
on client centred outcomes. The Oxford Dictionary for Nurses (1998, p.313) defines implementation as the stage. of the nursing process in which the patients individual care plan is nus thesis latex, utilized and. executed, in nus thesis, collaboration with other members of the healthcare team . Hand over. was a good source of information used in order to find whether the care being given is. right for the patient. The ward used pre written handover sheets which were kept.
updated by the ward clerk, this allowed more time to write important details in nus thesis, a short. space of introduction to a analysis, time. Sometimes nurses do not have enough time to read charts and look up. common problems during their shift. When you have time to nus thesis latex prepare for the shift, you. feel more confident, more competent and can begin giving care in a timely fashion. (Alfero-LeFevre, 1998). With reference to Mary care was continued to fcat be monitored. and assessed, this mostly happened via handovers but also from latex every patient. encounter. I would see this as an opportunity to assess both physical and mental.
health, I found that myself as a student could make a valuable contribution to nus thesis latex the care. being given. All care was documented and signed and nus thesis, Mary’s assessment/care plan. file was kept at the foot of the bed. All of the contents are legal documents and barn burning summary, can be. referred to latex by health professionals who participate in gmat practice test, the care being given but can also. be viewed by Mary and her family. DoH highlights this within the essence of care.
document (benchmarks for latex record keeping) (2001, p.3) stating that patients are able. to access all their current records if and when they choose to in a format that meets. their needs. It is safe to say that the test stages in the nursing process are not in complete. isolation from each other, I found from observing care given that each stage overlaps.
the next. Nus Thesis! It is at introduction essay, this stage that clear direction is given about what is to be done for the. client and by whom it should be done. Since the entire MDT was based in the same. unit, the communication was excellent. Latex! This ensured a timely advantage for patients. and for tasks to fcat be delegated to the correct healthcare professional. Handovers were.
essential tools in this phase as information could be exchanged between nursing staff. and the latex rest of the MDT, and further strengths and weaknesses could be highlighted. Tasks were allocated to each member of the team on specific days at specific times. The patient was also kept well informed of their care via a board in her room which. gave the days and essay test, times and nus thesis, activities to be held. All input from therapy staff was. documented by form of report and handed over to nurses on completion.
Weekly. MDT meetings were held, which allowed the team as a whole to discuss plans of nus thesis, care. At this point social workers are updated relating to their area of care and look into the. possibility of services post discharge. Mary was kept updated of this information. which can only nus thesis, be implemented on her consent. This is the final stage in the nursing process, which occurs continuously while. providing care. Evaluation refers to goals which were set, any reassessment and. documentation relating to specific goals. In Mary’s case this was her care plans.
Therefore the angel questions would be asked: Is the client in nus thesis latex, pain? How well does the. client mobilise? Is the gmat client confident in mobilising alone? This phase also involved. re-assessing Mary in relation to AL’s, and so by using the Roper, Logan and Tierney.
(1996) model, a staff nurse updated this information by explaining the process to my. client and asking her views on each topic relating to AL’s. Tierney (1998) suggests. that this particular model is positively balanced, and has been one of the most popular. in the nus thesis United Kingdom. Wimpenny (2001) agrees stating It is nus thesis, certainly the best. known and most widely used model in this country. Nus Thesis Latex! Generally the model had worked. well as a basis for Mary’s care planning, and proved in the evaluation stage that.
progress was made and the model was excellent in relation to most physical and social. aspects of abelard essay questions, care. It was documented and handed over that my client had appeared to. have progressed in all that was set. Newton (1991, p.181) confirms this by stating. Value is also placed on observablee behaviour as an indication of the need for. nursing and the basis of evaluation of the effects of nursing. On reflection, I found. that the care plans were maintained well. The intervention of latex, therapy staff and their.
role in meeting the specific goals was a key factor in Mary’s progression. At this point. and in order to encourage a timely discharge my client and her family were informed. of a home visit. This would prove to the MDT whether her progression in hospital. reflected on her own living environment, therefore determining an gmat practice test, expected discharge. date and which services/equipment if any are needed to ensure the discharge is safe.
Archibald (2000) believes evaluation should take place in nus thesis latex, collaboration with the. patient and family. This happened on the unit via progress reports or case conference. which were organised by members of the MDT in a private setting and family were. welcomed to be involved on consent of the client. The evaluation of nus thesis, care was fully. documented by the nurse and the MDT agreed that goals had been met. Therefore the. plans were discontinued as it had been established how my client would manage at. home and the only risks identified were eliviated by equipment provided by.
occupational therapy. After a discharge date was set the nurse made appropriate. arrangements for transport via an ambulance and liaised with a family member in. order ensure a safe arrival at home. As both care giver and observer, I found that the care planned matched the care given. Collaboration between the Multidisciplinary Team and working closely with patient. and family enabled outcomes to be achieved. Latex! This experience has taught me the.
importance of holistic care in relation to the nursing process and how an effective. therapeutic relationship between patient and healthcare professional allows more. information to be retrieved, thus creating a more precise and individualised care plan. To care for a person holistically requires ongoing assessments – utilizing knowledge, attitudes and skills. Gmat Practice Test! Improving assessments and patient involvement in care is. highlighted in the essence of care document (DoH, 2001b). The fact that the nus thesis MDT. were based within the same unit allowed a more timely advantage for both patient and.
staff , allowed maximum communication to all concerned and worked well in relation. to discharge planning. My client had commented how she enjoyed the 4 weeks on nus thesis, the. ward. I think that the social aspect of the ward helped a great deal.
Mary was. encouraged by the whole team and maintained as much independence possible. throughout her stay. I have benefited as a result of this placement, as it has taught me. the importance of the nursing process. I have become more efficient in collecting. information from the latex client and utilising it appropriately in order to care for the client.
in a holistic way. Archibald, G (2000). Barn Burning Summary! A Post Modern Nursing Model. Nursing Standard . Vol 14 (34) p40-42. Alfero-Lefevre, R (1998) Nursing Process: A Step by Step Guide . 4 th Edition. Philadelphia: Lippincott.
Arnold, A. Nus Thesis! (1991) . Nursing : A Knowledge Base for Practice, London: Hodder Stoughton. Atkinson D and Murray M. (1983) Understanding the fcat dissertation Nursing Process. New York: Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc. Daws, J. (1998). An Enquiry into Attitudes of Qualified Nursing Staff towards the Use of nus thesis latex, Individualised Nursing Care Plans as a Teaching Tool. Journal of Advanced Nursing 13:134-146.
Department of Health (2001) Single assessment process , http:// www.doh.gov.uk/PolicyAndGuidance/HealthAndSocialCareTopics/ SocialCare/SingleAssessmentProcess. Department of Health. Introduction Analysis! (2002a ) Essence of nus thesis latex, Care : Patient Focused Benchmarks for Clinical Governance . London: Department of Health, Department of Health (2002b) National Service Framework for essay Older People: Intermediate Care: Moving Forward . Nus Thesis Latex! London: Department of Health. Glasser, W. (1965) Reality Therapy . New York: Harper Row, Hinchliff, S. Norman, S and Schober J. (1998) Nursing Practice and Healthcare: A Foundation Text , 3rd Edition. Of The! London: Arnold Publishers Ltd. Hinchliff, S., Montague, S and Watson, R. (1996) Physiology for nus thesis latex Nursing Practice, 2 nd Edition.
London: Balliere Tindall, Mosby’s Nurses Pocket Dictionary. (2002), 32 nd Edition. London: Mosby, Newton, C. (1991) The Roper-Logan-Tierney: Model in Action. Basingstoke: Palgrave M c Millan. Nursing and Midwifery Council (2002) Code of Professional Conduct . London: Nursing and Midwifery Council. Oxford Minidictionary for Nurses (1998), 4th Edition.
Oxford: Oxford University Press. Roper, L. Logan, W and Tierney, A. (1996) The Elements of Nursing 4 th Edition. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone. Tierney, A.J. (1998) Nursing Models:Extant or Extinct? Journal of Advanced Nursing. Vol 28 (1) p77-85. Wimpenny (2002) The Meaning of Models of Nursing to Practising Nurses . Journal of barn burning, Advanced Nursing. Vol 40 (3) p346-354.
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essays jude obscure 1010 N HANCOCK ST, PHILADELPHIA, PA 19123, USA. Copyright 2017 ghostwritingessays.com. Thomas Hardy#039;s Jude the Obscure - Ghost Writing Essays. The novel Jude the Obscure, by Thomas Hardy, was first published unabridged in 1896. It narrates the doomed existence of the protagonist, Jude, from the moment he is still a boy at latex, Marygreen and is inspired by a rural schoolmaster to think of of the cruel, a university education, to latex, the moment in which he dies, alone and unattended. It tells the story of a man whose dreams and ambitions are gradually destroyed, and end up being shattered. Jude lives an enternal cyclical movement, in which he never gets any closer to whaever he is looking for, due to forces which seem to be operating against him all the time. In this essay, I will conduct an burning summary, analysis of these social forces, in order to show that Hardy did create a realistic depiction of ninteenth century British society. According to nus thesis latex, Brooks , a realistic depiction is similar to the vision we have if go up a high tower and remove the housetops of the houses, to show what is really happening in the rooms exposed. It is a duty of the realistic writer, to nus thesis latex, dismantle appearances and not to reproduce the facade, and “to give us not only the world viewed, as well as the world comprehended . Hardy shows us that Jude is making choices at a certain level, referring to his personal life, but there are social and economic forces which operate on nus thesis latex him so he does not take decisions, once these circumstances limit his choices.
Early on in the novel, we see Jude struggling against a thesis the circumstances. The village of Marygreen is set in opposition to the university town of Christminster. The young Jude sees Christminster as an nus thesis, enlightened place of learning, relating it to faulkner summary, his dreams of higher education and his vague notions of academic success. Yet while Jude lives quite close to Christminster and knows a man who is latex going to live there, the city is always only a distant vision in his mind. It is nearly within his reach but at the same time unattainable.
This physical distance is a metaphor for nus thesis latex the abstract distance between the nus thesis latex impoverished Jude and the privileged Christminster students. For the nus thesis latex first time in the novel we see Jude heading towards a destination, and being unable to reach it. At the start of the novel, Jude is portrayed as a determined and innocent young man who aspires to things greater than his background allows. He resists succumbing to the discouragement of those around him and does not fear the nus thesis latex gap he is creating between himself and the other people of his village. He is seen as eccentric and perhaps impertinent, and his aspirations are dismissed as unrealistic. These circumstances might have led him to marry Arabella. All through his young adult life, he avoids going to Christminster. He appears to be afraid of the failure he might encounter there. In Arabella, he sees something attainable and instantly gratifying, as opposed to cruel, the university life, of which he fears he may never become a part. In this way Jude tries to avoid disappointment, but finds that he cannot live within the confines of an unhappy marriage.
The freedom he receives after Arabella leaves is only partially liberating: It lets him be independent in a physical sense, but because he is still married, it forbids him to achieve legitimate romantic happiness with someone else. Jude is attracted to Christminster because of latex, Sue, who he seeks with a strange devotion, despite his aunt’s warning that he should stay away from test he. Taken together with her warning that marriages in their family never end well and latex, with the fact that they are cousins, Jude’s haste to find and fall in fcat dissertation, love with Sue creates a sense of foreboding about his fate. Latex! He finds that the barn summary Christminster colleges are not welcoming toward self-educated men, and when he accepts that he may not be able to study at the university after all, he starts drinking. “ He began to see that the town life was a book of humanity infinitely more palpitating, varied, and compendious than the latex gown life. These struggling men and women before him were the reality of Christminster, though they knew little of analysis, Christ or Minster. That was one of the humours of things. The floating population of students and latex, teachers, who did know both in a way, were not Christminster in a local sense at all. ” The narrator tells us how big the distance between his aspirations and his relaity is, since Jude works so hard that he can no longer dedicate himself to his studies at night: “So fatigued was he sometimes after his day’s work that he could not aintain the critical attention necessary for thorough application. He felt that he wanted a coach – a friend at his elbow to tell him in a moment what sometimes would occupy him a weary month in extracting from unanticipative, clumsy books. ” The episode in the pub, in which he recites Latin to a group of abelard essay, workmen and undergraduates, shows the contrast between Jude’s intellect and his appearance. Christminster will not accept him because he belongs to the working class, yet he is intelligent and well-read through independent study, he is advised to remain in his own sphere. The realization that his learning will help him only to perform in pubs sits heavily with Jude, as we can tell from his reaction at the pub: “`You pack of fools! ‘ he cried. `Which one of you knows whether I have said it or no?
It might have been the Ratcatcher’s Daughter in double Dutch for all that your besotted heads can tell! See what I have brought myself to – the nus thesis latex crew I have come among! ‘” He looks for consolation with Sue and shows her what he considers to be his worst side”: “… `I am so wicked, Sue – my heart is nearly broken, and I could not bear my life as it was! So I have been drinking, and blaspheming, or next door to analysis, it, and saying holy things in disreputable quarters – repeating in nus thesis latex, idle bravado words which ought never to be uttered but reverently! Oh, do anything with me, Sue – kill me – I don’t care! Only don’t hate me and despise me like all the rest of the world! ‘” Jude is comforted only by the idea of becoming a clergyman.
Once again, he does have the barn burning faulkner ability to make a decision, but he only chooses to become a clergyman because his choices were limited by the conventions and prejudices of society. The moral implications of the friendship and romance between Jude and nus thesis, Sue emerge as an important issue. Jude’s doomed existence is also shaped by other people’s indecision. Sue shows herself to be both radical in her intellectual views and conservative in her social practices. She leaves the Training College because she discovers that its rules are intolerably strict, and abelard and heloise essay, she cannot conform to the rules of her establishment in Melchester either. Latex! She comes to see Jude as a protector, and reveals to be quite an to a self, impulsive character, and not to care much about nus thesis, Jude’s intense feelings for her and the implications of her actions: Suddenly, however, quite a passionate letter arrived from abelard and heloise essay Sue. She was quite lonely and miserable, she told him. Nus Thesis! She hated the place she was in; it was worse than the gmat test ecclesiastical designer’s; worse than anywhere.
She felt utterly friendless; could he come immediately? – though when he did come she would only be able to see him at limited times, the rules of the establishment she found herself in nus thesis, being strict to a degree. It was Mr. Phillotson who had advised her to come there, and she wished she had never listened to him. ” … Phillotson’s suit was not exactly prospering, evidently; and Jude felt unreasonably glad. He packed up his things and went to Melchester with a lighter heart than he had known for months. Barn Faulkner Summary! ” When they meet, the narrator describes her as unhappy and changed, but not anxious and latex, desperate as she was when she wrote the letter, since Jude is the only one overcome by emotion: “Though she had been here such a short while, she was not as he had seen her last. All her bounding manner was gone; her curves of to a self analysis essay, motion had become subdued lines. The screens and subtleties of convention had likewise disappeared.
Yet neither was she quite the woman who had written the letter that summoned him. That had plainly been dashed off in an impulse which second thoughts had somewhat regretted; thoughts that were possibly of nus thesis latex, his recent self-disgrace. Jude was quite overcome with emotion. ” “… she had altogether the air of a woman clipped and gmat essay practice test, pruned by severe discipline, an under-brightness shining through from the depths which that discipline had not yet been able to reach. ” Sue makes it clear that she doesn’t see Jude as a lover, and is annoyed by the fact that he is love with her. She goes back and forth in her protests, sometimes wanting to enter into nus thesis, a romantic relationship with Jude and sometimes believing it to introduction to a, be misguided. When he confesses that he is married, she accuses him of dishonesty, but there is a hint of nus thesis latex, disappointment in gmat practice, her tone because his marriage only adds a further obstruction to their possible romance. She marries Phillotson in this state of anger and frustration, and Jude feels that he cannot and should not dissuade her. Nus Thesis Latex! By doing so, Sue hopes to protect her reputation and achieve the traditional lifestyle of a married woman. After Jude spends the night with Arabella, Sue tries to push him away again, then invites him to gmat essay practice test, her home soon after.
Sue does not know what she wants, but is slowly realizing that she finds Phillotson repulsive. She does not admit to loving Jude, but still turns to him to be her protector. Latex! She recognizes her own intellect and nus thesis, her potential for a satisfying career in teaching, and marries Phillotson partly out of a desire for a pleasant work environment. Latex! She resists a romantic relationship with Jude, but falls in love with him despite her misgivings. However, when it comes time to marry, she does not wish to barn faulkner summary, enter into nus thesis latex, a legal contract in which she would again be confined and of the, their financial difficulties push them into a wandering life. Nus Thesis! The uncertainty surrounding their status foreshadows difficulties to barn, come, as there is a sense of illegitimacy lingering in nus thesis latex, their relationship. Burning! Society dispproves of it, and the children and Sue’s pregnancy only add to that. The tragic conclusion of the novel arises as the nus thesis inevitable result of the latex difficulties faced by the two cousins. When Father Time kills himself and the other children, Sue is the one who cannot handle it and start regarding their relationship as sinful and the death of the children as punishment. Nus Thesis Latex! She thinks the child of a legitimate union had punished the ones of an illegitimate one, as the result of her transgressions against the institution of marriage. She marries Philoston again in an act of introduction to a self, hopelessness, almost masochistic behaviour, once she feels repulse for him and knows she will never love him.
This action may be seen as an attempt to conform, but it is also a selfish act. Sue could have left Jude and lived on er own, kept struggling against conventions as a divorced woman. She finds a solution which is, at the same time emotionally torturing and financially comortable for her, while Jude remains lonely and poor, having had both his academic and his romantic aspirations destroyed. Jude then enters a state of self mutilation and acceptance of the suffering. Latex! He goes back to Arabella, who once again represents the last and worse of nus thesis, his options, and an act of desistance. Latex! After Jude gets sick she imediatelly starts looking for another possible husband, and slowly reveals, throughout the novel, to be quite an animalistic character. She personifies the danger of a bad marriage, and is heartless to the point of essay practice, being unable to sacrifice a boat race to nus thesis latex, be with him while he is dying or even to and heloise questions, take care of his body after he dies. The Jude we see in nus thesis latex, the last chapter is burning summary a handicapped vesion of the young, ambitious one from the beginning of the novel.
He is latex depicted as a man who is burning faulkner exhausted after having spent his life fighting against a strong opponent, represented by nineteenth century British society. It ended up mutilating him and left him with nothing, longing for his death. The lack of conflicts’ resolution and the sense of vagueness in Arabella’s suggestion about Sue’s miserable future reveal the modernity of the novel. Accroding to Schweik, Hardy successfully images life as first impulsive passion and confidence leading to nus thesis latex, disappointments, collapse of hopes, and death.  With its open ending, Jude the Obscure turns out to self, be a novel in which the relationship between form and content becomes the form itself. Bibliography: Brooks, Peter. Realist Vision.
New Haven and London, Yale University Press, 2005. Hardy, Thomas. Jude The Obscure. Penguin Popular Classics, England,1994. Nus Thesis! Schweik, Robert C. “The Modernity of Hardy in Jude the Obscure”. In: A Spacious Vision: Essays on Hardy. Newmill, The Patten Press, 1994, p. 49-64.
Stern, J. Barn Burning Summary! P. Nus Thesis Latex! “On Realism“. In: Concepts of Literature. Routledge Kegan Paul, 1973. Watt, Ian. “ Realism and the Novel“. Fcat! In: Essays in nus thesis, Criticism II, p. 376-396, 1952. ———————–  Brooks, Peter. Realist Vision.
New Haven and London, Yale University Press, 2005.  Schweik, Robert C. “The Modernity of Hardy in Jude the Obscure”. In: A Spacious Vision: Essays on Hardy. Practice Test! Newmill, The Patten Press, 1994, p. 49-64.